National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Gene pool of the secondary metabolism in soil bacterial communities
Patrmanová, Tereza ; Kopecký, Jan (advisor) ; Brabcová, Vendula (referee)
The need for new antibiotics and other biologically active compounds is the reason for an increased interest in secondary metabolites of soil bacteria. The phylum Actinobacteria has the dominant position in the soil environment thanks to the potential of producing a broad spectrum of antibiotics and the presence of a number of defense mechanisms preventing the effects of antibiotics. The aim of this thesis was to determine the number of copies of selected secondary metabolic genes in the soils of two sites using designed primers and primers from literature. The design of effective new primers for the detection of selected genes in the soil environment was not achieved in this work, and therefore only primers from literature that had been verified for their specificity were used. In samples taken from soil profiles of two sites, abundances of bacteria, actinobacteria, type II polyketide synthase genes and Erm methyltransferase genes mediating resistance to MLSB antibiotics (macrolides, lincosamides and streptogramins B) were determined by digital PCR. The comparison of the determined copy numbers gave an information about the structure of the bacterial community and the relative abundance of bacteria carrying selected secondary metabolic genes depending on the soil condition changes due to the...
Characterization of fungal community in spruce (Picea abies) litter using cultivation and T-RFLP
Kolářová, Zuzana ; Koukol, Ondřej (advisor) ; Brabcová, Vendula (referee)
Fungi have a key role in the decomposition of coniferous litter and affect nutrient cycling in forest ecosystems. Therefore, great emphasis is placed on exploring the diversity of these organisms. The aim of this thesis was to describe fungal diversity in spruce litter and revealed temporal development of this community in a forest regenerating after bark beetle outbreak. Another objective was to compare sites with different length of bark beetle damage. The study area was located in the Bohemian Forest mountain range. Litter bags with spruce needles were placed on the forest soil and several samplings were performed in the course of three years. Diversity of fungi and changes in the fungal community were assessed by two methods: cultivation of needles on 2ř MEA and fingerprinting method T-RFLP. In total 71 fungal species were obtained from needles during a three-year succession by cultivation approach. Using T-RFLP 122 different fragments were generally recorded. The dominant species were Scleroconidioma sphagnicola, Thysanophora penicillioides, Hormonema dematiodes, Ceuthospora pinastri, species of genus Chalara, Trichoderma polysporum, Mycena galopus and unknown species Helotiales sp. 1. Primary saprotrophs occured in the community mainly in first 8 months and then were replaced by basidiomycetes....

See also: similar author names
1 Brabcová, Veronika
2 Brabcová, Věra
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