National Repository of Grey Literature 159 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Effect of pipe inclination on flow behaviour of fine-grained settling slurry
Vlasák, Pavel ; Chára, Zdeněk ; Matoušek, Václav ; Konfršt, Jiří ; Kesely, Mikoláš
The effect of flow parameters of fine-grained settling slurry on the pressure drop-velocity relationship, deposition limit velocity and local concentration distribution was studied in an experimental pipe loop of inner diameter D = 100 mm with inclinable pipe sections for pipe inclination ranging from – 45° to +45°. The slurry consisted from water and narrow particle size distribution glass beads of mean diameter d50 = 0.18 mm. The concentration distribution was studied with application of a gamma-ray densitometry. The deposition velocity was defined as the flow velocity at which stationary deposit started to be formed at the pipe invert. The study revealed the stratified flow pattern of the studied slurry in inclined pipe sections, for slurry velocities below to the deposition limit sliding or stationary bed were created in ascending pipe sections. For low pipe inclination (􀄮 < ± 25°) the effect of inclination on local concentration distribution was not significant. Mean transport concentration for descending flow was lower than that for the ascending flow Deposition limit in inclined pipe was slightly lower than that in horizontal pipe. Frictional pressure drops in ascending pipe were higher than that in descending pipe, the difference decreased with increasing velocity and inclination.
Droplets breakage in flow conditions of an agitated tank
Kysela, Bohuš ; Konfršt, Jiří ; Chára, Zdeněk ; Šulc, R. ; Kotek, M.
Production of two immiscible liquid dispersions used in chemical or metallurgical industry is usually performed by a mixing process. The droplets of secondary liquid are predominantly dispersed by the shear flow forces to the primary liquid. It is well known, that the real droplet size distribution is limited by the physical properties of both liquids, the acting forces and residence time. This phenomenon is investigated experimentally or numerically simulated by several methods. In this study, the simplified mixing test case was studied. The single droplet dispergation was simulated using finite volume method and multiphase VOF (Volume-of-Fluid) model. The capability of the local remeshing method was investigated. The increase of calculation performance and the phases mass imbalance during automatic mesh refinement is summarized.
Evaluation of flow rate through the measurement volume during droplet size measurement
Kysela, Bohuš ; Formánek, R. ; Chára, Zdeněk ; Konfršt, Jiří ; Jašíková, D. ; Šulc, R.
The in-situ measurement and evaluation of drop sizes via Image Analysis (IA) has been widely used by many researches. The development of new visualization techniques and PIV methods enables to measure directly in a control volume. However, these methods are limited by following parameters such as size of the scanned area, maximal resolution and optical limitations (transparency, refractive index, concentration of dispersed phase). This contribution is focused on simulation of velocity field in region of interest which serve for determine the important parameters of camera setting.
Denoising of experimental time series
Chára, Zdeněk ; Kysela, Bohuš
This article deals with the denoising of experimental time series. Attention is focused primarily on the time series obtained by the PIV method. The noise reduction method is tested for the PIV data obtained by measuring the velocity fields in the stirred vessel.
32nd Symposium on anemometry: proceedings
Chára, Zdeněk ; Klaboch, L.
Proceedings of 32nd Symposium on Anemometry. The conference was oriented on the experimental techniques applied in fluid mechanics.
Experimental investigation of settling slurry flow in inclined pipe sections
Vlasák, Pavel ; Chára, Zdeněk ; Matoušek, Václav ; Kesely, Mikoláš ; Konfršt, Jiří
Narrow particle size distribution glass beads-water slurry flow in the pipe sections of different inclination were investigated on an experimental pipe loop of inner diameter D = 100 mm. The study refers to the effect of pipe inclination and slurry velicity on local concentration distribution, pressure drop-velocity relationship, and deposition limit. The study revealed that the glass beads-water mixtures in the inclined pipe sections were significantly stratified: the solid particles moved principally close to the pipe invert, and for flow velocities close to the deposition limit sliding bed or stationary deposit is created even in inclined pipe sections.
31st Symposium on anemometry: proceedings
Chára, Zdeněk ; Klaboch, L.
Proceedings of 31st Symposium on Anemometry. The conference was oriented on the experimental techniques applied in fluid mechanics.
Flow of heterogeneous slurry in horizontal and inclined pipes
Vlasák, Pavel ; Chára, Zdeněk ; Konfršt, Jiří ; Kysela, Bohuš
Narrow particle size distribution heterogeneous slurries were investigated on an experimental pipe loop with the horizontal and inclined pipe sections of inner diameter 100 mm. The investigation was focused on the effect of the pipe inclination, average slurry velocity and overall concentration and on the local concentration distribution, pressure drop, deposition limit and carrier liquid-particle slip velocity. The local concentration distribution was studied with the application of a gamma-ray densitometer. Mixture flow-behaviour and particles motion were investigated in a pipe viewing section. The study revealed that the heterogeneous slurries in the horizontal and inclined pipe sections were significantly stratified, the solid particles moved principally close to the pipe invert, and particle saltation becomes the dominant mode of particle conveying for higher and moderate flow velocities. Carrier liquid-particle slip velocity depends not only on the mixture velocity, but also on particle position in the pipe cross-section. The effect of pipe inclination on the frictional pressure drop in inclined pipe sections depends on mixture velocity, in ascending pipe section decreases with increasing mixture velocity and in descending pipe section the frictional pressure drop gradually decreased with increasing pipe inclination.
In-situ measurement of particle size distribution in an agitated vessel
Kysela, Bohuš ; Konfršt, Jiří ; Chára, Zdeněk ; Šulc, R. ; Ditl, P.
Agitation of solid-liquid suspension or two immiscible liquids is a frequent operation in chemical and metallurgical industries (suspension/emulsion polymerization, catalytic chemical reaction, hydrometallurgical solvent extraction). The product quality, yield and economy of the processes are significantly affected by a mixing process. Prediction of mean particle/drop size and particle/drop size distribution (PSD) during the agitation is fundamental for emulsification, suspension polymerization, solid particle dispersion or crystallization. \nThe aim of this contribution is to propose a simple method of in-situ measurement of particle size distribution. The particle size measurement is based on an image analysis performed on raw image records. Evaluation method based on the best focused particles with sharp detected boundaries enhanced by the analysis of particle circularity was developed. Precise spherical mono-disperse steel and plastic particles were used to verify accuracy of evaluation method. The method has been proposed for the measurement of the time evolution of the drop size distribution in liquid-liquid dispersion in an agitated tank. The effect of droplet size distribution on the impeller speed in wateroil dispersion in agitated vessel was obtained.
Droplet size measurement in two-phase system
Kysela, Bohuš ; Konfršt, Jiří ; Chára, Zdeněk ; Kotek, M. ; Šulc, R.
The in-situ measurement method of droplet size in an agitated vessel based on droplet visualisation and image analysis were developed. The image analysis was enhanced by the finding edges algorithm and circularity analysis. The proposed method was validated by the measurements of precise solid particles and used for liquid-liquid mesurements in an agitated vessel.

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