National Repository of Grey Literature 43 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Cooperation of the state and non-governmental non-profit organizations in combating labour exploitation in the Czech Republic
Klánová, Renata ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Frič, Pavol (referee)
The submitted thesis focuses on the cooperation of the state and non-governmental non-profit organizations in fighting labour exploitation in the Czech Republic. It is one of the most frequent forms of the human trafficking in the CR. The thesis is based on several theories and concepts, such as the actor - network theory, the institutional theory, the Four "C" theory, the NNO theory or the dignified work concept. The thesis analyses the concept of the policy on labour exploitation in the Czech Republic with a focus on the cooperation of main actors from state and non-profit sectors in fighting labour exploitation and proposes how to improve this cooperation. The thesis defines different relevant terms as well as the term "labour exploitation". It also presents statistical data concerning this phenomenon. An analysis of policy documents on a transnational and national level is used to analyse the policy concept. The thesis also works with a quick analysis of actors and semi-structured interviews with eight experts from public and non-profit sector - specifically with employees of the Asylum and Migration Policy Department of the Ministry of the Interior, the Crime Prevention Department, the State Labour Inspection Office and with social workers of the non-profit organizations La Strada and...
Prevention of juvenile crime at middle schools
Nekvindová, Aneta ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Angelovská, Olga (referee)
This thesis deals with the problem of the implementation of the crime prevention at the primary schools in the Czech Republic. The main objective was to evaluate the application of the crime prevention programs as viewed by the pedagogues from the selected primary school and to find the main insufficiencies and the room for improvements, especially in the implementation of the crime prevention programs area. This Thesis is divided into the two main parts. The theoretical and factual basis are presented in the first part. The theoretical basis collects the opinions of the experts from the given area and helps to define basic terms, concepts and theoretical scopes, with which this thesis further deals. The main theoretical basis of this thesis is the implementation of the state crime prevention through the street-level bureaucrats (employees of the school as the most direct executioners of the state crime prevention). The factual basis comes out from the research of the public legislative and structural basis for the crime prevention at schools in the Czech Republic and thus, it puts the problem into the reality of the current state and demands of the Czech state prevention system. The second part is practical and presents the results of the case study, which was completed by the author at the...
The opportunity makes the thief: exploration of the practical using of the crime opportunity theory
Zahradníčková, Kristýna ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Tomášek, Jan (referee)
The opportunity theory for crime is composed of three partial concepts. The first concept is the routine activity theory that works with a potential offender, a suitable target and a capable guardian. The opportunity for crime occurs in the moment when the offender faces the target while guardians are absent. The second concept, the rational choice perspective, is based on the idea that the offender considers benefit and risk stemming from the crime. The third concept is the crime pattern theory that focuses on the importance of time and space. This master thesis focuses on the usability of the opportunity theory for crime in the context of our current society. Although the opportunity theory for crime is nearly forty years old, this work shows that it is also applicable on cybercrime since some of the "classical" crimes moved from physical space to cyberspace. The potential offender and suitable target exist and behave similarly in cyberspace and in physical space. The difference between the two worlds is notable for the capable guardian, who does not occur randomly in the cyberspace but is embodied in the form of ever-present protection. The opportunity theory also claims that the opportunities are highly specific, they play role in causing all crime, they are influenced by technological...
Assistance to victims of crime
Ježek, Jaroslav ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Čírtková, Ludmila (referee)
The thesis is trying to understand matters of assistance to victims of crime in the Czech Republic primarily throught law 45/2013 Sb., about victims of crime. Author is trying to find a link between using of rights and institutes from the law and victimological concepts of typology of victims of crime and victimization. At the same time author is examing practical working of these rights and institutes. In theoretical part is also used concept of life course perspective, mainly for examing a return of the victims to ordinary life. The research is based on qualitative study with interviewing experts and study of relevant documents. So the view is mediated by workers in organizations for victims of crime. Author did not found a link between type of victims and use ratio of rights and institutes. In practise the Czech police is not working very well with information duty and citiziens do not know much about their rights. Author is giving some recommendations for improving system of assitance to victims of crime to be more effective.
Specific Problems of Sociological Research on Animal Abuse and Proposal of their Solutions
Obermajerová, Kristýna ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Tuček, Milan (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the issue of sociological research on animal abuse. It identifies the basic problems that this research has to deal with, these problems are described in detail and a solution is proposed in the form of the construction of a new research tool. Subsequently, an attempt is made to validate this newly created research tool, its weaknesses and strengths are summed up and further possible research in this area is discussed. In the theoretical part of the thesis, the problem of animal abuse is introduced in the historical context first, and then a summary of basic problems of sociological exploration of this phenomenon is presented. The final chapter of this section addresses the issue of ethical aspects of animal abuse research. The methodological part presents the design of the research, the process of construction of a new research tool and the methods and approaches used. The analytical part summarizes the knowledge obtained during the cognitive interviews that were conducted in order to validate the newly created research tool. The benefits and limitations of the new instrument are discussed and proposals are made to continue the research on this issue.
