National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The effect of endocannabinoid system on light entrainment of rat circadian system
Filipovská, Eva ; Bendová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Balík, Aleš (referee)
Circadian system of mammals is generated in suprachiasmatic nuclei of hypothalamus. This system is synchronized with light conditions through phase shifts that occur after light exposition during the subjective night. Recent studies have shown that activation of endocannabinoid receptors attenuates the light-induced phase shifts and influences the ability of circadian system to light entrainment. The aim of this work is to examine this influence on behavioral level and on light-reactive cellular processes within the suprachiasmatic nuclei. Our results show that the activation of endocannabinoid system via CB1 receptor agonist modulates the light-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and the expression of c-Fos protein in neurons of suprachiasmatic nuclei in the rat's brain; these cellular processes correlate with the attenuation of light entrainment. Keywords: circadian system, suprachiasmatic nuclei, light entrainment, endocannabinoid system, CB1 receptors, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2, ERK1/2, c-Fos
The disruption of the circadian system in bipolar disorder and its association with the polymorphism of L-type calcium channel
Filipovská, Eva ; Bendová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Novosadová, Zuzana (referee)
Bipolar affective disorder is a serious psychiatric disease with prevalence of about 1% in general population. Typical symptoms are mood changes: manic periods are followed by depressions, with possible asymptomatic period of variable duration between them. It alters patient's everyday life and often leads to suicidal tendencies. Bipolar disorder is related to impaired circadian rhytms that are regulated from suprachiasmatic nuclei in hypothalamus. Impaired circadian rhytms in bipolar disorder are manifested by abnormalities of sleep and daily activity and by disrupted circadian secretion of several hormons. One of many factors that link bipolar disorder to circadian system at molecular level is the function of voltage-dependent calcium channels of L-type. Expression of these channels is regulated by the clock genes and their proper function is important for maintaining endogenous oscillations in the main oscillator located in suprachiasmatic nuclei. A common finding in patients with bipolar disorder is polymorphism of the gene for 1 subunit of the Cav1.2 channel. Abnormal function of calcium channels, consequent to the polymorphism, may be one of the causes that alter circadian rhytms in bipolar disorder. Key words: circadian system, suprachiasmatic nucleus, bipolar disorder, L-type calcium...

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