National Repository of Grey Literature 12 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Nanoparticle-Mediated Delivery System for Gene Therapy
Dvořáková, Nikola ; Ellederová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Šálek, Petr (referee)
Gene editing with the CRISPR/Cas9 system is one of the options that sets a new trend in the development of gene therapy. The most commonly used delivery of DNA into the cells are via viruses. Nevertheless, they are often unable to take CRISPR/Cas9 system, which can be bigger than several kb. Nanoparticles (NPs), as non-viral transporters, seem to be a good alternative delivery system. For this work magnetic Fe3O4 NPs (MNPs) were selected, because of their excellent properties such as multifunctionality, biocompatibility, easy degradation and simple synthesis. The aim of this work was to synthesise MNPs and a complex of MNPs coated with PEI/CRISPR-Cas9 plasmid and to characterize them by physicochemical methods. The created complex MNPs/PEI/CRISPR-Cas9 was defined by exact parameters that are suitable for possible cell uptake. The hypothesis of stabilization of the MNPs/CRISPR-Cas9 plasmid complex by polyethylenimine (PEI), which can also protect plasmid DNA against restriction endonucleases, was verified. Next a stable modified cell line HEK293-TLR3, designed to evaluate the efficacy of double strand break (DSB) repair by nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) or homologous recombination (HR) was, transfected with the synthesised MNPs/PEI/CRISPR-Cas9 complex. The results indicate a 25% transfection...
Phenotypic Analyses of the HD Transgenic Minipig Model (A11609)
Ellederová, Zdeňka
The transgenic Huntington's disease minipigs (TgHD) express N‐terminal part of human mutated huntingtin (124Q) under the control of human huntingtin promoter. The founder animal, born in 2009, gave birth to four subsequent generations with an equal contribution of wild‐type (WT) and transgenic (TgHD) piglets in all litters. The model is being used for preclinical huntingtin lowering studies. Here we take different non-invasive and invasive approaches, some of which are unique for large animal models, to study the phenotype development comparing WT and TgHD siblings. We show gradual progression of the disease in these TgHD animals. Moreover, some biomarkers were identified. These markers could serve for monitoring of organism response to HD treatment to assess efficacy and safety in preclinical studies prior to human clinical trials.
Following the phenotype development of TgHD minipigs by invasive and noninvasive approach
Ellederová, Zdeňka ; Baxa, Monika ; Vidinská, Daniela ; Bohuslavová, Božena ; Vochozková, Petra ; Šmatlíková, Petra ; Klíma, Jiří ; Valeková, Ivona ; Ardan, Taras ; Juhás, Štefan ; Juhásová, Jana ; Konvalinková, R. ; Klempíř, J. ; Pokorný, M. ; Krupička, R. ; Kauler, J. ; Hansíková, H. ; Motlík, Jan
Recent promising treatments for Huntington’s disease (HD) may require pre-clinical testing in large animals. In 2009, we generated HD transgenic (TgHD) minipigs with one copy encoding the N-terminal part (548 aa) of human huntingtin (HTT) with 124 CAG/CAA repeats integrated into chromosome 1 q24-q25. The successful germ line transmission occurred through four successive generations.
Oxidative stress in primary porcine fibroblasts expressing mutated huntingtin
Šmatlíková, Petra ; Askeland, G. ; Vaškovičová, Michaela ; Klíma, Jiří ; Motlík, Jan ; Eide, L. ; Ellederová, Zdeňka
Molecular events, such as protein aggregation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and transcriptional dysregulation have been linked to Huntington’s disease (HD) pathogenesis. Oxidative stress has been considered as one of the key players in disease progression. Though, it is still not clear whether oxidative stress causes HD, or if it is a consequence of other primary events.
Mitochondrial phenotype in minipig model transgenic for N-terminal part of human mutated huntingtin
Hansíková, H. ; Rodinová, M. ; Křížová, J. ; Dosoudilová, Z. ; Štufková, H. ; Bohuslavová, Božena ; Klíma, Jiří ; Juhás, Štefan ; Ellederová, Zdeňka ; Motlík, Jan ; Zeman, J.
Huntington’s disease (HD) is neurodegenerative disorder caused by an abnormal expansion of CAG repeat encoding a polyglutamine tract of huntingtin (htt). It has been postulated that mitochondria dysfunction may play significant role in the pathophysiology of the HD. But it is still not known yet in detail how mitochondria are able to cover energy needs of the cells during the progression of the HD.
