National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The role of the immune system in the immunopathogenesis of autoimmune diseases and the therapeutic modulation of autoimmune reaction by tolerogenic dendritic cells
Dáňová, Klára ; Palová Jelínková, Lenka (advisor) ; Prokešová, Ludmila (referee) ; Heneberg, Petr (referee)
Immunotherapy based on dendritic cells (DCs) was first tested in clinical trials for the treatment of cancer in the 1990s. Currently, the ability of DCs to modulate immune responses is also being tested in several clinical studies focusing on autoimmune disease treatment with the aim of suppressing the overactivated immune system and restoring immune tolerance. For this purpose, so-called tolerogenic DCs with considerable suppressive potential are used. Tolerogenic DCs can be generated ex vivo from monocytes using pharmacological agents, which in DCs induce a regulatory phenotype with low expression of activation markers, high expression of inhibitory markers and secretion of suppressive cytokines. In the first part of this study, we show that cultivation of human blood monocytes in the presence of glucocorticoid dexamethasone and 19- nor-1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D2 (paricalcitol) enables ex vivo generation of tolerogenic DCs with a highly stable suppressive phenotype characterized by upregulated IL-10 production, inhibitory IL- T3 and PD-L1 molecule expression, the low stimulatory capacity and the ability to induce regulatory T cell development. Moreover, we show that metabolic changes and signaling through NF-κB, p38 MAPK, ERK1/2 molecules and the mTOR/STAT3 pathway play an important role in the...
The role of innate immunity cells in the pathogenesis of celiac disease
Dáňová, Klára ; Palová Jelínková, Lenka (advisor) ; Černý, Jan (referee)
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease which occurs in susceptible individuals after ingestion of food containing gluten. Gluten and its monomeric fraction gliadin induce inflammatory damage of the small intestine by activating the immune cells that react strongly to gluten peptides. Gluten peptides have the ability to activate cells of adaptive as well as innate immune system. This work is focused on the production of interleukin (IL)-1 in antigen presenting cells stimulated with peptic gliadin digest. We found that monocytes and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from blood of celiac patients secrete significantly more IL-1α and IL-1β than cells of healthy donors after stimulation with gliadin digest. The gliadin-induced IL-1β expression is controlled by a signaling cascade that includes MAPK kinase family molecules and transcription factor NF-κB. Moreover, we found that the adaptor proteins MyD88 and TRIF as well as Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and 4 play a role in the signaling cascade underlying gliadin-induced IL-1β expression by using murine bone marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDC). The precursor form of IL-1β in gliadin- stimulated PBMC and murine BMDC is maturated by caspase-1. In celiac PBMC the gliadin- induced maturation and secretion of IL-1β depends on the potassium...
Role of cAMP signaling in phagocyte migration
Dáňová, Klára ; Paňková, Daniela (referee) ; Kamanová, Jana (advisor)
Cell migration plays a key role in a wide diversity of biological processes. Migration enables phagocytic cells to localize into the site of inflammation and to lymph nodes, thereby leading to initiation of innate and adaptive immune responses, respectively. The signal transduction that coordinates phagocyte migration consist of diverse signaling proteins, being often under control of 3'-5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and its two effectors, protein kinase A (PKA) and Epac (exchange protein activated by cAMP). Small GTPase Rap is activated by Epac and controls phagocyte migration via activation of RAPL and RIAM proteins. On the other hand, PKA regulates cell migration via modulation of activity of other proteins, which comprise actin, integrins, small GTPases Rho, Rac, Cdc42 as well as protein VASP. A prominent feature of cAMP signalization is its spatio-temporal organization. Therefore, besides description of cAMP-regulated signaling cascades in cell migration, this bachelor thesis also depicts how changes of activity of cAMP effectors in time and place are involved in regulation of cell movement.

See also: similar author names
2 DAŇOVÁ, Kristína
5 DÁŇOVÁ, Kateřina
5 Dáňová, Kateřina
1 Dáňová, Kristýna
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