National Repository of Grey Literature 127 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Predicting Achievement of Selected Sustainable Development Goals
Kamenický, Léon ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Cazachevici, Alina (referee)
Bibliographic note KAMENICKÝ, Léon. Predicting Achievement of Selected Sustainable De- velopment Goals. Prague 2019. 66 pp. Bachelor thesis (Bc.) Charles Uni- versity, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies. Thesis supervisor doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. Abstract The aim of this thesis is through using the appropriate tools of econometric analysis to identify some of the variables having impact on the development, whether positively or negatively, on selected Sustainable Development Goals. They became part of the agenda in United Nations back in 2015. As the sample used for the analysis contains observations on around 170 countries in a time period from 2000 till 2016, the panel data approach for economet- ric modeling is the most suitable to rely on. There are plenty econometric studies focused on analyzing the SGDs through cross-sectional examples, however only few of them are looking at them from a global perspective. The main findings of the analysis do not include only statistically significant explanatory variables identified. Supported by a concrete example, there is an evidence that some of the goals require more focus on proper data collect- ing on their corresponding indicator. This turns some of them to be hardly measurable and the simple tools of econometric analysis...
Impact of Potential EU Membership on Economy of Ukraine
Jascuk, Milana ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Recently the topic of the future of Ukrainian economy has been attracting great attention among economists and politicians. The way how it should develop is widely discussed on the international arena. Economists and politicians cannot reach an agreement to which direction it is better to move for Ukraine. Nowadays a lot of special institutions has been created on both sides: in Ukraine and in Europe. The main goal of those is to control all the processes of transformation to be transparent on all levels; as well as prevent unlikely events. Of course, there are proponents and opponents of the moving to the free trade with the EU as for every global process. Among the young generation it is very clear, that possibilities, which gives us European Union are much more valuable and gainful. Even now, majority of students, researchers seek to apply their knowledge or gain some knowledge in European countries. I try to determine potential impact on Economy of Ukraine assuming integration to European Union. It is very important to consider both threats and benefits of such processes as they are taking place on very high level. Therefor in this work I will consider both contours of development for Economy of Ukraine. To explore it I have applied the synthetic control method, which gives us opportunity to...
Drivers of financial de-dollarisation in CCA region.
Zviadadze, Ana ; Baxa, Jaromír (advisor) ; Cahlík, Tomáš (referee)
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, a number of post-soviet countries are facing a high level of financial dollarisation. This thesis aims to estimate the determinants of both deposit and loan de-dollarisation using panel vector autoregression model. The study covers five countries of Caucasus and Central Asia region within the time frame of 2006:1 to 2017:1. Our findings suggest that deposit de-dollarisation is driven by exchange rate depreciation. On the other hand, a decrease in deposit dollarisation contributes to loan de-dollarisation. We also find out that effective policies toward macroeconomic stability with the development of the financial system can help to a decrease financial dollarisation level. Keywords CCA region, Financial dollarisation, Panel Vector Autoregression. Author's e-mail azviadadze@gmail.com Supervisor's e-mail jaromir.baxa@fsv.cuni.cz
The Effect of University Education on Employment in the Visegrad Group
Karolík, Richard ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Troch, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis investigates the effect of university education on employability in the Visegrad group countries. Education as a part of human capital plays a relevant role in the labour economics. Data from the sixth round of the European Social Survey are applied to this research. The study is divided into three parts. The first part examines the impact of achieving a university degree on employability in the whole Visegrad region. The second part focuses on comparing the effect of completing university education across individual countries of the Visegrad region. The last third part studies the additional value of completing different levels of tertiary education. Results suggest that the correlation between the level of education and the probability of being employed is positive. Those who has completed university education have eighty-seven percent higher chance to be employed, in comparison with those who has completed only secondary education. The most significant difference in employability was detected in Poland and least significant in the Czech Republic. The impact of the additional level of tertiary education on the employability is higher but appears to be diminishing with higher degree. Keywords Higher education, Tertiary education, The Visegrad group, University, employment, Bach- elor's...
Economic and Ethical Impacts of Immigration
Charvát, Ondřej ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Chorna, Olena (referee)
This thesis analyses the relationship between immigration and native employment rate based on the similarity of the educational attainment and age of immigrants and native-born population. The results of this thesis are in line with recent studies suggesting an increase in native employment by 0.44 % in event of an increase in the share of immigrants by 1 %.
