National Repository of Grey Literature 17 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
In-situ compression test of artificial bone foams in controlled environment using X-Ray micro-computed tomography
Glinz, J. ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Šleichrt, Jan ; Schrempf, A. ; Fürst, D. ; Kastner, J. ; Senck, S.
X-RayMicro-computed tomography (XCT) has already become a standard method for investigations of bone and bone replacement materials in medical research. For an in-depth characterization of histomorphometric features, digital volume data acquired by XCT can be processed and visualized three dimensionally to determine parameters such as bone volume fraction, cortical thickness and porosity. In this study, we investigated specimens of artificial bone foams, developed by the research group for surgical simulators at the UAS Linz, which are used to mimic the haptic feedback of physiologic and pathologic bone for more realistic surgery training. Similar specimen of artificial bone foam in a dry state have already been characterized precisely in [1]. However, since physiological bone typically is in a wet state, the main purpose of this study was the investigation of the influence of environmental conditions on artificial bone foams of varying composition. Thus, specimens with two kinds of mineral filler material as well as different amounts of foaming agent were prepared and tested in an in-situ loading stage developed by the ITAM CAS. In this stage, specimens can be immersed in liquid and tested under temperature-controlled conditions. Consequently, a total amount of 12 specimens was subjected to compression loading; half of them immersed in water at 36.5◦C and half in dry condition. Results showed that there is no significant influence of liquid immersion to the compression outcome. However, foams with less amount of foaming agent appeared to have smaller pores resulting in higher compression strength. Different types of mineral filler material also showed no significant influence on compression strength. Furthermore, a time-lapse in-situ investigation with XCT scans in-between the load steps was performed for one specimen immersed in water to investigate behavior during load. Despite of the open porous morphology of the foam, water immersed only partially into the foam, leaving pores closer to the center unfilled. Concluding, the usage of the artificial bone foams investigated is despite their physiologically wet condition also valid in a dry state since environmental differences are nonessential for their mechanical properties.
Multi-channel control system for in-situ laboratory loading devices
Rada, Václav ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Zlámal, Petr ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Koudelka_ml., P.
In recent years, open-source applications have replaced proprietary software in many fields. Especially open-source software tools based on Linux operating system have wide range of utilization. In terms of CNC solutions, an open-source system LinuxCNC can be used. However, the LinuxCNC control software and the graphical user interface (GUI) could be developed only on top of Hardware Abstraction Layer. Nevertheless, the LinuxCNC community provided Python Interface, which allows for controlling CNC machine using Python programming language, therefore whole control software can be developed in Python. The paper focuses on a development of a multi-process control software mainly for in-house developed loading devices operated at our institute. The software tool is based on the LinuxCNC Python Interface and Qt framework, which gives the software an ability to be modular and effectively adapted for various devices.
Instrumentation of four-point bending test during 4D computed tomography
Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavro, Leona ; Vavro, Martin
High-resolution time-lapse micro-focus X-ray computed tomography is an effective method for investigation of deformation processes on volumetric basis including fracture propagation characteristics of non-homogeneous materials subjected to mechanical loading. This experimental method requires implementation of specifically designed loading devices to X-ray imaging setups. In case of bending tests, our background research showed that no commercial solution allowing for reliable investigation of so called fracture process zone in quasi-brittle materials is currently available. Thus, this paper is focused on description of recently developed in-situ four-point bending loading device and its instrumentation for testing of quasi-brittle materials. Proof of concept together with the pilot experiments were successfully performed in a CT scanner TORATOM. Based on results of the pilot experiments, we demonstrate that crack development and propagation in a quasi-brittle material can be successfully observed in 3D using high resolution 4D micro-CT under loading.
Evaluation of the Financial Situation in the Company and Proposals to Its Improvement
Dosoudilová, Jana ; Fila, Tomáš (referee) ; Fojtů, Kateřina (advisor)
The bachelor’s thesis is focused on evaluation of the financial situation of the company Ivo Menšík, s.r.o. in the period 2011-2015. The theoretical part describes selected analysis and indicators. In the analytical part is presented the analyzed company and mainly is performed financial analysis, according to the theoretical part, accompanied by appropriate comments. The conclusion contains a real applicable suggestions to improve financial situation of the company.
