National Repository of Grey Literature 8 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Sudden release of toxic gas in built-up environment
Chaloupecká, Hana ; Jaňour, Zbyněk (advisor) ; Zelinger, Zdeněk (referee) ; Efthimiou, George (referee)
The dissertation thesis deals with short-term gas releases (puffs) in an urban canopy studied utilizing wind-tunnel modelling. The urban canopy was composed of buildings with pitched roofs organised into closed courtyards. Into it, a ground-level point gas source was placed. The first part of the thesis is focused on specific definitions of puff characteristics. New definitions of puff arrival and departure times are presented. Various definitions of puff arrival time were applied on the same datasets and the results were compared. Moreover, it was studied how slight changes in determination of puff departure time can affect its values and other derived puff characteristics. The second part of the thesis is focused on modelling of probability density functions of puff characteristics with knowledge of sampling positions towards the gas source and mean values of concentrations valid for long-term gas sources. The found equations will be utilized in an operational model. The outputs in the form of the probability density functions of puff characteristics distinguish my model from the usually utilized operational models, in which only the ensemble-averaged puff outline and concentration field can be predicted.
Experiments of gas leakages of various durations utilizing wind-tunnel modelling
Chaloupecká, Hana ; Kluková, Zuzana ; Kozohorský, Jan ; Radnic, Tomáš ; Jakubcová, Michala
The report describes the process of dealing with the experimental part of the project TACR TJ04000365 between August and December 2020. At first, the choice of the model is discussed. Then, the report describes the fulfillment of the similarity of the model and the reality. Finally, the experiments, data analysis and the experiments results are introduced.
Wind-tunnel modelling & development of emergency software
Chaloupecká, Hana ; Kluková, Zuzana ; Jakubcová, Michala ; Kellnerová, Radka ; Jurčáková, Klára
The report describes the procedure of work on the two-year project TACR TJ01000383.\nIn the year 2018, relations between characteristics of short-term and long-term gas leakages for an urban area were searched utilizing the database COST ES1006. Then, releases of short-term and long-term gases for a rural area were studied. A dimensionless database I. was created from the data.\nIn the year 2019, the dispersion of short-term and long-term gas releases in an industrial area was studied. The measured data were analysed and the dimensionless database II. was created. The databases I. and II. were utilized for the validation of the model. We developed software as the main goal of the project.
Core of emergency model for urban canopy & Experiments of gas leakages for rural area
Chaloupecká, Hana ; Jakubcová, Michala ; Kellnerová, Radka ; Jurčáková, Klára
The report consists of two parts.\nThe first part copes with the development of an emergency model core for short-term gas leakages for urban canopy. It is explained a procedure in the development of the model, in which after recording input data describing a gas leakage as an output probability density functions for individual puff characteristics and exposed places are obtained. From the output, one can see for example the most probable puff characteristics, which can occur during an accident as well as extreme cases. This is the biggest difference in comparison with the usually used emergency models, in which only mean puff contours and concentration fields are the output. \nIn the second part, experiments of gas leakages for rural area are described. Fulfilment of similarity criterions in wind-tunnel modelling as well as the experiments themselves and the database development is showed.\n
Flow and diffusion characteristics inside the urban area
Chaloupecká, Hana ; Jaňour, Zbyněk (advisor) ; Brechler, Josef (referee)
Title: Flow and diffusion characteristics inside the urban area Author: Hana Chaloupecká Department: Department of meteorology and enviroment protection Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Zbyněk Jaňour, DrSc., IT AS CR, v. v. i. Supervisor's e - mail: janour@it.cas.cz Abstract: Uniqueness of different towns, consists of various shapes of buildings. The main topic of this work is to compare concentration diffusion within groups of buildings of various types. We pursued houses made of single blocks of two different lengths - they were placed parallel or in courtyards. For research of pollution diffusion within the housing estates a method of physical modelling has been used. For this purpose we summarized a theory of atmospheric boundary layer and physical modelling at first. Then we pursued experiments. Measuring took place in a model in scale 1 : 300 inside an aerodynamic wind tunnel of the Institute of Thermomechanics AS in Nový Knín. We checked out the requirements placed on similarity of the real boundary layer and boundary layer modelled in the tunnel. By the measuring of concentration in urban areas we weren't watching a plume from the pollution source but we were studying an inversion task. We measured concentrations in two fixed points from different point sources inside the defined areas. A sensitivity of...
Air Qaulity at Pedestrian Zone: The Role of Urban-Array Three-Dimensionality
Nosek, Štěpán ; Kellnerová, Radka ; Chaloupecká, Hana ; Jakubcová, Michala ; Jaňour, Zbyněk
Air quality at pedestrian level of two different urban arrays for two wind directions was studied experimentally in a wind-tunnel. Both urban arrays were designed according to typical European cities, formed by courtyard-type buildings with pitched roofs. While the first urban array had constant roof height, the second had variable roof height along all walls. The pollution was simulated by means of ground-level line source in the middle of the urban arrays. The concentrations were measured by a flame ionization detector at horizontal planes at the pedestrian level within the streets and courtyards at the vicinity of the line source. Results of the time and spatial averaged concentration reveal that both wind direction and three-dimensionality of the urban morphology are important parameters influencing the air quality at the pedestrian zones within the urban areas.
Wind tunnel study of dispersion in different urban area configurations
Chaloupecká, Hana ; Jurčáková, Klára ; Kellnerová, Radka ; Kukačka, Libor ; Jaňour, Zbyněk
The object of this study is modelling of pollution dispersion in a wind tunnel. We’ve used the inverse method of modelling to this.That means a given location of detector of pollution and a net of points where we placed one by one a point source. We’ve studied this probem for different set-ups of buildings and approach flow directions. A sensitivity of concentration diffusion upon on the type of set-up of buildings and approach flow direction has been demonstrated from the results of experiment. The best se-up of buildings due to the measurement of concentration in two fixed points has been found.

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