National Repository of Grey Literature 79 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Molecular mechanisms of sleep homeostasis
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Spišská, Veronika (advisor) ; Rydzyková, Tereza (referee)
Sleep is an essential physiological process driven by a circadian system with its main endogenous pacemaker in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of hypothalamus (SCN) and by sleep homeostasis, a process reflecting time spent awake. This work is focused on basic characteristics of sleep, describes the two process model of sleep regulation and sleep homeostasis theory which connects synaptic plasticity with sleep. Next it describes the function and principles of the circadian system including the synthesis of melatonin and the principles of homeostatic sleep regulation. Within the sleep homeostasis, the focus is on the role of dopamine, prostaglandin D2 and especially adenosine. Next are discussed genes involved in sleep homeostasis and connecting it with synaptic plasticity. Last are mentioned alterations in homeostatic regulation of sleep in people suffering from depression and the final chapter focuses on the interactions between circadian and homeostatic process, particularly on the role of clock genes in sleep homeostasis. Key words: sleep, circadian system, sleep homeostasis, adenosine
The transfer of the Germans from Jindřichův Hradec
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Stehlík, Michal (referee)
The transfer of the Germans took place after the Second World War and it could be divided into two stages - a wild transfer and an organized transfer. Jindřichův Hradec was mainly a Czech town, where just 5 percent of the Germans lived before the war. After the Munich Agreement had been signed, Jindřichův Hradec was attached to the Second Republic. However, the town became a Czech peninsula as the most of its surroundings was the part of the Third Reich. During the war the germanization of citizens took place in Jindřichův Hradec and the post-war transfer was also conducted there as it happened in many other places after the Second World War. The main part of my thesis deals with the transfer of the Germans from the town as well as the closest villages. The aim of this study was to investigate how the transfer was carried out, how many people had to leave and on the other hand how many of them were permitted to stay and why. Furthermore I also address the establishment of detention camps and folk justice. The thesis covers not only the progress of the whole transfer but it takes into consideration turning points which could have affected it as well as it could have had an impact on the post-war situation. The study is proceeded mainly from local primary sources, especially a fund Okresní úřad...
Criminal aspects of corruption
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
Criminal Aspects of Corruption Corruption is currently a serious social problem which can be dealt with by means of criminal law, by virtue of the ultima ratio principle. This thesis deals with the issue of corruption from the perspective of substantive criminal law, especially with bribery offences included in the third part of Title X of the special part of the Czech Criminal Code. The introductory part is focused on general issues of corruption, including problematic aspects of the definition of this term and characterization of various forms of corruption. It also includes a subchapter that focuses on efforts to measure corruption and to compare the corruption situation in various countries. The main focus of this work then lies in the analysis of the current legislation of the offences of bribery. It is considered whether it allows effective sanctioning of bribery offenders, whether it acts as a suitable mean of deterring potential offenders, and whether it meets other general requirements, such as certainty of the offences. Attention is furthermore paid to the key notions of corruption offences, such as the notion of bribe or the general interest, and the interpretative problems associated with them. Subsequently, the individual crimes are analyzed, for which the conclusions expressed by...
Process of Czech Audiovisual Legislation after 1989: Multiple Streams Framework Perspective
Pok, František ; Novotný, Vilém (advisor) ; Czesany Dvořáková, Tereza (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the process of creating an Audiovisual Act in the context of the transformation of audiovisual legislation in the Czech Republic after 1989. Although there was increasing pressure on change over time, as the original legislation did not reflect the epoch and was inadequate, this process lasted almost twenty years. The aim of the thesis is to understand the dynamics of the change in the process of creating audiovisual legislation, focusing on Act No. 496/2012 Coll. Next, identify the actors and factors that have had the greatest impact on policy change. To do so, this work uses and applies the theoretical framework of the Multiple Streams Framework, through which it sets the basic prerequisites for research. The methodological approach is a qualitative research and a research design of a single-case study. In terms of data collection, the text is based on six expert semi-structured interviews that form the base of primary research. Subsequent data are in the form of various documents, studies, press and annual reports, stenographies from the Chamber of Deputies, or, for example, the talk shows in which the process was discussed. Data analysis was conducted using thematic coding technique. Audiovisual legislation entered the political agenda in 2006, but it did not...
Film Audience and Film Culture in the City of Velvary
Krampera, Jan ; Czesany Dvořáková, Tereza (advisor) ; Klimeš, Ivan (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the analysis of the film audience and film culture in the city of Velvary. The main goal is to reconstruct the history of the cinema with the help of historical documents and interviews with local residents. The second part of the thesis analyses film program. The thesis tries to look at the program throughout its structure, dates of the projections, audience attendance and ticket prices. The last part focuses on the questionnaire which helps to analyse the local spectator. The most important part of the research is to find out how the current spectator feels about the cinema. The result of this bachelor thesis is the history of a particular small town cinema, its program structure from 1960 to 1999 and the research of the current audience in the city of Velvary.
