National Repository of Grey Literature 54 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Psychical distance and the question of aesthetic relevance of lower senses
Osičková, Klaudie ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the aesthetic potential of lower senses. This topic has repeatedly become the cornerstone of the acceptance of the theories of aesthetic experience. This work will be viewed primarily by the prism of the concept of psychical distance introduced by Edward Bullough. Not only does Bullough devote himself to the problem of inferior senses in connection with the aesthetic experience, but to his reflections are returned and followed by many other authors dealing with this topic in the second half of the twentieth century (Arnold Berleant, Carolyn Korsmeyer, Allen Casebier or George Dickie). The work should present both the problem of the distinction between lower and higher senses, as well as the critique of the solution of this topic, based on the concept of psychical distance, in the light of (often rather critical) reception of this notion by Anglo-American aesthetic thinking of the second half of the twentieth century. Keywords lower senses * psychical distance * Edward Bullough * aesthetic experience
Baudelaire's "aesthetic curiosities"
Polcerová, Barbora ; Jarošová, Helena (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on aesthetic thinking of Charles Baudelaire. I will mostly focus on Baudelaire's theoretic works between critical thoughts about art and reflection on a changing society. As the key source I will use Baudelaire's 'salons' about art and the essay The Painter of Modern Life from 1863 where he defines the term modernity. In the final part of the thesis I will concentrate on Baudelaire's thinking in the view of aesthetic theory of the 20th century. My primary source will be the works of Walter Benjamin who wrote a collection of essays about Baudelaire and considered him the first modern author. He uses Baudelaire's thoughts for making observations about urbanism and modernity. These observations go beyond art theory and we can understand them as reflection of historical and social changes in Paris of the 19th century which is relevant also to theories of the 20th century. Powered by TCPDF (
The Perspectives of the Concept of the Aesthetic Experience in the Work of Richard Shusterman
Pejšová, Veronika ; Dadejík, Ondřej (advisor) ; Kaplický, Martin (referee)
The main theme of the thesis is the position of the concept of the aesthetic experience on the field of the contemporary esthetics. As the one of the most basic concepts of the modern-age esthetics the esthetic experience was criticized from the different views in the last half century. But at the same time in the last decades, this concept is effort to reinterpret and keep as the meaningful and functional one at the frame of discourse of the esthetic theory from few related reasons (revival of the philosophical pragmatism, re-thinking of the Kant's esthetic theory etc.). The closer topic of the thesis is the defense of the neo pragmatically oriented interpretation of the concept of the esthetic experience in the work of Richard Shusterman. The thesis should point out not only the Shusterman's arguments, which support the sustainability of the pragmatism approach of the esthetic experience's concept, but also the attitudes that prevent the sustaining of this point of view. The attention will be focused mainly on Shusterman's interpretation of Dewey's conception "The art as the experiences" and in the end on Shusterman's theme - Somaesthetics, that related with Dewey's pragmatism too. Key words: aesthetic experience, pagmatism, Richard Shusterman, somaesthetic
Symbol and Feeling in Aesthetics of Susanne K. Langer
Brom, Pavel ; Kaplický, Martin (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
(in English): The thesis is attempting to present theory of art by Susanne Langer. In the first phase it presents her view of perception, which is deeply intertwined with other processes of our mind. Therefore, the thesis is focusing, in her view of perception, on basic principles of human communication and expression, which are all regulated in perspective of this theory by a concept of a symbol. A symbol is presented here as an element, which we revive through perception on one hand and project it into the perceived at other. Therefore the attempt is accompanied by explanation of all aspects of the symbol as one of the basic units operating in the mind, before focusing on perception in general. The thesis then proceeds to narrow perception, to a perception of art, in distinguishing a discoursive and non-discoursive symbol, and a specific non-discoursive symbol in art. On the basis of this distinction, the aim is to explain how Langer views the art, art creation and its value in such a realm of symbolism. In parallel with this development, from the general perception to the definition of art, the term feeling will be increasingly employed in the text. The concept will be presented also as a necessary part of our actions, communication and perception, although feeling is commonly understood as...
