National Repository of Grey Literature 78 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Demographic transition, population growth, demographic ageing - interrelations and development contexts at the regional level
Avram, Cristina ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bleha, Branislav (referee) ; Fiala, Tomáš (referee)
Demographic transition, population growth, demographic ageing - interrelations and development contexts at the regional level Abstract This thesis aims to examine how the timing and pace of the demographic transition correlated with the timing and pace of ageing at the regional level in Czechia and also to contribute to understanding the determinants and evolution of demographic transition, specifically mortality and fertility decline, and connect it with the population ageing. It is a common belief that ageing is the result of demographic transition, but there is a limited number of studies that investigate the interrelations between these two processes. The greatest challenge was the difficulty in comparing historical and current data caused by changes in the administrative division during 1868-2017. Thus, the recalculation of data was needed to analyse trends in mortality and fertility. 2011 statistical units at the level of districts were chosen as basic units for analysis. The data recalculation was preceded by the reconstruction of historical districts maps and population data estimation for intercensal periods. Data were recalculated using spatial overlays in GIS software and database processing operations both for population and vital statistics. This step was followed by the data analysis....
Influencing postural stability in the standing position on the hands
Fiala, Tomáš ; Krištofič, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Chrudimský, Jan (referee)
Name: Influencing postural stability in the handstand posture Characteristic: Theoretical part of thesis explains essential terms regarding a postural stability, motor skills, particularly coordination, respectively balance skills. Thesis deals with the issue of maintaining the postural balance in handstand position. Objectives: The main goal of thesis is finding, if and in what amount can applied movement program improve parameters of postural stability, within the research group. Methods: The research included 7 students took the entire cycle (2 men, 5 women; age of 22,8 ± 1,64 year, body weight 61,5 ± 7,45 kg, body height 169,5 ± 7,51 cm. For the measurement of postural stability device was used FOOTSCAN, sensing frequency has been selected 33 Hz. Test battery was composed of four postural stability tests and the handstand stability test. For evaluation of the working parameters have been taken to the COP in the antero-posterior direction (Δx), in the right-left direction (Δy) and total distance COP (TTW). Results: Results has shown a slight improvement of postural stability in handstand, after completion of the movement program. There was a lack of a control group, therefore no statistic significance was concluded. Furthermore, no significant change in postural stability was detected after...
The transformation of Czech film and its critics in the Film a doba journal (90s)
Fiala, Tomáš ; Štoll, Martin (advisor) ; Novotný, David Jan (referee)
The theme of the diploma thesis is the image of Czech film and its criticism in the post- revolutionary period. The view of Czech cinematography in the 1990s is showed by professional reflection in the magazine Film a doba, traditional periodical published since 1955. The analysis reflects the form of critical pieces and the state of Czech film under the influence of new possibilities and production conditions in 1990-1999. The development of Czech cinematography is illustrated in the theoretical part with the help of literature, essays and critics. The paper also finds an answer to the question of how domestic cinematography and its criticism used an opportunity for development and whether it was successful. The research also includes external influences such as the gradual development of multiplexis, the privatization of film studios and the interest in films by Czech viewers under the influence of foreign titles.
Jan Maria Dobrodinský - Performer and Teacher
Šedivý, Ondřej ; Fiala, Tomáš (referee)
The aim of this rigorous thesis called "Jan Maria Dobrodinský - the artist and lecturer" is to present a complex view on the personality, system of work and the art and pedagogical heritage of this important Czech choirmaster, conductor, and lecturer, Doc. Mgr. Jan Maria Dobrodinský (born in 1925). J. M. Dobrodinský has professionally studied at the conservatory and several colleges. He was greatly influenced by his teacher Václav Talich. Dobrodinský as a chief-choirmaster became a part of history of Slovak Philharmonic Chorus, which he greatly influenced by his interpretation and dramaturgy. He also worked as a conductor for several important Czech and European choirs and orchestras; he worked as a chief-conductor in Central Bohemian Symphonic Orchestra. The basis of his success was his effort to study the score as precisely as possible and to realize it most punctually on the basis of his inner sound imagination of the piece. After 1989 (Velvet Revolution in the Czech Republic), J. M.' Dobrodinský enters into the politics and becomes the advisor of ministry of culture of the Czech Republic. Greatly appreciated is his work for Association of music artists and scientists, and also his pedagogical and publishing work. He could only do all of these demanding professions thanks to his diligence, further...