Impact of Potential EU Membership on Economy of Ukraine
Jascuk, Milana ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Baxa, Jaromír (referee)
Recently the topic of the future of Ukrainian economy has been attracting great attention among economists and politicians. The way how it should develop is widely discussed on the international arena. Economists and politicians cannot reach an agreement to which direction it is better to move for Ukraine. Nowadays a lot of special institutions have been created on both sides: in Ukraine and in Europe. The main goal of those is to control all the processes of transformation to be transparent on all levels; as well as prevent unlikely events. Of course, there are proponents and opponents of the moving to the free trade with the EU as for every global process. Among the young generation it is very clear, that possibilities, which gives us European Union are much more valuable and gainful. Even now, majority of students and researchers seek to apply or acquire some knowledge in European countries. I'm not an exception and for this reason, being a representative of young generation, I will try to determine potential impact on Economy of Ukraine assuming integration to European Union. It is very important to consider both threats and benefits of such processes as they are taking place on very high level. Therefore, in this work it will be considered both contours of development for Economy of Ukraine....
The Economic impact of Climate Change
Abdul Zaher, Noor ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Chytilová, Julie (referee)
Bachelor's Thesis Proposal Institute of Economic Studies Faculty of Social Sciences Charles University in Prague Author's name and surname: Noor Abdul Zaher E-mail: noor_naimi@hotmail.com Phone: +420-774- 319370 Supervisor's name: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. Supervisor's email: cahlik@fsv,cuni.cz Notes: Please enter the information from the proposal to the Student Information System (SIS) and submit the proposal signed by you and by the supervisor to the Academic Director ("garant") of the undergraduate program. Proposed Topic: Economic Impact of the Climate Change By: Noor Abdul Zaher Research Question: Can the short term positive impacts of climate change offset the negative outcomes across different regions of the world? Motivation: Climate change and its total physical impacts on human life has been one of the key concerns of scientists for decades and it has become an essential political agenda for many world countries in recent years. Studies have identified the physical risks of the climate change as changes in precipitation patterns, shifting deserts and monsoons, sea level rise, more intense and extreme weather, destruction of marine food chain due to ocean acidification as well as changes in ocean circulations. Taking that into consideration, it is needless to argue that such physical risks do...
The Association between Firm Characteristics and Access to Finance in SMEs: Cross Country Evidence from Europe
Aslay, Oguz ; Gok, Ugur (advisor) ; Cahlík, Tomáš (referee)
The Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) carry a significant weight in the European economies with their share in number of enterprises, total employment and value added being very substantial. These firms are the major source of new employment generation and they also actively participate in international trade activities. However, these firms face important challenges in doing business like finding customers, availability of skilled labor force, cost of inputs and access to finance. This thesis investigates the issue of access to finance for SMEs in Europe using a cross-country survey data set. Specifically, the possible association of three firm characteristics, namely age, size and exporter status, with access to finance will be examined using quantitative methods. Moreover, given the rich set of countries, how the country conditions like financial deepening, the sovereign debt crises and investment-saving imbalances affect these associations will be studied in detail. Overall, this thesis is expected to contribute to the relevant literature, by displaying the effects of firm characteristics on access to finance for SMEs and the cross-country differences with important implications for related economic policies, and to provide suggestions which can be taken into account by policymakers as...
Demand for Turkey as Tourist Destination
Fidanboy, Kemal Berk ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Semerák, Vilém (referee)
This master's thesis focuses on main determinants of tourism demand of Turkey. Analysis is made for 95 countries between 2007 and 2016 using panel data gravity model. Variables which are used in the analysis are economic variables (GDP per capita and relative prices), weighted distance, population and political variables which are terror and democracy index differences between tourist origin country and Turkey, internal political problem, which is coup d'état attempt in 2016 and foreign policy problems which are Gaza crisis with Israel and plane crisis with Russia. Key contribution of this thesis is to include political variables in the model, extend the data set and observe the time period which Turkey has the highest number of tourists and experienced sharp decrease afterwards. As for the estimation, three different models which are pooled Ordinary Least Squares, Fixed Effects and Random Effects are used. These models are compared with each other by performing different tests and it is founded out that Fixed Effects model is the most efficient one. For the results, it is founded out that except the political variables; other variables have expected significance and contribution, both positive and negative, to tourism demand of Turkey. Even though the internal and foreign political problems have...
Price Determinants of Flats Purchased for the First Time in Prague
Pelnář, Daniel ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Nevrla, Matěj (referee)
Being able to correctly estimate the true intrinsic value of a flat is important for various economic agents. This paper is concerned with the price determinants of first-time- purchased flats in Prague. It is mostly about the hedonic pricing model and its applications using data from Vivus which is one of the larger flat developers operating in Prague. Ordinary least squares was the estimation method of choice in this study. The main results are as follows. The residual analysis showed no extremely overvalued or undervalued flats based on our chosen models. Moreover, the estimated increase in prices of average sized flats in Uhříněves was 36.76% from 2017 to 2019. This is a much larger magnitude if compared with the period of the financial crisis where an average sized flat in Na Vyhlídce increased in its price by 12.83% from 2007 to 2009. It is interesting to see that even during a recession, the prices of Prague flats were raising.

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