National Repository of Grey Literature 97 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The image of Czechoslovakia after the coup d'etat of 1973 in Chile and the Czechoslovakian propaganda against the Chilean military regime
Hartman, Matouš ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
The following thesis deals with the question of ideological conflict between the Eastern Bloc and the Chilean military junta. The author of the thesis investigates the media portrayal of Czechoslovakia in Chile and analyses the Czechoslovak media propaganda against the Chilean military government. The qualitative analysis is accompanied by the memories of four Czechs who lived in Chile during the period. The main focus is on the years 1973, 1988 and 1989. The first year marks the beginning of the military dictatorship, the year of the biggest shock. The years 1988 and 1989 mark the end of the nondemocratic governments in both countries, Chile and Czechoslovakia. The daily journals chosen for the analysis were the most important newspapers in the countries of interest. These were El Mercurio and La Segunda in Chile, and Rudé právo and Mladá fronta in Czechoslovakia. The media analysis is accompanied by interviews with Milan Syruček, the foreign editor at Mladá fronta (1973), and Bohuslav Borovička, a Rudé právo reporter in Havana who travelled to Chile in 1988. The thesis offers a theoretical part with a summary of modern Chilean history and the question of ideologies in the Latin American state. There was conservative anticommunism with roots already at the beginning of the 20th century. On the...
Vietnamese Political Power, Authority and Legitimacy in the Context of Emulation Movements
Homutová, Lada ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Klimeš, Ondřej (referee) ; Strašáková, Mária (referee)
This dissertation thesis centres on the stability and instability of the Vietnamese communist regime, and how to understand this topic today. This problem was explored with the help of an imported political tool, which Vietnam adopted from the USSR, through China, in the late 1940s, and which experienced a revival in modern economically liberalised Vietnam: emulation movements. This thesis assumed that historic and current emulation movements were designed to control, but also to bring legitimacy or a 'legitimacy effect' (and the related stability), through their different functions. It asked how they succeeded in this task comparatively, in their historic and current incarnations. The framework of functions of emulation movements in Vietnam combined with the theoretical concepts of David Beetham, Max Weber and Robert Lamb served as basic theoretical tenets. The thesis concluded that emulation indeed helped create foundational regime legitimacy and offered possible links to a new communist doctrine. The thesis showed that a predominance of successful legitimization, combined with legitimacy effect and Ho Chi Minh's charisma, helped stabilize the DRV regime, especially until 1954. The analysis of present-day emulation movements, however, showed the weakness of the VCP as it struggles to fulfil the...
The Impact of the Peace Corps on Colombia's Development Between 1964-1981
Mizzau, Carla ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
The purpose of this paper is to describe the work of the Peace Corps during its first period of volunteer activity in Colombia. To put it into perspective, the relations between Colombia and the United States throughout the XIX and XX centuries are analyzed in the first chapter. The second chapter offers a description of the American government's policies during the Cold War, with emphasis on the influence and scope of the Alliance for Progress in Latin America. The third chapter deals with the origin, operation, and development throughout the world of the main programs of the Peace Corps, as a semi-independent federal agency linked to the Presidency of the United States. The fourth and last chapter refers to specific areas of activity, objectives, as well as the positive and negative impacts of the Peace Corps in Colombia. Also included are the reasons for which this program of cooperation came to an end in 1981, its repercussion throughout Colombia, and its return in 2010. Keywords: Peace Corps - United States - Colombia - development - Cold War
Alois Richard Nykl and his view of Mexico
Novotná, Zuzana ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the analysis of the unpublished travel book from Mexico of the Czech traveler, journalist, orientalist and polyglot Alois Richard Nykl. The criticism of the source is designed to reveal the personality of Alois Richard Nykl as much as possible, who is a little-known scientist in the current Czech environment. The author focuses on his judgments about the Mexican Indian population in the post-revolution era of the 1920s. Based on Nykl's statements, the thesis seeks to provide a comprehensive view of the changing social position of the Indians in the context of the new political concept of the Mexican state. The work, among other things, points to Nykl's interest in anthropology and archeology in an already broad range of his interests and knowledge. The thesis highlights Nykl's devotion to studying multidisciplinary information about Mexico, even though he was a specialist in Andalusian and comparative literature.
Illegal Hispanic Migration to the USA
Minčičová, Petra ; Křížová, Markéta (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
There are approximately 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States of America presently. Mexicans are the largest group; however they are followed by immigrants from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador (GHS), a region known as the Northern Triangle. Current immigration from the region of GHS prevails. One of the reasons is an ongoing 2014 American immigration crisis, related to the migration of unaccompanied minor's. The Northern Triangle is considered to be one of the poorest in the region, with the high levels of crime and murder rates, which is likely to be caused by numerous street gangs and drug cartels. The first wave of migration was caused by civil wars in Guatemala and El Salvador in the eighties. There was another wave after 1998 caused by several natural disasters which swept through the region. The newcomers widened the numbers of undocumented immigrants in the USA. President Trump plans to deport most of the undocumented immigrants and he wants to prevent other migrants from coming with the construction of the border wall with Mexico. The immigrants live in the USA ten years or longer on average, some of them have families and kids who are American citizens. In contrast to the decision of the previous administration, they would not avoid the deportation. The current...
