National Repository of Grey Literature 30 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Private law instruments of environmental protection
Vévoda, Jan ; Derlich, Stanislav (referee)
Private law instruments of environmental protection Abstract Private law deals primarily with the regulation of relations between individuals and the protection of their individual rights, whether personal or property. The aim of this dissertation is therefore to determine whether and how the instruments of private law can be used to protect the environment. For this purpose, an analysis of the relevant private law institutes has been carried out, such as the protection of the personality, neighbourhood law, and the prevention and compensation of damage, which are the most important means of protecting the rights of an individual. Protection of personality in private law is primarily designed to protect the life, health and privacy, but it is useful to indirectly protect the environment from the effects that these values threaten, as shown by extensive decision-making practice of the European Court of Human Rights. The right to live in a favourable environment is a new institute in Czech civil law, which could have a great potential for environmental protection purposes, but it still lacks a more detailed regulation and there is also no case law. Neighbourhood law serves to protect the real estate owners against the disruptive effects of the activities of their neighbours. These are referred to as imissions...
Legal regulation of watersourse protection
Altmann, Martin ; Sobotka, Michal (advisor) ; Derlich, Stanislav (referee)
Thesis title: Legal regulation of watercourse protection Abstract Watercourses are the most important form of surface water occurrence in the Czech Republic, and therefore their condition also significantly affects the overall state of all our aquatic ecosystems. Despite of it, the ecological and chemical status of watercourses is still not satisfying. This fact requires an increase in the efficiency and complexity of their legal protection, which is the subject of this thesis. The aim of the first part of this thesis is to describe the national legal regulation of watercourses protection in the context of European and international law. At present, national and international legislation is significantly influenced by European legislation provided by the Water Framework Directive. The first part pays attention to the instruments of national legislation, that are relevant to the second part of the work. The first aim of the second part of this thesis is to analyse the basic measures proposed in the two selected sub-basins in order to achieve the objectives of the Water Framework Directive, particularly the good water status. Following this analysis, the second aim is to find out what specific instruments the current legislation provides for the realization of the proposed measures and whether these...
Legal protection of farm animals against cruelty
Kaletová, Gabriela ; Derlich, Stanislav (advisor) ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (referee)
Legal protection of farm animals against cruelty The thesis deals with the protection of farm animals against cruelty and its main goal is to evaluate the current state of legislation in this field, with respect to both theory and praxis. The thesis comprises of five chapters excluding introduction and summary. The summary sums ups all the findings introduced in the thesis and presents de lege ferenda ideas. The first two chapters define basic terms crucial for the topic and also introduce the historical basis of farm animal legal protection. The current legislation is dealt with at first at the international and European level in chapter three. More attention is naturally given to legal protection of farm animals in the Czech Republic, especially to enforcement of the farm animal protection laws. This enables the thesis to eventually evaluate how effectively farm animals are protected by law in our country. Chapter number five tries to answer the fundamental question behind this thesis; is the current legislation at such a level that would ensure that farm animals are indeed protected against cruelty and that would ensure their good welfare? The thesis uses knowledge from scientific fields such as ethology to be able to answer this question and evaluate the practical impact of the legislation on animal...
Legal regulation of protection of farm animals against cruelty
Váňová, Barbara ; Derlich, Stanislav (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
Diploma thesis - Legal regulation of protection of farm animals against cruelty This diploma thesis on Legal regulation of protection of farm animals against cruelty divides into five chapters (excluding the introduction and conclusion). The first chapter explains the relevant terminology. The second chapter concentrates on history of animal rights and philosophical aspects of these rights as well as on animals as subjects of law. The following chapters focus on applicable relevant legislation. The third chapter deals with international animal welfare agreements and relevant EU legislation. The fourth, most important, chapter summarizes the legislation on the protection of farm animals against maltreatment in the legal order of the Czech Republic. This chapter gradually focuses on both public and private law. Finally, the fifth chapter brings a comparison of the domestic legislation on the protection of farm animals against cruelty with the legislation of the Hellenic Republic.
Legal regulation of air quality protection
Jelínek, Jan ; Derlich, Stanislav (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
Legal Regulation of Air Quality Protection Abstract This diploma thesis provides an overview of the legislation on air quality in the Czech Republic with a focus on the regulation in the Act No. 201/2012 Coll., on air protection including a detailed analysis of some problematic aspects and current issues. Air pollution is the actual global issue that is discussed not only in the Czech Republic but also all over the world, mainly because of the harmful effects on human health and the environment. This paper is organized as follows. The introductory chapter defines the necessary terms, which are essential to the following text of the paper. This chapter also describes the distribution of air pollutant sources and the importance of this distribution for subsequent obligations. The next chapter provides an overview of the historical development of Czech, international and European air quality legislation following by chapters, where the individual types of regulatory instruments to reduce air pollution are analyzed. The chapter on conceptual instruments mainly focuses on the National Emission Reduction Programme of the Czech Republic and an Air Quality Improvement Programs, including an analysis of the changes brought by the amendment to the Air Protection Act implemented by Act No. 172/2018 Coll. Moreover...
