National Repository of Grey Literature 20 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Large laser sparks for laboratory simulation of high-energy-density events in planetary atmospheres
Babánková, Dagmar ; Civiš, Svatopluk (advisor) ; Strauch, Bohuslav (referee) ; Špirko, Vladimír (referee) ; Rohlena, Karel (referee)
3 Conclusion The main goal of this doctoral thesis is to investigate the possibility of synthesis of simply organic molecules from inorganic gases such CO,CO2N2,NH3,CHa,H2O,H2, using the large laser sparks. The laser sparks provide a unique way to mimic the chemical effects of high-energy-density events in planetary atmospheres (cometary impact, lightning) matching the natural energy-density, its spatio-temporal evolution and plasma-volume scaling ofsuch events in a fully-controlled laboratory environment. Laser induced dielectric breakdown was induced by Š1kJ laser pulses in molecular gases and mixtures related to various planetary atmospheres. We believe that the single-shot experiments realized at the high-power laser facility simulate more realistically high-energy-density atmospheric events than similar experiments conducted with electrical discharges or experiments using low- energy pulses from high-repetition-rate lasers. In our case three different gaseous mixtures were used for these purposes; the strongly.reduced mixture NH3-Cř{4.H2-H2o, medium-reduced mixture CO-N2-H2O and mildly-reduced mixture CO2-N2-H2O. For all kind of my experiments the emission spectra w€re measured in different spectral regions. The motecular bands of CN and C2 radicals dominates in the visible spectra taken from the...
Characterization of diode lasers and their application in monitoring of atmospheric pollution with photoacoustic detection
Cihelka, Jaroslav ; Civiš, Svatopluk (advisor) ; Strauch, Bohuslav (referee) ; Wild, Jan (referee) ; Zelinger, Zdeněk (referee)
4 Summary This thesis work was concemed with the spectroscopic characterization of a set of newly developed GalnAsSb/AlGaSb lasers. The spectral range of their laser emission was studied in dependence on temperature and drive current. The relation of threshold current versus temperature was also studied. These basic characteristics were obtained using the methods of FT spectroscopy, classic absorption technique, and photoacoustic detection of gaseous phase molecules. On the basis of the described measurements, the composition of the semiconductor material was optimized in order to reach the maximum overlap of the laser emission over the methane absorption lines. The possibilities of combining the GaInAsSb/AlGaAsSb and InAsSb/lnAsSbP-based lasers with the FT spectroscopy were also studied and the modulated beam was used as the source of drive emission for the spectrometer. The diode lasers were used for the detection of a highly-resolved spectra of gases, and in connection with the photocoustic detection, low concentrations oť gaseous polltrtants could be determined, mainly with formaldehyde, ammonia and methane. Co-operation with the Department of Electrochemistry (the J. Heyrovsky lnstitute of Physical Chemistry) allowed us to use photoacoustic detection for a quantitative assessment of the ammonia...
High resolution infrared spectroscopy as diagnostic tool for combustion and plasma chemistry
Zelinger, Zdeněk ; Nevrlý, Václav ; Grigorová, Eva ; Bitala, P. ; Dostál, Michal ; Suchánek, Jan ; Kubát, Pavel ; Engst, Pavel ; Ferus, Martin ; Kubelík, Petr ; Civiš, Svatopluk
Monitoring of transient species within combustion experiments (laminar flames, shock-tubes, flow reactors, etc.) is still relatively challenging task especially if application of non-invasive, i.e. optical detection methods is required. High resolution infrared spectroscopy is based on observation of the fine rotation structure that accompanies vibration transitions and thus provides direct information essential to characterization of both molecular structure and reaction dynamics. Thanks to its outstanding advantage enabling unambiguous assignment of specific molecular system according to its spectral feature, it can serve as a helpful tool for exploring complex reaction mechanisms as well as chemical reactivity of individual species present in laboratory flames or plasmas.\nPrevious studies gaining new insights into combustion and plasma chemistry as well as our recent advances targeted towards application of high resolution infrared spectroscopy for species concentration measurement in laminar flames are summarized here below.
Wavelength modulation spectroscopy for multicomponent ana-lytics of biomass burning tracers
Dostál, Michal ; Válek, V. ; Suchánek, Jan ; Kristlová, E. ; Roupcová, P. ; Zelinger, Zdeněk ; Nevrlý, Václav ; Bitala, P. ; Vašinek, M. ; Kubát, Pavel ; Ferus, Martin ; Civiš, Svatopluk
The potential of Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) for monitoring of several species produced by biomass burning is in focus of this work. The infrared spectra of selected molecules (HCOOH, C2H2, CH3CN, N2O, CH3OH, CH3COCH3) are measured in laboratory conditions and the selectivity and of this method is demonstrated.
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy: application in a study of transient species in discharge and ablation plasma
Kubelík, Petr ; Civiš, Svatopluk (advisor) ; Wild, Jan (referee) ; Rohlena, Karel (referee)
The present dissertation consists of two thematically related parts. The first one (includes two publications) deals with the study of chemical pro- cesses and spectroscopy of highly reactive particles produced in the discharge plasma. This part includes the analysis of ro-vibronic CN radical transitions in the infrared region and the study of chemical reactions in pulsed dischar- ges. The discharge was used as a tool for research of decomposition of simple precursors (acetonitrile, formamide and BrCN) and the subsequent formation of intermediates and reaction products in plasma. The obtained experimental results were interpreted using a numerical model developed in context of this work and used to simulate the kinetics of the studied systems. The second part (includes seven works) is aimed at high-resolved spectro- scopy of metals in the ablation plasma. A total of six different metals were studied: Au, Ag, Cu, Cs, K and Na. The main motivation for spectroscopic research on metals in the infrared region is to obtain information on atomic metals transitions, which are particularly important for astronomical identi- fication of lines in the spectra of stars and their spectroscopic assignments. Each publication contains a summary of the analyzed atomic transitions of which a considerable portion had not...

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2 Civiš, S.
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