National Repository of Grey Literature 75 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Proposition of new type of injection material with electrically conductive function
Uher, Vojtěch ; Černý, Vít (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
The bachelor thesis deals with the design of a new type of grouting material with electrically conductive function suitable for connecting cracks and gaps in building protection systems against lightning strikes and surges. The theoretical part summarizes the important knowledge about the grouting and grouting materials, introduces the current state of knowledge in the field of lightning and surge protection of buildings and also the preconditions of electrical conductivity of cement-based composite materials. In the practical part are summarized selected properties, which the electrically conductive grouting material should have and the relevant standards tests for experimental verification of selected properties are described. A wide range of primary and secondary fillers are studied and the most suitable ones are chosen to achieve a low electrical resistivity value. At the end of the thesis, there are recipes based on amassed knowledge and using secondary fillers to reduce the environmental impact of the developed materials during mass production. Reduced resistivity has been demonstrated in recipes using waste carbon and chopped carbon fibers, but has failed to fully meet standard requirements. The result of the work are new recipes and knowledge that can serve as a basis for further research.
Design of chemically resistant coatings using secondary raw materials and hazardous waste
Stodolovská, Šárka ; Jakubík, Aleš (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
On the basis of theoretical knowledge gained from Czech and foreign technical literature, two types of coatings using fillers based on secondary raw materials, including hazardous waste, is designed and experimentally verified. The expected use of the proposed coating systems, both PREMIUM and ECOLOGY, is the protection of building structures that are permanently stressed by increased chemical stress. When designing the PREMIUM coating material, emphasis is primarily focused on chemical resistance and functional parameters, and the ecological performance of the raw materials used is monitored primarily with the ECOLOGY coating material. In both cases, it is important to maintain a favorable price / value ratio.
Desin of new technologies for invert grouting of masonry sewer
Dolák, Martin ; Melichar, Tomáš (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
The subject of this work is to find optimal grouting mixture for repairing existing brick sewer with insistence on ecological modesty. Secondary raw and waste materials will be evaluated as a partial replacement of good-quality materials, that are commonly used. Production wastes for which is after necessary adjustment found usage in another sphere of production are named secondary raw materials. In the end will be made a selection of appropriate secondary raw materials for a project of new technology of back grouting identified for repairing currently used brick sewers.
Research of soil reuse technology in the form of self-compacting grouts
Michalčíková, Magdaléna ; Kolář,, Karel (referee) ; Turček,, Peter (referee) ; Sokolář, Radomír (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
The increasing volume of waste of all kinds is currently a phenomenon of economically developed society and one of the problems of environmental protection. It is therefore imperative, in the interest of sustainable development, to monitor impacts related to the impact on our ecology, to regulate waste production by legislation and universally promote their reuse and recycling. Construction and demolition waste occupy a significant share of the total waste volume. This category also includes excavated soils. Recycling of these materials could significantly reduce the amount of landfilled waste and at the same time, these materials could be used as an important source of secondary raw materials. The doctoral thesis describes the research and development of the new technology of reuse soils in the form of self-compacting grouts. The result of the solution will be a suspension of optimal rheological properties, providing a perfect leaking around the stored utility networks. Emphasis will be placed on the study of the interaction of different types of soils with the stabilizers, flowable or plasticizing additives and its typical dispersible substance, including verification of the developed technology in situ.
Hodul, Jakub ; Klečka,, Tomáš (referee) ; Ďurica,, Tibor (referee) ; Bydžovský, Jiří (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
The doctoral thesis deals with finding the use of some waste and secondary raw materials in the production of special polymer remediation materials for concrete, which could be applied even in constructions, where extreme mechanical and chemical load is occurred. The aim of this doctoral thesis is experimental examination of the possibility of using selected types of waste, including hazardous waste which represent the highest risk to environment, and secondary raw materials as a substitute for the currently used primary fillers in order to reduce the ecological footprint of the product itself. Some types of secondary raw materials, such as filter fly ash contaminated by flue gas denitrification process, are no longer used as a concrete admixture or partial cement substitution due to unwanted release of toxic ammonia (NH3). Mainly for this reason, the thesis deals with the progressive utilization of such types of secondary raw materials as well as with another currently unused waste into polymeric patching, grouting and anchoring materials while preserving or improving the final properties compared to reference materials using only primary raw materials. The result of this thesis is to find out suitable formulations for efficient preparation of special polymeric remediation materials for concrete containing waste and secondary raw materials as fillers. The partial aim of the thesis and a the scientific contribution is an observation of the developed materials internal structure using a modern device, CT tomography, an influence of the filler type on the long-term durability, and last but not least the observation of the rate of pollutants incorporation, found in hazardous waste, into the polymeric matric with the aid of EDX and FTIR analysis.