Changing patterns of marital and reproductive behavior of young women in the urban settlement (on the example of Ust-Kamenogorsk, East Kazakhstan oblast, Kazakhstan)
Karmenova, Zhaniya ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kocourková, Jiřina (referee) ; Fiala, Tomáš (referee)
Changing patterns of marital and reproductive behavior of young women in the urban settlement (on the example of Ust-Kamenogorsk, East Kazakhstan oblast, Kazakhstan) Abstract This study primarily addresses nuptiality and fertility patterns among youth in East Kazakhstan region. The data are obtained from censuses, vital statistics and two surveys "Marital and reproductive behavior of young women in Ust-Kamenogorsk" conducted in 2009 and 2016. The survey data collection has been supported by Center of International programs of Kazakhstan "Bolashak" and Charles University in Prague. The thesis examines demographic behaviours of two main ethnicities (Kazakh and Russian) in East Kazakhstan oblast and influence of such factors like ethnicity, education, place of residence and socio- economic conditions on their marital and reproductive behaviour. East Kazakhstan oblast, compared with other regions of Kazakhstan, has lower birth and marriage rates, higher divorce rates, higher share of non-native ethnicities residing in urban areas and higher proportion of female workers employed in the industrial sector. The author tries to evaluate the importance of marriage to young females and its relation to their reproductive and marital behaviour. The general tendency observed from the conducted survey was that young women...
Comparison of mortality in the Czech Republic and in other EU countries
Kůrková, Simona ; Fiala, Tomáš (advisor) ; Vrabcová, Jana (referee)
The goal of this bachelor thesis is to analyze the developement of mortality in the Czech reublic and compare it with mortality in the other EU countries in years 1960-2014. This thesis includes detailed description of basic terms calculation of mortality rates. Selected EU countries are divided into units, i.e. Notrh, South, West and East. Analysis of this thesis was based on infant mortality and life expectancy. The developement of each mortality indiacator is ilustrated by number of graphs, which were created from the Human Mortality database on available datas. Infant mortality in the Czech Republic and other EU countries is examined for both gender in the time series 1960-1990 and 1990-2014. Subsequently the thesis analyses life expectancy at birth and at ages of 25 and 65 years for women and men separately. There is also analysis of life expectancy annual increase at birth and at ages of 25 and 65 years for women and men, based on linear regression function in the time of 1960-1990 and 2000-2014. The aim of bachelor thesis is to compare individual mortality indicators among selected states.
Comparison of Fertility Indicators in the Czech Republic and Other Countries of the EU
Medková, Barbora ; Fiala, Tomáš (advisor) ; Krbcová, Daniela (referee)
This Bachelor thesis compares selected period and cohort characteristics of fertility for 15 chosen European countries that are divided into four groups: post-communist countries, Northern European countries, Southern European countries and Western European countries. The aim of this thesis is to find out whether differences among selected groups of countries exist and whether differences between post-communist countries and the rest of the countries still prevail. Additionally, the thesis aims to indicate the aggregate fertility rates achieved, the average age of mothers at birth, and, finally, the proportion of children born outside marriage in countries in question. Moreover, the development of completed fertility of women born after World War II is examined to reveal whether the decline in cross-period total fertility has been later compensated at least partially, or whether the total fertility rate constantly decreases. The Eurostat and the Human Fertility databases were used to acquire elementary data. The data were later analysed. According to results, the total fertility rate in all selected countries during the second half of the last century had decreased. In some cases, it had fallen even under the level necessary to ensure basic reproduction of the population. During the present century, the aggregate total fertility rates have been fairly stable; in some countries, even moderate growth can be seen. Despite the initial decline over the past decade, the mean age of women at childbirth has been increasing in most of the countries, and oscillates around the age of 30. Also, the high proportion of children born outside marriage can be seen. Currently, apart from few exceptions, the proportion of children born outside marriage ranges between 40 and 60%. Furthermore, the research results show also that the majority of selected period and cohort characteristics examined differ a lot among the selected groups of countries. It was find out that the completed cohort fertility is decreasing with time in Southern and Northern European countries. It is assumed that the completed cohort fertility is going to increase in Western European countries for generations born after the year 1980. For post-communist countries it is assumed that the figures are going to increase for the youngest generations.
Projection of the population of the Czech Republic in various migration scenarios
Kubínková, Tereza ; Fiala, Tomáš (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jitka (referee)
This bachelor thesis based on projection of the population of the Czech Republic aims to demonstrate the influence of various migration scenarios on the population. Its goal is to find out whether the migration may replace natural decline of the population and prevent gradual aging of the population. The thesis concludes that positive migration balance is essential for sustaining the size of the population and the number of live births. Nonetheless, even high migration cannot prevent gradual aging of the population.
Demographic Development in the Suburban Zone of Prague
Kračunova, Dominika ; Šimková, Martina (advisor) ; Fiala, Tomáš (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the demographic development in the suburban zone of Prague, the territory most affected by the process of suburbanization. The aim of the thesis is to characterize the development of the demographic structure of monitored areas, to capture changes in the level of selected demographic indicators and to create a projection of the future development of the population. In the surveyed areas, the size of the population increased significantly during the period under review, mainly due to migration of specific age groups into the area. Immigration has led to a significant rejuvenation of the population and has brought about changes in the population structure that have had a decisive influence on the further development of the surveyed demographic indicators.

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