The Impact of scientific knowledge on Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature
Machálková, Zuzana ; Dadejík, Ondřej (advisor) ; Kaplický, Martin (referee)
The bachelor thesis is focusing on the question of the impact of the scientific knowledge on aesthetic appreciation of nature. The question is if scientific knowledge does in fact have any impact on the aesthetic appreciation of nature, and if so, how does it influence our aesthetic appreciation. The thesis is solving the question with the aid of selected authors, particularly Ronald Hepburn, Allen Carlson, Nick Zangwill and Cheryl Foster. The initial item of the thesis is to show the cleft between two attitudes, which are cognitive and formal attitudes. The thesis demonstrates how these two attitudes tackle the question of the impact of scientific knowledge on aesthetic appreciation of nature and in the final chapter it offers a new attitude, which interconnects two previous attitudes. Key words Aesthetic appreciation, enviromental aesthetics, scientific knowledge, formal attitude, cognitive attitude
Aesthetic distance
Kadlčíková, Radka ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
This work will persue with the concept of psychical distance introduced into the aesthetic theory by Edward Bullough. Psychical distance is a state in which the current "me" is separated from its affects.Psychical distance will be explained by concrete examples of the aesthetic experience. The concept of psychical distance will be applied to both - to art as well as to the common experience. Through the distance we will explain the difference between the pleasant and the beautiful. We will also deal with the role of the lower senses in aesthetic theory. The term psychical distance has been criticized by several authors.The work will also introduce some criticisms with the aim to refute or to prove their relevance for Edward Bullougha's psychical distance concept.
Metaphor as a semantic innovation
Jiráková, Kristýna ; Kubalík, Štěpán (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
The main subject of this thesis is to show metaphor as a creative and meaning- constructive use of language. This topic was primarily discussed among the philosophers of language and estheticiants linked to analytic tradition of philosophy during the second half of the 20th century. This thesis aims to show that traditional understanding of metaphor as a pure rhetoric figure (stylistic language ornament) is insufficient and, on the contrary, to introduce metaphor as a cognitive mean that on the ground of semantic innovations brings new insights and meanings. This work will follow this twist in understanding a metaphor within the debate described above and try to reconstruct elementary positions that has crystallized from this, as well as to point out the recurrent advantages and disadvatages tied up to this particular sort of issue. Key role will be represented by the analysis of meaning constitution which will be introduced as crucial for semantic theories of metaphor. Another of central terms that this work will also present, is a problem of similarity, that comes from the criticized understanding of metaphor as a mere language ornament.
Role of imagination in aesthetic appreciation of nature
Vaculová, Veronika ; Dadejík, Ondřej (advisor) ; Kaplický, Martin (referee)
The topic of this diploma thesis is the matter of the role of imagination in aesthetic appreciation of nature. Starting points of the inquiry are the concepts of Ronald W. Hepburn, Emily Brady, Marcia Muelder Eaton and others. This work tries to show, in spite of the divergencies of views that the philosophers hold, not only the differences but also similarities of their apprehensions of the role of imagination in aesthetic appreciation of nature. The aim of the thesis is among others to answer the following questions: What are the modes of imaginative activity relating to aesthetic object? What is the difference between execution of imagination in aesthetic experiencing of nature and in experiencing works of art? What is the role of exercise of imagination in developing and preserving sustainable environments? Is the cooperation of imaginative model and science- based model of aesthetic appreciation of nature possible? The first part of the work concerns the presentation of relevant approaches. The second part compares different understandings of the role of imagination in aesthetic appreciation of nature and it answers the question of how imagination relates to the discussed aesthetic object. The following parts of the work focus on answering above-mentioned questions.
The relation of science and art in Jan Patočka's philosophy
Dvořanová, Natálie ; Ševčík, Miloš (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
The objective of this thesis will be an examination of Patočka's understanding of science and art as two possible comprehensions of reality, and their mutual relation. Firstly, I will focus on presenting the position, from which Patočka's ideas come - that is the distinction of two eras - artistic and aesthetic, where the first one shows religious truths and the other one the subjective and individual world of an artist and a work of art. The aesthetical era begins in the 19th century and connects thusly to the scientific and technological period. Science according to Patočka gives us a tool (and a language) to recover objective, but binding truths. It influences all aspects of life, such as social, economical, political, and also the scientific approach to art. However, modern and contemporary art show the subjective and individual truths, but only in the scientific and technological periods. This mutual relation will be the subject of examination. Powered by TCPDF (
Charakter construction : character within fictional worlds and storyworlds
Staniševská, Aneta ; Zuska, Vlastimil (advisor) ; Dadejík, Ondřej (referee)
The thesis being presented aims to stress the differences between characters in fictional worlds and characters in storyworlds by means of question of possibilities and limits of reader's inferences. The aims of this thesis is to prove that storyworld construed as a mental model manages to avoid some problems that relate to fictional worlds theories. First chapter provides an insight into the issue of definitions and theories of character and places cognitive approaches to character within it. Since a concept of fictional world and a concept of storyworld are often construed as very alike, in the second chapter, there are two opposed opinions concerning reader's activity during a construction of fictional world; that is theories of Lubomír Doležel and Marie-Laure Ryan. By means of their mutual comparision, the distinctive status of fictional character concerning reader's inferences is being emphasized that further bears a decisive role within theory of Umberto Eco of which a core is presented in chapter three. The link between story comprehension and construction of fictional character is a centre of interest of chapter four, where cognitive approaches are represented by theories by Alan Palmer and David Herman. This chapter presents storyworld and character within it as open and fluid flexible....

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