National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Kinázová signalizace v meióze I savčích oocytů
Brzáková, Adéla ; Šolc, Petr (advisor) ; Dráber, Pavel (referee)
PLK1 belongs to the extended family of serine/threonine kinases controlling the cell cycle. It is well known for its role in the control of mitosis and contributes also to the regulation of meiotic division. On a basis of Live Cell Imaging (LCI) experiments we can describe the phenotype of the oocytes with PLK1 inhibited by small molecular inhibitor BI2536. PLK1 inhibition leads to delayed nuclear envelope breakdown (NEBD) and chromatin condensation (CC) and also causes desynchronization of NEBD and CC; in contrast to control oocytes, PLK1 inhibited oocytes break down their nuclear envelope with chromatin almost fully condensed. Also duration of these two early nuclear events is prolonged in oocytes with inhibited PLK1. In contrast to somatic cells, PLK1 inhibition in mouse oocytes does not prevent assembly of spindle with two distinct poles but affects the final spindle volume. Similar to somatic cells, mouse oocytes with PLK1 inhibited from the beginning of the meiotic maturation stay arrested in metaphase I but in the case of mouse oocytes, this block is not dependent on Spindle Assembly Checkpoint (SAC) persisting activity. When mouse oocytes are synchronized on metaphase I/anaphase I transition by proteasome inhibition and then PLK1 kinase activity is inhibited, about 2/3 of the oocytes stay arrested...
The involvement of mitotic kinases AURKA and PLK1 in the oocyte meiotic maturation
Brzáková, Adéla ; Šolc, Petr (advisor) ; Šebková, Nataša (referee)
Aurora A and Plk1 belongs to the extended family of serine/threonine kinases controlling the cell cycle. Both are involved in the control of mitosis and contribute also to the regulation of meiotic division. Although the role of Aurora A in the resumption of meiosis after the first meiotic block seems to be, according to present studies, a bit questionable matter, it is virtually certain that AURKA plays an irreplaceable role in the construction of the spindle. In the oocytes with inhibited (by RNAi or small molecular inhibitors) or overexpressed Aurora A, abnormal spindles with aberrant number of poles or otherwise unusually shaped spindles are created. Disruption of Plk1 function in oocytes also leads to the appearance of damaged spindles. In addition, Plk1, almost certainly, plays a role in the timing of the nuclear membrane breakdown - at GVBD.

Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.