National Repository of Grey Literature 70 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
How does death of a household member affect consumption? The Case of Mexico
Šedivý, Marek ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Vacek, Pavel (referee)
In this thesis, we study the effect of death of a household member on the evolution of household per capita consumption. We provide multiple contributions to the available literature. We are the first to analyze all three waves of the Mexican Family Life Survey and use them to estimate the effect of within-household mortality on consumption. Furthermore, we assess to what extent this effect depends on the characteristics of the deceased household member. We also provide evidence on the persistence of the shock into consumption. We rely on a fixed-effects model. We find that households are capable of perfectly smoothing shocks into consumption caused by within-household mortality. However, we find evidence indicating that the effect of within- household mortality on consumption is likely to depend on the characteristics of the affected household. We consider multiple robustness checks. Based on these we conclude that our findings are robust against variations in the specification of our model.
The correlations of economic changes to the super luxury car sector
Hönig, Maximilian ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Votápková, Jana (referee)
Within the thesis, the effects of macroeconomic and societal changes on the sale of Ferrari automobiles is examined. The main focus of this thesis is to discover, whether known factors, influencing luxury goods and total car sales, are also relevant for super luxury sport cars. This is done, by regressing Ferrari sales and total car sales on these factors and comparing the results to the ones for normal car sales, in each of the analyzed regions.
The relationship of cultural and non-cultural characteristics of countries with the sharing economy size
Filonau, Ilya ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Cahlík, Tomáš (referee)
Within the thesis, the concept of sharing economy is described and the relationship of cultural characteristics among different countries with its size and adoption is examined. The main aim is to understand whether cultural characteristics are significant at explaining the rate of adoption of sharing economy. The relationship between sharing economy size and non-cultural characteristics is assessed as well. This is done with the use of regression analysis. Keywords: Sharing Economy, Digital Platforms, Hofstede, Cultural Dimensions, Internet Penetration, Economic Freedom Author's email: Character count: 86 841
Crowdfunding: What makes a project desirable?
Navarová, Tereza ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Pavlíček, Jaroslav (referee)
Crowdfunding has become a popular option for financing new projects and businesses. The study explores the factors that influence the project's success from the creator's point of view. The analysis of a cross-sectional dataset from one of the most famous czech reward-based crowdfunding platforms HitHit is used to confirm or reject the hypotheses of existing studies from the global scale for the case of the Czech Republic. First, a logistic regression is applied to estimate the effects of the individual factors on the probability of a project being successfully funded. Secondly, the OLS regression is introduced to estimate the effects on the overall percentage of funding of a project in place of the binary variable in the logit model. We find a significant positive relationship between the success and the following factors: a video presence, a creator's location within a large city, a shorter campaign duration, a number of rewards and updates during the campaign, and projects falling into the category education. Several suggestions on future research are presented. 1
Analysis of Determinants of Carsharing
Špiroch, Jakub ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Hájek, Jan (referee)
Shared economy is a phenomenon becoming more prevalent in our society. The study explores the case of business-to-consumer (B2C) carsharing. Using a unique cross-sectional data set, which is compiled by aggregating several city- specific demographic and geographic factors, we construct several models which should be explanatory on the characteristics of cities, where car sharing is ac- tive and successful. Firstly, a logistic regression is employed to estimate the impact of predefined factors on the presence of B2C car sharing in a city. We find out that there is significantly positive relationship between the presence of prestigious university and active shared mobility platform. Furthermore, we introduce the OLS regression with log-level functional form to estimate, what determinants affect the quantity of cars in cities. Additionally, we provide explanation on demographic and geographical variables, which have the most defining impact on the prosperity of car-sharing. In conclusion, several sugges- tions on future research and studies based on carsharing success are presented. Keywords car-sharing, shared economy, B2C, Logit, OLS regression Author's e-mail Supervisor's e-mail
The Geopolitics of Repressions
Kosík, Martin ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Paulus, Michal (referee)
This thesis studies how geopolitical concerns influence attitudes of a state toward its ethnic minorities. Using data digitized from archival sources on more than 2 million individual arrests by the Soviet secret police, I apply difference-in-differences and synthetic control method to estimate how changing German-Soviet relations influenced repressions of Germans in the Soviet Union. The results of both methods show that there was large and statistically significant increase in arrests of Germans following the German invasion into the Soviet Union in 1941. Furthermore, the impact of war appears to be highly persistent since there is almost no decline in the estimated effect on repressions for nearly 10 years after the end of the war. Keywords repression, geopolitics, Soviet Union, difference-in-differences, synthetic control method, archival data
Three Essays on Unethical Behavior
Korbel, Václav ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Glätzle-Rürtzler, Daniela (referee) ; Ibañez-Diaz, Marcela (referee) ; Münich, Daniel (referee)
This dissertation consists of three essays that explore how unethical behavior develops in adolescence. All three essays use a methodology of lab-in-the-field experiment, but each investigates questions related to unethical behavior from a different perspective. The research presented in this thesis focuses on unethical behavior in two populations: the general population of adolescents and juvenile delinquents. Combining findings from the general and problematic population of adolescents helps us to understand what factors contribute to delinquency and more importantly, what factors may attenuate it. In the first essay, we investigate whether adolescents cheat more when making a decision in groups compared to deciding as individuals and whether the process of group formation matters. The results show that, in general, groups cheat more but the results are driven primarily by younger adolescents while there is no difference between individuals and groups among older adolescents. Interestingly, the process how groups are formed does not play a role. This suggests that tendencies to cheat develop still in the adolescence and that the context in which decision is made, is important. The second essay studies how willingness to obey rules differs between juvenile delinquents and adolescents from the...
Anti-social behavior in groups
Bauer, Michal ; Cahlíková, J. ; Celik Katreniak, D. ; Chytilová, Julie ; Cingl, L. ; Želinský, T.
This paper provides strong evidence supporting the long-standing speculation that decisionmaking in groups has a dark side, by magnifying the prevalence of anti-social behavior towards outsiders. A large-scale experiment implemented in Slovakia and Uganda (N=2,309) reveals that deciding in a group with randomly assigned peers increases the prevalence of anti-social behavior that reduces everyone’s payoff but which improves the relative position of own group. The effects are driven by the influence of a group context on individual behavior, rather than by group deliberation. The observed patterns are strikingly similar on both continents.
The Economic impact of Climate Change
Abdul Zaher, Noor ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Chytilová, Julie (referee)
Bachelor's Thesis Proposal Institute of Economic Studies Faculty of Social Sciences Charles University in Prague Author's name and surname: Noor Abdul Zaher E-mail: Phone: +420-774- 319370 Supervisor's name: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. Supervisor's email: cahlik@fsv, Notes: Please enter the information from the proposal to the Student Information System (SIS) and submit the proposal signed by you and by the supervisor to the Academic Director ("garant") of the undergraduate program. Proposed Topic: Economic Impact of the Climate Change By: Noor Abdul Zaher Research Question: Can the short term positive impacts of climate change offset the negative outcomes across different regions of the world? Motivation: Climate change and its total physical impacts on human life has been one of the key concerns of scientists for decades and it has become an essential political agenda for many world countries in recent years. Studies have identified the physical risks of the climate change as changes in precipitation patterns, shifting deserts and monsoons, sea level rise, more intense and extreme weather, destruction of marine food chain due to ocean acidification as well as changes in ocean circulations. Taking that into consideration, it is needless to argue that such physical risks do...

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