National Repository of Grey Literature 65 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Gravity Model Estimation of the Russian Export: The Role of FDI
Horváthová, Monika ; Svoboda, Karel (advisor) ; Vykoukal, Jiří (referee) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee)
The main objective of this thesis was to examine the determinants of Russian export directed to its 36 main trading partners. Employing the Gravity model, the standard gravity variables, such as economic masses of the trading partners and their distance, were estimated as having significant impacts on the volume of export from Russia. However, a special attention was paid to the role of FDI, studying whether FDI flows or FDI stock act as complements or substitutes of the export. Unfortunately, with the help of the Fixed-effects and the Random-effects estimation methods we came to statistically insignificant conclusions, which might have been caused by the prevalence of missing observations in the FDI variables.
Security Integration Processes in the Post-Soviet Space
Švec, Jan ; Rolenc, Jan Martin (advisor) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee)
The thesis deals with the topic of security integration processes in the post-Soviet space, and focuses on the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). The aim of the thesis is to specify the character of the CSTO from the perspective of collective security theories. The first part of the thesis studies different approaches to the concept of collective security. The result of the first part is the specification of criterions, which allow to identify collective security organization. The second part describes the characteristics of post-Soviet space and integration processes in the post-Soviet space. The third part analyses the Collective Security Treaty Organization. The conclusion provides arguments, why CSTO is not a collective security organization and why it should rather be considered as a collective defense organization.
The Czech Republic and the UK, a Eurosceptic comparison.
Gata-Aura, Navraj ; Váška, Jan (advisor) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee) ; Hanley, Seán (referee)
Euroscepticism has recently started to enjoy a renaissance, boasting many different works in different formats whether it be a comparative study of two European countries or, investigating Euroscepticism in different national contexts to account for possible variations of Euroscepticism. This work aims to show the contrary. Using country case studies of the Czech Republic and the UK this paper shows that regardless of temporal differences and differences in national contexts, Euroscepticism is intrinsically linked to some lines of argument concerning economy and democracy.
Budapest versus Brussels: Viktor Orbán's Politics of Memory against the European Union.
Marcks, Jakob Matthias ; Vykoukal, Jiří (advisor) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee)
Jakob Marcks Master's Thesis Budapest versus Brussels: Viktor Orbán's Politics of Memory Against the European Union Abstract Since Viktor Orbán came to power in 2010, disputes between Hungary and the European Union have increased. Among the contested issues are legislative changes, Hungary's new constitution as well as the so-called refugee crisis. While the European Commission criticizes violations of EU law and EU principles, Orbán accuses "Brussels" of illegitimate interferences with domestic affairs. In this context Orbán frequently uses historicizing arguments, which means that he invokes Hungarian history in order to explain present-day politics. Orbán paints a picture of brave Hungarians who repeatedly fought for freedom in the past, and who repeatedly became the victims of foreign Empires. Today, he claims, Hungarians are in a similar situation again, yet this time they have to defend their freedom against the European Union. While doing so, Orbán often blurs the line between past and present and creates a strict antagonism of "us against them". Historically, "us against them" refers to freedom fighters against communists. Today, "us" refers to a Christian Hungary that values work, family and national sovereignty, and "them" refers to a global liberal elite, represented by the European Union and...
Armenia's accession to the Customs Union : gains of losses?
Ghazaryan, Sevan ; Svoboda, Karel (advisor) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee) ; Manchin, Miriam (referee)
Armenia is going to join the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia (the Eurasian Customs Union) in the coming months. The author uses partial-equilibrium model to investigate and calculate trade diversion, trade creation and net welfare effects of accession on the Armenian economy. The thesis concludes that the membership in the customs union would lead to welfare losses and negative static effects. The main reason is the pure trade diversion effect on Armenia resulting from the increased external tariff rate. Adopting the common external tariff of the Eurasian Customs Union would raise the prices of those imported goods which flow from outside the customs union. As the majority of Armenian imports come from outside the Eurasian Customs Union, the increase in import prices would carry high social costs for the Armenian consumers. In addition, the absence of shared border with the customs union member-states substantially diminishes the potential benefits from possible non-tariff barrier facilitation. Therefore, the thesis strongly recommends against the accession.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation - interests of the member states
Oravec, Marián ; Horák, Slavomír (advisor) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee)
This thesis examines the interests of the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation with a narrow focus on the interests of the four Central Asian members of the organization. The first two chapters are devoted to theoretical approaches to international relations and the concept of state interest. The work considers liberal-idealistic tradition as the most suitable theoretical approach for applying. There is no single, universally accepted definition of state interest, therefore the assessment of national interest is always subjective in nature. The state interests are then compared in the three chapters focusing on political view, security and economic cooperation. The security cooperation within the international organization is the only area of cooperation with tangible results. Economic cooperation among the countries as members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is indeed verbally declared, however, the real results are not visible. The work concludes that the common interests of the four Central Asian states are in the area of security and economic cooperation, cooperation in transport infrastructure development, as well as solving energy issues and issues related to water resources. Specific interests of the monitored countries are determined by their geographical location...