Animation on the Periphery
Hanáková, Veronika ; Czesany Dvořáková, Tereza (advisor) ; Kubíček, Jiří (referee)
The thesis attempts to precisely describe the production of animation in the context of the state- socialist mode of production. Through the question of "autonomy" for cartoons and puppets films in the era of Kamil Pixa (1969-1985), we will try to specify the position of animation within the re- centralized organization and dramaturgical section in the Short Film. In the context of the normalization period, animation had a different position and function compared to the feature films. Using the example of a studio in Čiklova Street, we outline a model of making a puppet film that was more like a "craft workshop" that retained its notional autonomy as long as it had its own space.
Nutritional and functional status of clients living in homes for the elderly
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Vágnerová, Tereza (advisor) ; Mádlová, Pavla (referee)
Objectives: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the nutritional status and physical performance of the individuals over 65 years living in home for the elderly and as the main research question to assess whether there is a correlation between impaired nutritional status and worsened physical performance in older adults. Also tests whether the unwanted weight loss for the last 3 month affects impaired results in a standardized SPPB test and handgrip test. And finally, verify whether the optimal BMI valided for the elderly predispozes a good physical performance and considered as a protective factor in case of frailty - on functional status. Methods: The research was executed by a quantitative method with the investigation of respondents as a data collection technique. To elaborate the practical part and answer the research questions were used outputs from nutritional status testing (BMI, nutritional status according to MNA-FF, SMI) and functional evaluation (dynamometry, SPPB battery). The results of these variables diagnosed seniors in the norm, at risk and with pathology. Results: The resulting research sample consisted of 40 seniors, of whom 29 were women (72,5 %) and 11 were men (27,5 %). The normal nutritional status was found in the majority of participants - 67,5 %, the risk...
Functional analysis of the design and used material suitability of the turbo-blower heat shield in terms of reliability in the conditions of a common road motor vehicle operation
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Kotek, Luboš (referee) ; Krbalová, Maria (advisor)
Diploma thesis deals with solving of the problem with heat shield used in a turbocharger for heavy duty vehicles. The description of the problem origin with focus on environmental standarts and therefore a need of changes in turbocharger construction, is included. Further, the procedure for finding the component failure causes using the results of stress tests and analyses performed is described step by step. Most of the practical part is focused on a use of quality tools for finding a root cause of heat shield failure and also on advanced material analysis, verifying the results from quality analysis performed. An the end of the thesis there are suggested and accepted measures for elimination of similar failure recurrence and recommendations for further development.
The opportunities and obstacles of active leisure time from the perspective of the secondary school students
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Nováková, Daniela (advisor) ; Mojžíšová, Jarmila (referee)
The thesis called "The opportunities and obstacles of active leisure time from the perspective of the high school students" deals with the leisure time of selected high school students. The main aim is get information about their possibilities and obstacles in their leisure time. The theoretical part focuses on the themes leisure time and the development period of adolescence across chapters. That part does not miss the related theme of motivation, lifestyle and technology in leisure time. The practical part evaluates the questionnaire survey and examines activities high school students in their free time, and finds out their possibilities and barriers in their leisure time. Finally, I realized an analysis of leisure institutions and created an online map of leisure institutions where students can spend their time and be active. Beneficial for pedagogical practice are results of the survey which provide feedback for the school, but also for pedagogical practice in high school in general.
Elektronic identification of persons in private law relationships
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Frinta, Ondřej (advisor) ; Thöndel, Alexandr (referee)
Electronic identification of persons in private law relationships Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the topic of electronic identification of persons in private law relationships. It defines all types of electronic identifiers, which can be used in private law relationships by both legal entities and so natural persons. This paper summarizes the young and not for long used legislations. This legislation is not often used in practice and for that reason it has the only commentary. The case law for this problematics is also lacking and that is why it could not be used as one of the sources, despite that it is in many cases one of the most used and valuable sources. This thesis analyses not only the legal aspects of the electronic identification, but also the technological aspects, which it tries to explain even to the readers, who can be absolutely untouched by the world of information technology. At the same time this diploma thesis provides instructions for potential users of instruments of electronic identification, who can be distrustful and insecure of its first time user experience. The minor part of this thesis deals with the history of electronic identification. This section is not extremely extensive due to the fact, that history of his phenomenon goes only about hundred years to the past. The...

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47 DVOŘÁKOVÁ, Tereza
2 Dvořáková, Terezie
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