National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Influence of crystalloid and colloid solutions on blood coagulation using the rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) method
Binterová, Silvie ; Durila, Miroslav (advisor) ; Vaněk, Tomáš (referee) ; Bláha, Jan (referee)
Fluid resuscitation with crystalloid and colloid solutions is a common treatment in perioperative medicine. However, a variety of unbalanced or balanced solutions is used in clinical practice and there is still a vivid debate going on regarding the selection of optimal fluid with minimal negative effect on coagulation. The goal of the dissertation was to investigate the adverse effect of balanced crystalloids and colloids on whole blood coagulation measured by method of rotational thromboelastometry. In the first phase of the work we had assessed the adverse effect of balanced crystalloid, hydroxyethyl starch and gelatin after dilution of blood with the solution in vitro. Parametrs of EXTEM and FIBTEM tests were evaluated by using rotational thromboelastometry. In the second phase of the work we evaluated the negative effect of infusion solution after dilution in vivo. We had obtained blood samples from 30 patients during knee arthroscopy before and after administration of 500 ml of crystalloid or hydroxyethyl starch or gelatin. Parametrs of EXTEM and FIBTEM tests were evaluated by using rotational thromboelastometry.In compliance with the results of the dissertation, hydroxyethyl starch has the most obvious negative effect on clot formation followed by gelatin and finally by crystalloids. Based on...
The use of thromboelastography (TEG) in the evaluation of coagulation in patients on intensive care unit (ICU)
Durila, Miroslav ; Cvachovec, Karel (advisor) ; Stříteský, Martin (referee) ; Kovářová Kudrnová, Zuzana (referee)
Patients in the intensive care unit are in critical condition which is often accompanied by a coagulation disorder. Sepsis as a leading cause of death in critically ill patients may be associated with both hypercoagulable state with microtrombi formation in microcirculation and with increased production of endogenous heparinoids with inhibitory effects on blood clotting. Central venous catheter and arterial catheter are established in patients for hemodynamic monitoring and these are flushed with heparin to prevent their closure. Both inputs are used for blood sampling for laboratory tests such as blood count and coagulation parameters, including thromboelastography (TEG). In the first step of the work, arterio-venous differences in coagulation parameters were investigated in patients with sepsis. Higher concentration of D-dimers and lower antithrombin activity were found in venous blood. This finding can be explained by increased antithrombin consumption in hypercoagulable state and reactive hyperfibrinolysis. Inconsistency in the site of blood sampling may then lead to misinterpretation of the pathophysiological processes in the body. No significant differences were found in TEG parameters. In the second step of the work we examined how heparin commonly used for catheter flushing affects TEG-assessed...

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