Legal regulation of trade in CITES specimens
Krejčová, Iveta ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Derlich, Stanislav (referee)
Excessive usage of wildlife is the second most common cause of species decline on our planet, and thus one of the direct threats to biodiversity. Since biodiversity has a virtually existential significance for the well-being of people, it needs to be cared for in order to slow down its decline. The aim of this thesis is to analyze and evaluate legal regulations at the international, EU, and Czech level, to present the instruments and institutes used to regulate the trade in CITES specimens, and to propose solutions for potential problems. Where deemed necessary or appropriate, a comparison of international legal regulations with EU and Czech legislation is made. This thesis is divided into 6 chapters that are further internally subdivided into subchapters. The first chapter deals with the importance of trade in endangered species of fauna and flora in relation to the loss of biodiversity. The second chapter provides an overview of the legal regulation governing trade in endangered species at different levels (international, EU, and Czech). The third chapter introduces the individual bodies responsible for the implementation of the Convention CITES (or Regulation No. 338/97) at international, EU, and Czech level. The Czech national authorities are classified according to the Act no. 100/2004 by the...
Legal regulation of special territorial conservation of nature in the Czech Republic and in the State of Israel
Šichmanová, Kateřina ; Derlich, Stanislav (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the analysis and comparison of the legal regulation of special territorial nature protection in the Czech Republic and the State of Israel. The main aim of the diploma thesis is to provide an overview of the legal regimes pertaining to special territorial nature protection in the compared countries and to confront different legal institutes and thus draw attention to some problematic aspects of the present law. The thesis is divided into 5 chapters. The first chapter provides an introduction and is followed by the second chapter, which deals with the legal regulation of the special territorial nature protection in the Czech Republic and it is divided into five parts. The first part of the second chapter briefly introduces the historical development of establishing specially protected areas and also describes former legal regimes of the special territorial nature protection. Since national and international legal regulation in this field are closely connected, the thesis emphasises the most important international treaties in the sphere of special territorial nature conservation, including the legal framework of the European Union. The third part is concerned with classifications of the specially protected areas in the Czech Republic and the process of their...
Legal regulation of the creating and protection of the Natura 2000 network
Jiráková, Jana ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Derlich, Stanislav (referee)
1 Abstract This thesis deals with a complete legal analysis of the process of the creation and the protection of the Natura 2000 network. The Natura 2000 system is a system of protected areas created on its territory by all EU Member States. Its aim is to protect the rarest and the most endangered species of wild plants, wildlife and natural habitat types occurring within the European Union. At the heart of the network there are two key legal acts of secondary legislation on nature protection, namely Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conservation of wild birds and Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats. The diploma thesis is structured into five voluminous chapters. In the first chapter, the author mentions international treaties which, with their subject-matter of protection, intertwine with the natura's directives and (not only) laid the foundation for their later admission. In the second chapter entitled Natura 2000, in the context of EU law, it draws attention to both the basic EU legal acts which gave rise to the Natura 2000 network but also to important soft law documents and the Regulation 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on non- native invasive species whose interdependence with the said Directives is beyond...
Remedial measures in the protection of environment
Málek, Jiří ; Derlich, Stanislav (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
In the field of environmental law, some people consider the most important provisions enforcing environmental standards. However, not only in law, it is necessary to think about situations in which the subjects do not respect the law and adjust their responsibility in the event of violation of their duties. Without adjusting the remedial measures, the restoration would only be a moral obligation. Under such circumstances, the measures would be mostly financed by the state and there would not be any possibility of regression to the originator. That is the reason, why effective remedial measures, which can be characterized as a frontier institute between prevention and sanctioning, are needed. At present, remedies can be imposed through a relatively diverse range of legislation, of which the most important should be Act No. 167/2008 Coll., On Prevention of Environmental Damage and its Remedy. Remedial measures are, however, usually imposed on the basis of constituent laws for which the imposition of sanctions and corrective measures is not linked to the occurrence of environmental damage but to a specific breach of the obligations laid down. The environmental authorities are thus proceeding also because even before the effectiveness of Act No. 167/2008 Coll. there was a relatively high level of...

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