Cleavage politics and Europeanisation-induced transformation of the national political space - the case of the Czech Republic
Stahl, Cosimo ; Vykoukal, Jiří (advisor) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee) ; Hanley, Seán (referee)
Bibliographic note STAHL, C. (2014): Cleavage Politics and Europeanisation-induced transformation of the national political space - The Case of the Czech Republic, 94 p. Master thesis, Charles University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of International Studies. Supervisor: doc. PhDr. Jiří Vykoukal, CSc. Abstract This research seeks to map the national political space and assess the prevailing cleavage patterns in the Czech Republic. Processes of globalisation and Europeanisation have left their imprint in Western Europe - splitting the electorate into winners and losers of globalisation and denationalisation. This demarcation vs. integration magnet is also relevant in the CEE region - altering and reshuffling the underlying structure of party competition and EU contestation. By employing quantitative content analysis of print media the prevailing issue and cleavage dimensions will be reconstructed both during early stages of democratic transition (1996 Parliamentary elections) and after the 2004-EU-enlargement (2010 elections). While the political discourse and politics in the 1990s are primarily structured by issues of economic transition and post-communist transformation (underlying the classical socio-economic cleavage between market and state), in 2010 also cultural and post-materialist political...
Pension Reform in the Russian Federation and Its Political Consequences during Vladimir Putin's Tenure
Ringelová, Johana ; Svoboda, Karel (advisor) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee)
The main aim of this Bachelor thesis is to describe the situation in the pension system of the Russian Federation starting from the year 2000, when Vladimir Putin became the new head of the Russian Federation, and finishing in April 2015. The thesis analyses the development of the pension system in this period with the special emphasis on the 2002 pension reform, the main principles of its functioning and the process of its passing in the Russian parliament. Next in the text, there is a failed attempt of a reform of non-monetary benefits in the year 2005, which led to mass protests of Russian public and showed, where the boundaries of structural reforms are. Last chapters are aimed at the 2010 pension reform and the current situation in the Russian pension system. Main problems of the whole system are also analysed in the text and possible solutions are offered. Special attention in the analyses of the pension system is paid towards the political aspect of the development of the pension system. It played a major role in shaping of the pension reforms and changing preferences of Russian voters had great impact on the decision making process.
Hungary - EU - Russia : multilaterally versus bilaterally defined interests in Hungarian natural gas policy
Csoka, Zita ; Cibulková, Petra (advisor) ; Svoboda, Karel (referee)
The master thesis analyzes the natural gas policy of Hungary in light of the duality in its international context. Hungarian decisions regarding energy policy are directly influenced by the EU through the country's membership and subscription to the Union's multilateral framework, but are simultaneously affected by the bilateral relationship with the key supplier of natural gas, Russia. This duality is analyzed as embodied in two natural gas pipelines projects, Nabucco and South Steam, both including Hungary as a transit country, but serving different interests. The study finds that the multilaterally defined community interests - although of increasing importance - do not prevail over bilaterally articulated interests with Russia in the field of energy.
Selective adjustment to EU regulatory provisions in new member states : the case of electricity market liberalization in Bulgaria and Czech Republic
Neofitov, Alexander ; Weiss, Tomáš (advisor) ; Cibulková, Petra (referee)
The present work aspires to provide a comprehensive analysis of the policy developments through which European-level prescriptions regarding the liberalization of national electricity markets have been accommodated within the domestic policy contexts of two new member states of the European Union: Bulgaria and Czech Republic. Despite being subjected to uniform demands, adaptation to community regulatory provisions in the two countries has prompted divergent patterns of policy change, resulting in full compliance in the Czech Republic and a failure to meet EU objectives in Bulgaria. In order to address the observed inconsistency the envisaged research identifies a causal link between the outcomes of regulatory compliance and the influence of utility regulation as a sector-specific EU governance pattern on the dynamics of resource re-distribution at the domestic level. A major concern of the research is how contextual factors, such as incumbent power balances across actor populations in the target policy area condition the impacts of EU inputs on domestic policy decisions. In this respect the work hypothesizes that due to transition "sediments" in the new EU member states external rules may be selectively applied in order to match the existing realities and lead to outcomes that diverge from the...

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1 Cibulková, Pavlína
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