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Application of Premiums and Discounts to the Company Valuation
Sokol, Jakub ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
In the light of the current market downturn, the need of the most accurate valuation appears to be more crucial than ever before. This thesis provides the reader with both the theoretical and practical background of the use of valuation premiums and discounts which apply directly to the value of the company reached by conventional separate valuation techniques. The most important premiums and discounts we focus our attention on are control premium/minority interest discount and lack of liquidity discount. The thesis presents an overview of the basic methodology of the theoretical concepts related to the valuation premiums and discounts. Moreover, based on a sample of 202 mergers and acquisitions transactions of the companies listed in the Central and Eastern Europe ("CEE"), we examine the size and key determinants of the control premium applicable within the CEE region.
Vliv dividendové politiky na hodnotu firmy
Říhová, Jana ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor) ; Janda, Karel (referee)
This thesis is focused on the dividend policy in the Czech Republic. We describe the basic about dividends as types of dividends, process of declaration and payments, dividend-paying methods, determinants which can influence the dividends and so on. The main part is devoted to the issue of dividend policy in the Czech Republic and its impact on the firm value. We use the event studies, based on observing the abnormal returns to shareholders around the record date. Then we apply regression of abnormal returns on relevant explanatory variables. And we also make an analysis of some of explanatory variables, as volume and dividend yield. Finally, we also shortly mention the share repurchase, the alternative to the dividend payout.
Brexit and mutual trade between the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom
Vosmanský, Jakub ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor) ; Palanský, Miroslav (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the current issue of leaving the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union, assesses the possible impact of Brexit on mutual trade between the Czech Republic and the United Kingdom and evaluates its possible impact on the Czech economy. After a brief overview of the history of the UK membership in the EU, a description of the complicated EU and UK negotiations follows. Another chapter deals with some studies and analyzes evaluating the impact of Brexit on the British economy. The following discussion concerns negotiated Withdrawal Agreement and some possible EU-UK mutual relation models after finishing the transition period - membership in the European Economic Area (Norwegian model), negotiation of a free trade agreement (Swiss model, Canadian model), withdrawal without agreement (hard Brexit). The UK is one of the most important export partners of the Czech Republic, which results from the evaluation of mutual trade exchange data. In the final part, this thesis examines the possible influence of the decline of the British economy consumption on GDP of the Czech Republic using the Input- Output analysis and evaluates the potential impact of Brexit on the mutual trade between the Czech Republic and the UK in the automotive industry....
Gold in Central Bank Reserves and Price Stability
Melnychuk, Olena ; Havránek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Dědek, Oldřich (referee)
There is a traditional view that central banks should hold enough gold in their reserves to be considered financially secure and keep low inflation. However, after the fall of the Bretton-Woods system, many central banks have been decreasing its gold reserves by converting gold into other assets and still they do not experience high inflation. This thesis aims to answer the question if gold reserves of central banks indeed positively affect price stability. We use the panel data for 110 countries for the period from 2000 to 2016. We find that there is a significant negative effect of central banks' gold reserves on inflation but only if we control the proxy variables for the financial strength of central banks. Furthermore, the significance holds only for the inflation-targeting countries, there are no significant effects for the whole data sample. JEL Classification: E31, E52, E58, F41, G11, G21 Keywords: Gold reserves, Central Banks, Inflation rate, Price Stability Author's e-mail: 73099909@fsv.cuni.cz Supervisor's e-mail: tomas.havranek@fsv.cuni.cz
Credit Derivatives Market during Recent Financial Crisis
Buzková, Petra ; Teplý, Petr (advisor) ; Tripe, David (referee) ; Witzany, Jiří (referee) ; Dědek, Oldřich (referee)
The dissertation is composed of three empirical research papers analyzing the development on credit derivatives markets in recent years characterized by the global financial crisis in 2007- 2009 and subsequent European sovereign debt crisis. The basic motivation of the thesis is to contribute to the clarification of the turbulent development on credit derivatives markets. The first paper addresses main flaws of a collateralized debt obligation (CDO) market during the global financial crisis. The second paper examines the impact of the Greek debt crisis on sovereign credit default swap (CDS) reliability. The third paper analyzes whether a resulting change in CDS terms restored confidence in CDS contracts. An introductory chapter presents a common framework for the three papers. In the first paper, we examine valuation of a Collateralized Debt Obligation (CDO) in 2007- 2009. One Factor Gaussian Copula Model is presented and five hypotheses regarding CDO sensitivity to entry parameters are analyzed. Four main deficiencies of the CDO market are then articulated: i) an insufficient analysis of underlying assets by both investors and rating agencies; ii) investment decisions arising from the valuation model based on expected cash-flows and neglecting other factors such as mark-to-market losses; iii)...
