National Repository of Grey Literature 8 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Study of reaction cross-sections important for advanced nuclear systems
Chudoba, Petr ; Wagner, Vladimír (advisor) ; Krása, Antonín (referee) ; Krtička, Milan (referee)
The doctoral thesis is focused on measurements of neutron cross-sections mainly cross-sections of (n,xn) threshold reactions. With the dawn of advanced nuclear systems such as fast reactors of GenIV, accelerator driven system or even fusion reactors, monitoring of fast neutron fields will gain on importance. The activation detectors are one of the viable options how to monitor these neutron fields and (n,xn) reactions would be one of the best options how to do such monitoring. There is one condition though. We need to have good cross- section data in high neutron energy region. Unfortunately, the current situation is rather bad. There is only a small amount of reliable data for neutron energies above 20 MeV and with increasing energy, the situation gets only worse. For this reason, we measure the cross-sections of (n,xn) reactions on perspective materials such as yttrium, gold and tantalum with neutron energies from 17.4 up to 94 MeV. In this thesis, the measurements together with motivation and methodology are described. Obtained results are in agreement with existing data. Severe discrepancies were observed between the predictions and experimental data for high order (n,xn) reactions. This problem is discussed and solved. The results in this region are in form of cross-section values and also...
Measurements and usage of cross sections of various (n,chi n) threshold reactions
Chudoba, Petr ; Vrzalová, Jitka ; Svoboda, Ondřej ; Krása, Antonín ; Kugler, Andrej ; Majerle, Mitja ; Suchopár, Martin ; Wagner, Vladimír
Current trend in nuclear reactor physics is a transition from technologies using thermal neutrons to technologies utilizing fast neutrons. Unfortunately focus was put mainly on the thermal neutrons for a long time and lead to very good knowledge about this low energy region, but very scarce coverage of the high energy region. This means that there is a gap in the knowledge of excitation functions for higher energies. This gap spreads from 20 MeV up to 1 GeV and higher. This is exactly the energy region needed for description of advanced nuclear systems such as accelerator driven systems (ADS). Our group from Nuclear Physics Institute (NPI) of the CAS is a member of an international collaboration Energy & Transmutation of Radioactive Waste (E&T RAW). This collaboration focuses on ADS for many years. In order to measure neutron field within ADS models it is necessary to know excitation functions of reactions used to monitor the neutron field. In many cases there are almost no experimental data for suitable reactions. Worse and quite common case is that there are no data at all. Therefore we are also focusing on measurements of these data in order to fill the databases as well as to allow further improvements of codes for nuclear data calculations.
Environmental protection through integrated permitting
Chudoba, Petr ; Sobotka, Michal (advisor) ; Humlíčková, Petra (referee)
The introduction of an IPPC proceedings into Czech law has been executed through implementation of requirements of Directives enacted at the level of European Communities and subsequently at the level of European Union and Czech republic was obliged to implement the content of the Directives by being a member state of those international organizations. During the IPPC proceedings of application for an integrated permit the participants and other subjects who can express their statement on the application a chance to influence the final content of an integrated permit. This influence subsequently might change the conditions of operation of large industrial and agricultural compounds and the emission limits binding for the operator of such compounds. This thesis focuses on an evaluation of possibilities to protect the environment through IPPC during the proceedings of application for an integrated permit, through managing the way of establishing the emission limits within the obligatory conditions of operation and through an influence of preceding proceeding and subsequent proceedings, which are part of allowing the intended activity of the operator.
Use of activation detectors for neutron field measurement in models of ADTS
Chudoba, Petr
Accelerator driven transmutation systems could be a solution to the problem with long-lived nuclear waste and opening the way to thorium fuel cycle. Due to intensive neutron source based on spallation reaction are these systems very litle dependent on the arrangement of the core and fuel quality. These systems can transmute the spent fuel, eventually 232Th or 238U without affecting maintenance of fission reaction. Additionally subcritical blanket ensures high safety. For these systems it is necessary to know the cross sections of reactions of fast neutrons produced in the spallation reaction with different materials. This data is necessary not only for the selection of appropriate construction materials, but also for creation of programs simulating accelerator driven transmutation systems. This thesis is focused on the experimental determination of cross sections of reactions 89Y(n,2n)88Y and 89Y(n,3n)87Y with neutron energies from 17,6 to 33,6 MeV. Yttrium is analyzed for its (n,xn) threshold reactions, which makes it appropriet activation detector for study of the neutron fields in model configurations of accelerator driven transmutation systems. The obtained cross sections are unique, in that so far there are no experimental data for used neutron energies. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Use of activation detectors for neutron field measurement in models of ADTS
Chudoba, Petr ; Wagner, Vladimír (advisor) ; Krtička, Milan (referee)
Accelerator driven transmutation systems could be a solution to the problem with long-lived nuclear waste and opening the way to thorium fuel cycle. Due to intensive neutron source based on spallation reaction are these systems very litle dependent on the arrangement of the core and fuel quality. These systems can transmute the spent fuel, eventually 232Th or 238U without affecting maintenance of fission reaction. Additionally subcritical blanket ensures high safety. For these systems it is necessary to know the cross sections of reactions of fast neutrons produced in the spallation reaction with different materials. This data is necessary not only for the selection of appropriate construction materials, but also for creation of programs simulating accelerator driven transmutation systems. This thesis is focused on the experimental determination of cross sections of reactions 89Y(n,2n)88Y and 89Y(n,3n)87Y with neutron energies from 17,6 to 33,6 MeV. Yttrium is analyzed for its (n,xn) threshold reactions, which makes it appropriet activation detector for study of the neutron fields in model configurations of accelerator driven transmutation systems. The obtained cross sections are unique, in that so far there are no experimental data for used neutron energies.
Photon strength functions in 162Dy from two-step gamma cascade measurement
Chudoba, Petr ; Krtička, Milan (advisor) ; Knapp, František (referee)
Photon strength functions quantities, which describe deexcitation of nucleus by emiting gamma rays within statistical model of the nucleus. Information about these quantities can be gained from study of two-step gamma cascades. The thesis is focused on processing of experimental data from measurement of these cascades in 162Dy nucleus. Data were acquired using experimental set-up istalled on the research reactor in Řež near Prague. In the experiment the 161Dy targed was bombarded by thermal neutrons. Following gamma deexcitation of 162Dy nucleus was measured by coincident spectrometer composed of two semi-conductor detectors. The aim of the thesis is to perform energy and efficiency calibration and to process experimental data into the form of two-step gamma cascades spectra. In adition, a comparsion of the two-step cascades spectra with the outcome of simulations of a few basic models of photon strength functions is made.
Popper, Piatti, Grützmacher and their technical studies
Chudoba, Petr ; HOŠEK, Jiří (advisor) ; STRAŠIL, Tomáš (referee)
In this Master disertation the autor focuses on the great cello virtuoses of the 19. century and their technical studies. The first part is about their lives. Second one introduces the etudes and contains short subjective comparison. At the end is the list of the sources.
Friedrich Gulda and his cello Concerto
Chudoba, Petr ; HOŠEK, Jiří (advisor) ; PETRÁŠ, Miroslav (referee)
In this Bachelor disertation the autor focuses on the austrian pianist and composer Friedrich Gulda and his Concerto for cello and brassband. The first chapter is about his life and includes biographies of the cellists, whose recordings of this concerto are compared in the last section of this disertation. In the middle part is the formal analysis of the concerto to be found. At the end is the list of the sources and enclosures.

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