1968: Tlatelolco Massacre from the Perspective of Intelligence Servicec and Diplomatic Missions of the United States to Mexico
Vlach, Tomáš ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
(in English): This diploma thesis deals with events related to student protests in 1968 in Mexico during which occurred a violent suppression of demonstrations against a rigid political system controlled by the PRI for several decades. This diploma thesis describes the course of the demonstrations from June to October 1968, using declassified diplomatic notes and intelligence prepared by relevant bureaus of the United States of America operating in Mexico as a source. The well-known and mapped events of student protests in Mexico in 1968 which escalated with the bloodshed in the square in Tlateloclo, Mexico, D.F., where soldiers and policemen interfered with protestors, are examined in the perspective of American diplomats and intelligence officers.
Spanish Civil War and Slovakia (1936-1939)
Timko, Maroš ; Opatrný, Josef (advisor) ; Buben, Radek (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on the issue of Czechoslovak-Spanish and Slovak-Spanish relations and contacts during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Through the elaboration and analysis of the Slovak historical literature and the press on the subject of the Spanish war, it tries to offer a complex view of the issue, taking into account the political, social and economic problems of the mentioned period in the domestic scene as well as in Spain. The author deals not only with the development of Slovak-Spanish relations and their imposition into international context, but also with a critical analysis of Slovak newspapers and literary works dealing with the subject of the Spanish conflict, which were issued during this period, through foreign and domestic academic literature as well as memories of direct participants. The aim of this thesis is to offer an impartial overview on the topic Slovakia and the Spanish Civil War, with emphasis on key aspects of Czechoslovak, Slovak and Spanish history.
Inherent instability of financial markets
Hladík, Jan ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Znoj, Milan (referee)
The main aim of this presented diploma thesis is to help build a systematic understanding of the political and social foundations of global financial markets, their operations and impacts on the global power affairs. The thesis highlights the dynamic complexity of the post financial crisis state of the World with its itra- and inter-social features. It instrumentaly uses critique of a free market agenda and neo-classical economy which contrasts the Efficient Markets Hypothesis with Hyman Minsky's Financial Instability Hypothesis (FIH), taking into account the dynamic complexity of financial markets. This approach offers analytical tools that can account for crisis through processes endogenous to contemporary financial capitalism. I shall argue that a financially complex system is, according to the FIH, inherently flawed and unstable. After a theoretical and historical review, the thesis discusses various aspects of the process of austerity regime and its social consequences. This provides an opportunity for analyses of the ongoing existence of interstate competition, of militarised foreign policy, and of other international, at times violent conflicts. In an effort to make sense of some of these phenomena, I instrumentaly use the study of geoeconomics that builds on some fundamental assumptions...
CRISIS OF PARTY SYSTEMS AND CARETAKER GOVERMENTS: Czech Republic and Italy
Seidel, Antonín ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Znoj, Milan (referee)
Since 1990s of the twentieth century to the present, the so called caretaker governments have served as a political crisis solution in the Czech Republic as well as in Italy. Caretaker government is an institute of temporary cabinets with a non-partisan prime minister. Other members of this type of government are usually non-partisan as well (but not necessarily all of them). This is the main feature that distinguishes the caretaker government from the traditional government led by political parties. The thesis aims to identify common points and circumstances leading to the establishment of caretaker governments on the example of two relatively close parliamentary republics from the institutional design's point of view. It focuses mainly on the status of political parties as it is their failure that leads to the fall of the previous cabinet and to the situation when it is impossible to form a parliamentary majority in order to establish new government led by political parties. Special attention is also paid to a role of the president of the republic. Face to face with weakened political parties, he executes his powers in a more autonomous way in accordance with a presidential accordion theory described by Mauro Tebaldi, especially his powers to appoint the prime minister which fundamentally works...
The Affair "Spiegel" from 1962 and the Czech Television-Crisis from the turn of 2000 and 2001 in Perspective of Selected Concepts of Democratic Consolidation
Benda, Marek ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
This master thesis deals with the affair Spiegel from 1962 and the Czech Television-Crisis from the turn 2000 and 2001. Both cases are compared by the conceptual approach of democratic consolidation from the Juan Linz's and Alfred Stepan's work The Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation (Baltimore, 1996). The analysis aims to find out whether German Federal Republic in 1962 and the Czech Republic on the start of the third millennium fulfilled the first three Linz's and Stepan's criteria of a consolidated democracy. The theoretical chapter highlights some of alternative approaches and discussions about democratic consolidation as an analytical tool in comparative politics.

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