Coexceedance in financial markets of countries trying to join the European Union
Baranová, Zuzana ; Horváth, Roman (advisor) ; Dědek, Oldřich (referee)
This thesis analyses financial contagion between a reference EU market - Germany and markets of five countries which are actively seeking to become a part of European Union - Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey, Bosnia and Macedonia in the period of March 2006 to March 2018. We apply quantile regression framework to analyse contagion which we base on the occurrence and degree of coexceedances between the reference and analysed market. The results indicate that contagion between stock markets exists, however in different degree for each of the analysed markets. In addition we apply the regression framework specifically for period of financial crisis of 2008 to demonstrate that contagion is stronger during turbulent market periods. JEL Classification G01, G14, G15 Keywords coexceedance, quantile regression, contagion, stock markets Author's e-mail 80605682@fsv.cuni.cz Supervisor's e-mail roman.horvath@fsv.cuni.cz
Credit Risk of P2P Lending on the Czech Market
Čermáková, Jolana ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor) ; Čech, František (referee)
This thesis analyzes an emerging peer-to-peer lending industry, while intro- ducing its main features and risks, where the risk of default and its moder- ation gets the most attention. Uniquely provided data from the front Czech platform Zonky containing nearly 6 000 observations serve as a baseline for credit risk modeling. It has been investigated which variables have the largest effect on default on the Czech P2P market. The final model is used to predict the associated probability of default and to compute the credit score for potential borrowers using these online platforms. Results support the fact that education, age, way of living, expenses, marital and employment status, income and the number of children are significant variables when determining the risk of default. Many of these findings are in accordance with previous international papers published on this topic.
Pricing of interest rate derivatives and calibration issues in a multi-factor LIBOR market model framework
Doubrava, Jan ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor)
Financial derivatives are financial instruments which enable investor or a debtor to optimize his/her asset/debt portfolios according to individual needs and acceptable scale of risk. Their importance in financial markets rose enormously n past ten years as well as did their traded volumes. Interest rate derivatives form a large sub-group of financial derivatives, their valuation is a large self-contained chapter within financial mathematics thanks to the unique characteristics of yield- and discount-curve dynamics. In the first part of my thesis I derive the fundamental pricing principles stemming from no- arbitrage pricing theory and introduce the most common approaches in yield curve modeling. In the second part I discuss issues of calibration in a "LIBOR Market Model" with one to three risk factors. These models are used to price swaptions with Monte Carlo simulation within the no-arbitrage framework introduced in the first part. The result of the thesis is that one factor model performs the best in pricing swaptions. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Option embedded in natural gas sales'contracts
Zlámal, David ; Mejstřík, Michal (advisor) ; Dědek, Oldřich (referee)
The paper analyses the unexplored contractual relationship among sellers and buyers in the natural gas business. In the majority of European natural gas contracts the seller commits to deliver the stated quantity of gas during the year and the buyer is obliged to offtake the main part of the agreed quantity. The difference between these two volumes represents the offtaking flexibility that the seller grants to the buyer, the embedded option. The paper focuses on the evaluation of this embedded option. Firstly the investigation is performed in the current market situation when the buyer doesn't have the access to the spot market with natural gas. Under this condition the buyer can't make a profit and he is using the option only to satisfy the changing demand of his consumers. Secondly, the option is evaluated in the future situation when the spot market with natural gas emerges. In this circumstance, the embedded option becomes a financial option with changing strike price and we can evaluate it using the spread option formulas.
Application of premiums and discounts to the company valuation
Sokol, Jakub ; Dědek, Oldřich (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee)
In the light of the current market downturn, the need of the most accurate valuation appears to be more crucial than ever before. This thesis provides the reader with both the theoretical and practical background of the use of valuation premiums and discounts which apply directly to the value of the company reached by conventional separate valuation techniques. The most important premiums and discounts we focus our attention on are control premium/minority interest discount and lack of liquidity discount. The thesis presents an overview of the basic methodology of the theoretical concepts related to the valuation premiums and discounts. Moreover, based on a sample of 202 mergers and acquisitions transactions of the companies listed in the Central and Eastern Europe ("CEE"), we examine the size and key determinants of the control premium applicable within the CEE region.

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1 Dědek, O.
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