Deformation behaviour of gellan gum based artificial bone structures under simulated physiological conditions
Krčmářová, N. ; Šleichrt, J. ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Kytýř, Daniel
The paper deals with investigation of deformation behaviour of gellan gum (GG) based\nstructures prepared for regenerative medicine purposes. Investigated material was synthesized as porous spongy-like scaffold reinforced by bioactive glass (BAG) nano-particles in different concentrations. Deformation behavior was obtained employing custom designed experimental setup. This device equipped with bioreactor chamber allows to test the delivered samples under simulated physiological conditions with controlled flow and temperature. Cylindrical samples were subjected to uniaxial quasi-static loading in tension and compression. Material properties of plain scaffold buffered by 50 wt% and 70 wt% BAG were derived from a set of tensile and compression tests. The results are represented in form of stress-strain curves calculated from the acquired force and displacement data.
Time lapse tomography of fracture progress in silicate-based composite subjected to the loading a combination with acoustic emission scanning
Kumpová, Ivana ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Veselý, V. ; Trčka, T. ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel
The initiation and propagation of a fracture in quasi-brittle materials (such as silicatebased composite) is an increasingly discussed topic for which various methods of research have been developed/applied. As the quasi-brittle silicate-based composite compounds are very non-homogenous, the mechanism of the crack initiation and propagation can be very different even for samples with the\nidentical geometry. One possible approach to study the fracture mechanism in quasi-brittle materials is to use several different experimental techniques in a single experiment and perform detail analysis to identify generally valid fracture process phenomena. In this work, a simultaneous monitoring of fracture\nprocess zone formation and propagation by three different methods is presented and discussed. A three point bending test was performed on a notched silicate composite specimen. During the loading process, a highly accurate force displacement dependence was recorded accompanied with X-ray radiography,\nX-ray computed tomogra-phy and acoustic emission scanning.
Mechanical properties of 3D auxetic structures produced by additive manufacturing
Jiroušek, O. ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Fíla, Tomáš
Three distinct auxetic structures were produced by direct 3D printing based on parametric CAD models. Mechanical properties of the structures were established by static compression tests where strain fields on the surface of the specimens was measured by non-contact optical method. Parametric finite element (FE) model of each structure was then subjected to a virtual compression test and mechanical properties obtained from the FE simulations were compared to the experimentally assessed values. After verification, the parametric FE models were used to establish relationships between various design parameters (porosity, rod thickness, internal angles, etc.) and overall mechanical properties (particularly stiffness).
Experimental assessment of creep behaviour of C/PPS chopped fibre composite
Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Šleichrt, Jan ; Fenclová, Nela
The report deals with experimental assessment of creep behaviour of C/PPS chopped fibre composite subjected to uniaxial loading. Digital image correlation was employed for full-field strain measurement. Creep behaviour was described using Findley model.
Energy absorption of cellular foams in high strain rate compression test
Králík, V. ; Němeček, J. ; Jíra, A. ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Zlámal, P.
Aluminum foams are structural materials with excellent energy absorption capacity jointed with very low specific weight and high stiffness. Products of aluminum foams are used in a wide range of structural and functional applications (e.g. as a part of composite protection elements) due to its attractive properties. Full characterization of deformation behaviour under high-strain rate loading is required for designing these applications. The aim of this study is to compare stress-strain behaviour and energy absorption of the aluminium foam structure with conventional energy absorbing materials based on polystyrene and extruded polystyrene commonly used as protective elements. The compressive deformation behaviour of the materials was assessed under impact loading conditions using a drop tower experimental device.
On the modelling of compressive response of closed-cell aluminium foams under high-strain rate loading
Koudelka_ml., P. ; Zlámal, Petr ; Fíla, Tomáš
Porous metals and particularly aluminium foams are attractive materials for crash applications where constructional elements have to be able to absorb considerable amount of deformation energy while having as low weight as possible. Compressive behaviour for medium impact velocities can be experimentally assessed from a series of droptower impact tests instrumented with accelerometer and high-speed camera. However to predict such behaviour a proper modelling scheme has to be developed. In this paper droptower impact tests of Alporas aluminium foam were used for development of a material model for explicit finite element simulations of high-strain rate deformation process using LS-DYNA simulation environment. From the material models available low density foam, Fu-Chang’s foam, crushable foam and modified crushable foam models were selected for simulations using smoothed-particle hydrodynamics and solid formulations respectively. Numerical simulations were performed in order to assess constitutive parameters of these models and identify material model describing deformation behaviour of Alporas with the best accuracy.

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1 Fíla, T.
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