Youth criminality prevention with focus on non-profit organisations role
Pazderová, Eliška ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Frič, Pavol (referee)
This Bachelor Thesis is primarily comparing three non-governmental non-profit organizations dealing with the prevention of youth criminality - specifically Pet P, Lata and Prak organizations. For this comparison was used analysis of interviews with non-profit organizations workers. The results of the comparison were in the end linked with the theoretical starting points of the work - the causes of youth criminality. It has been found that the non-profit organizations , which have been compared, consider as the most important factor the influence of the family. The identified problems of non-profit organizations include financial aspects, insufficient evaluation of the efficiency of organizations and in some cases also the lack of cooperation. On the contrary, the positive finding is that the interest in volunteering in the organizations examinated in this Thesis is quite large.
Terrorism from the perspective of public policy
Batko, Martin ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Knobloch, František (referee)
Area of interest regarding this master thesis is the fight against terrorism at European Union level. The work then aims to analyze how effective the EU institutions in the fight against terrorism, Europol, Eurojust and the CTC, are. The first part focuses on the issue of terrorism itself, by the help of comparative analysis and data analysis the possible root causes of terrorism and issues regarding radicalization are discussed. The second part is devoted to the actual effectiveness of the main EU institutions in the fight against terrorism and consequently to the security threat associated with the issue of foreign fighters that became a priority agenda within the EU counterterrorism. These sections has also been prepared on the basis of empirical research since semi-standardized interviews with experts in this field were conducted. It was investigated, that the EU institutions in the fight against terrorism have several weaknesses, and there are several limits in their fight against terrorism. Conversely, in the context of foreign fighters the EU has managed to adopt several concrete and directed measures.
House arrest as an instrument of penal policy
Králová, Lucie ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Vávra, Martin (referee)
This thesis, dealing with "House arrest as an instrument of penal policy", reflects problems of ineffective system, increasing the number of prison sentences imposed, exceeding prison capacities and consequential violation of fundamental human rights. In response to improperly configured system of penal policy, in 2010 a new Act no. 40/2009 Coll., The Penal Code was implemented, introducing new institute of house arrest to the Czech justice system. Philosophy of house arrest is in punishing the perpetrator, while maintaining positive relationships that would be otherwise disrupted by his imprisonment. Presented thesis evaluates the implementation of the punishment, reflects benefits, disadvantages and actual barriers in its successful implementation, using expert interviews.
Exploitation of Sociological Research Methods and Techniques in Criminological Research Focusing on Unreported Criminality.
Zahradníčková, Kristýna ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Paulíček, Miroslav (referee)
The title and main topic of this work is Exploitation of Sociological Research Methods and Techniques in Criminological Research Focusing on Unreported Criminality. Criminality threatens society and is one of the most difficult social phenomenons. Every year 50 % of reported crimes are solved. However criminologists think that the real criminality is much higher. Crime that is not registered is called unreported crime and lack of its knowledge causes many problems. Finding ways to analyze and understand the unreported crime is becoming a necessity. Data about unreported crime is currently mostly obtained from self- reports and victimological studies. Analysis of documents, opinion polls and experiments are also rarely used. In this work, I suggest usage of different sociological methods and techniques to improve research of unreported crime. Some of these are observation, ethnographic research and case studies with topographic method. I also suggest a model of consecutive crime. This model expects that committing a specific crime leads to committing other crimes as well. This model would improve knowledge of unreported crime.
Access to victims of crime in terms of the interested state institutions
Provazník, Jan ; Cejp, Martin (advisor) ; Háva, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the policy for the access to the victims of crime. It focuses on activity of interested state institutions that cooperate with victims of crime. In today's approach victims of crime represent a group of people which is seen as people who need assistance. In Czech Republic this approach is reflected in adoption a law on crime victims that comes into force in 2013. Subject of modification of this law directed to defining rights of crime victim as a subject of special care provided by the state, modification of provision of financial support for victims of crimes provided by the state and assessment of legal basis for cooperation between state and organization that provides assistance to crime victims. Diploma thesis deals with reasons for this major legislative change in policy for the access to the victims of crime. It examines the law-making process and the adoption of the law and focuses on implementation of law through the authorities that is active in criminal proceedings and Probation and Mediation Service. It seeks to answer the question to what extent this measure fulfills the objectives. The contribution of diploma thesis is providing a comprehensive view of issue related to the access to the victims of crime as a subject of special care provided by the state....

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