Evaluation of strategies for humanization of the entire porcine HTT locus
Vochozková, Petra ; Klymiuk, N. ; Wolf, E. ; Ellederová, Zdeňka ; Motlík, Jan
Because fully suitable large animal models are still lacking for Huntington´s disease, we would like to generate a new minipig model which will have an entirely humanized HTT locus. Given the large size of the HTT gene (approx. 160 kb) we will test two different approaches to humanize the porcine HTT locus in porcine kidney cells (PKCs).
Establishing preclinical proof-of-concept of gene therapy for Huntington disease
Miniariková, J. ; Juhás, Štefan ; Caron, N. ; Spronck, L. ; Vallés, A. ; De Haan, M. ; Blits, B. ; Ellederová, Zdeňka ; van Deventer, S. ; Petry, H. ; Southwell, A. ; Déglon, N. ; Motlík, Jan ; Konstantinová, P. ; Evers, M.
Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CAG trinucleotide repeat expansion in the HTT gene. The translated expanded polyglutamine repeat in the huntingtin protein is known to cause toxic gain-of-function, affecting numerous cellular processes. Our approach involves a new therapeutic modality by developing a single (one-time) treatment for HD based on a gene therapy lowering the expression of the toxic huntingtin using the RNA interference (RNAi) mechanism. Huntingtin lowering is achieved using gene transfer of a cassette encoding an engineered microRNA targeting human HTT, delivered via adeno-associated viral vector serotype 5 (AAV5-miHTT).
AAV-mediated delivery in large animals
Blits, B. ; De Haan, M. ; Evers, M. ; Spronck, E. A. ; Motlík, Jan ; Bohuslavová, Božena ; Ellederová, Zdeňka ; Lewis, O. T. ; Johnson, D. ; Woolley, M. ; Gill, S. ; van Deventer, S. ; Konstantinová, P. ; Petry, H.
Gene therapy is an attractive option for treatment of neurological diseases. Delivery of the therapeutic gene at the proper location is key for an effective treatment and remains challenging, especially in larger animals. For translation from smaller (rodents) to larger animals, dimensions are different, but also the immune system plays a more prominent role in larger animals. Direct intracranial parenchymal infusions usually result in local transduction of tissue, whereas intrathecal infusions result in a more widespread transduction in the brain. Depending on the indication, the desired expression pattern of the therapeutic gene is to be elucidated and is dictating the route of infusion.
Monitoring of the development of the Huntington's disease in transgenic minipigs with N-terminal part of human mutated huntingtin: biochemical and motoric changes of F0, F1 and F2 generation
Kučerová, Šárka ; Ellederová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Klempíř, Jiří (referee)
Huntington's disease (HD) belongs to neurodegenerative disorders. It is a monogenic disease caused by trinucleotic CAG expansion in exon 1 of gene coding protein huntingtin. Even though the cause of HD is known since 1993, the pathophysiology and cure for HD reminds to be found. The animal models are being used for better understanding of HD. The most common animal models for HD are rodents, especially mice but it was also important to create large animal models, which will be more like human. Therefore, TgHD minipig was created in Academic of Science in Liběchov in 2009. This model was created by microinjection of lentiviral vector carrying N-terminal part of human HTT with 124 repetitive CAG in exon 1. This model is viable and in every generation, is part of the offspring transgenic. In this thesis, I specialized to biochemical and behavioral changes of this model. I compared transgenic and wild type siblings. I found that biochemical changes are manifested mostly by increased level of mtHtt fragments in testes and brain. In behavioral part of this thesis I established new methods for testing behavioral changes in this model. The introduced methods showed some changes between wild type and transgenic animals at the tested ages but these changes were not significant due to the low number of...
Generation of large animal models using genome editing
Dvořáková, Nikola ; Ellederová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Kašpárek, Petr (referee)
The principle of gene engineering is the intervention to the DNA of the studied organism. After the discovery of the programmed endonucleases, there has been a great expansion of this technique and it also accelerated the possibilities to create large animal models. Until recently, large animal models were very difficult to be generated. These endonucleases include zinc finger nuclease (ZFN), transcription activator like effector nuclease (TALEN) and CRISPR/Cas9. All endonucleases produce locally specific splicing in the targeted segment of the genome. This splicing is most easily corrected by the non-homologous ends joining (NHEJ), so then it is possible to create a so -called knock-out (KO) model. The second type of repair is homologous recombination (HR) using a DNA template with homologous arms. This makes it possible to create a knock-in (KI) model that cannot be created without specific endonucleases in large animal models due to the low natural HR. This work summarizes the history, technique and the use of programmed endonucleases for the creation of large animal models. These models have a great use in biomedicine, mostly in preclinical research, they are also significant in agriculture and even in the environment protection. Key words: large animal model, transgenesis, genome editing,...

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