Development of highly resistant composite using secondary raw materials and cast basalt
Černý, Pavel ; Jakubík, Aleš (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with development of high resistant composite, which brings its properties closer to the melted basalt products. This fact will allow substitution of basalt elements in hostile chemical environment by newly developed material and completes its product line. High resistant composite also consists of secondary raw material in highest possible amount. Material that is being evolved carries high strength, abrasion resistance and is also resistable in hostile chemical environment.
Development of chemically resistant sprayed mixture
Hermann, Radek ; Dohnálek,, Pavel (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
Production wastes for which a direct use in another production is found become secondary raw materials. There are several institutions in Czech Republic and in the world, which are currently dealing with the issue. This thesis deals with the issue of cementitious spray concrete mixtures and deals with the possibilities of using secondary raw materials and waste from production as partial replacement of binder and filler in these mixtures. The aim of this theses is to optimize the composition of additives in the recipe of the commercially produced pray mixture and to verify the influence of the degree of substitution of binder or filler by secondary raw materials on its physical-mechanical properties. The aim is to maintain or increase these properties while substituting the binder and filler as much as possible. After the evaluation of results, it is possible to say, by suitable optimization of the additives it is possible to achieve a significant improvement of the physical-mechanical properties of the mass and furthermore, from the results of this thesis follows, that by substitution of 100% fine filler in combination with substitution of 30% binder it is possible to maintain or increase the physical-mechanical properties after 28 days of curing and to significantly increase these properties after 90 days of curing. The results of this thesis are also related to the reduction of economic impact on production of the spray mixture, mainly due to the use of secondary raw materials.
Development of adhesive material for the installation of basalt elements on silicate foundations under severe exposure conditions
Bergerová, Kamila ; Jakubík, Aleš (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with research and subsequent development of a new adhesive material for the installation of nonabsorbent basalt elements on silicate foundations under severe exposure conditions. For commercially produced tile adhesives, only primary raw materials are used as fillers. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the possibility of utilization of secondary raw materials as fillers in the tile adhesive. The thesis is mainly focused on the durability of these materials after exposure to the aggressive environment.
Anchor silicate expansion material with increased temperature resistance
Müller, Jiří ; Luňáček,, Martin (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
This master thesis deals with the development of an expansive anchor material. This material is intended especially for the engineering and power industry where the operating conditions cause thermal stresses of the anchor. In order to meet the requirements for a firm and secure connection of the anchored part, it is necessary to achieve excellent physical-mechanical properties of the developed material such as high compressive strength, high tensile strength based on the base, and resistance to thermal stresses till 200 ° C. All of these processes must be achieved after the ageing of the cement material. Due to the current trend of modern materials that are environmentally friendly, the use of partial replacements for Portland cement is used as a substitute for a primary binder.
Possibilities of utilisation different types of fly ashes in the production of oxidized asphalt insulation strips
Sklenářová, Radka ; Sokol, Pavel (referee) ; Drochytka, Rostislav (advisor)
Reducing the impact of modern industrial production on the environment and reducing the waste generated is undoubtedly one of the most discussed topics of the present time. In the production of fossil-fueled electricity, a large amount of fine-grained waste fly ash is generated. The possible use of ash as secondary raw materials in the construction and building materials industry is one of the many environmental challenges that the energy industry is concerned with. The aim of this diploma thesis was to verify possibilities of utilization of different kinds of power station fly ash as filler in asphalt mixtures for the production of oxidized asphalt insulation strips. The main emphasis was put on the clarification of the influence of the properties of the different types of fly ashes on the resulting rheological behavior of the mixture of asphalt binder and power fly ash, which is professionally called mastic. Mastic forms a technology-critical insulating layer in the asphalt insulation strip. The prediction of the rheological properties and therefore the workability of mastic appears to be an essential element in the management of production, especially under the conditions of the variability of input raw materials. In order to solve the assigned task it was necessary to perform detailed analyzes of fly ash properties, to select the corresponding quantification variable for assessment of the mastic processability and to find the signal fly ash properties, which appears to be a control parameter of workability. As a suitable method for assessing the processability of mastic, a shear viscosity measurement method was chosen. On the basis of the findings, it is possible to state that the use of fly ash from the production of oxidized asphalt bands is not recommended as the mastic prepared from these fly ashes are unprocessed at the assumed concentrations. The negative effect of fly ash after denitrification on the mastic processability has not been demonstrated.

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