National Repository of Grey Literature 275 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
Lease of real estates from the perspective of mandatory payments
Šimůnek, Jiří ; Marková, Hana (advisor) ; Boháč, Radim (referee)
1 Název diplomové práce, abstrakt a klíčová slova v anglickém jazyce Title of the thesis: Lease of real estates from the perspective of mandatory payments Abstract The aim of this diploma thesis was mainly to describe the mandatory payments connected with the lease of real estates according to the legal regulation of the Czech Republic. The thesis works with the term lease defined by the author for the purposes of this writing not in relation to the contract type but to the extent of the resulting license to use the real estates. Mandatory payments are identified in the strict sense of the term (personal and corporate income tax and value added tax), public insurance (social security and public health insurance) and local fees relevant to the lease of real estate. In this thesis, the institutes of lease, accommodation / temporary lease borrowing, tenure, informal lease, servitude, chief rent and right of building are described in detail from the civil law point of view and they are assigned specific tax obligations. In terms of absolute property rights, the institutes of pledge and lien and the management of foreign assets, including the trust fund, do not meet the established definition of lease of real estates. A separate chapter discusses the phenomenon of shared economy in the area of short-term...
Financial law aspects of operation of online gambling by foreign operators
László, Zsuzsanna ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
Financial law aspects of operation of online gambling by foreign operators Abstract in English Gambling has been part of humanity since its very beginning. As time passed, gambling gained more and more sophisticated appearance and it became more and more popular among people. This phenomenon had a negative impact on a number of pathological gamblers whose debts kept growing because of their addiction which lead to the increase of criminality in the society. Today, gambling can be accessed also via internet which made gambling even more available to people. Despite this, most states do not have a consensus regarding how to assess gambling. Therefore, some states have a welcoming approach with regards to casinos and online gambling operators, while others make huge effort to decrease the number of gambling operators as much as possible. Czech Republic seeks to react to the above phenomena with Act No. 186/2016 Coll., the gambling act, which gives foreign gambling operators the possibility to operate legally on the Czech market despite not having a branch here. Furthermore, Act No. 187/2016 Coll., on gambling taxation, was designed to deal with problems associated with tax evasion. In my thesis I focus on the evaluation of the new legislation and any other legislation which significantly affects gambling...
Legal Aspects of Tax Administration Electronisation
Tuláček, Michal ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee) ; Trubač, Ondřej (referee)
The topic of the thesis focuses on legal aspects of the use of information and communications technologies in tax administration. Tax administration is a specific area of public administration. Therefore, one would assume that its specifics are reflected in the tax administration electronisation as well. The basic difference between the tax administration and general public administration is in the way of handling information. One of the main tasks of tax administration is to overcome an information asymmetry between tax offices and taxpayers. Therefore, it is necessary to protect the information collected during tax administration. The protection must be more effective than in other areas of public administration, as with an ineffective protection of information, the willingness of taxpayers to communicate them to the tax authorities would be significantly hindered. In the thesis, there are 4 research questions formulated: (1) What is the tax administration electronisation, what does it embody and how does it overlap with the general public administration electronisation? (2) What are the legal aspects of tax administration electronisation in its tax related specific areas? (3) Does the current law suffice in the tax related specific areas of tax administration electronisation? (4.) Are its tax related...
Property taxes and their place in the tax system
Hrábek, Radek ; Karfíková, Marie (advisor) ; Boháč, Radim (referee) ; Trubač, Ondřej (referee)
Property taxes and their place in the tax system Abstract In the thesis I dedicate my research attention to legal areas with high social resonance and the endless interest of the broad scientific community. The issue of taxes, especially property, undoubtedly appeals to the large civilian public who encounters it in its real life, and yet it is a constant object of research by the scientific juristic community and the giants of legal theory and practice. Taxes are one of the natural legacy of a citizen with the state. There is no need for a long search to find that the tax and tax policy of the state are among the essential attributes of its independence and sovereignty, both internally and externally in the modern world. In particular, through taxes, public budgets and funds, such as state and municipal finances, serve to meet their needs, protect property and inhabitants. Thus, the thesis also contains a brief historical treatise on property tax, which is relevant for the examination of the legal property tax field, especially so that the factors of their importance, location, position and continuity, as well as discontinuity in the tax system, are easier to determine. Looking at the past in order to determine the formation and application of property taxes in our geographical area, together with a...
Corporate income tax deductibility of interest after the implementation of ATAD
Vicherek, Ondřej ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
Corporate income tax deductibility of interest after the implementation of ATAD Over the past few years, the media and the general public have focused heavily on tax avoidance of large corporations such as Apple and Google. OECD (2012) issued BEPS report in which it described tax base erosion and profit shifting methods. The tools described therein include also excessive use of foreign capital and the associated tax shield. The regulations and recommendations as set out in the BEPS report were implemented in the European ATAD Directive in 2016. This thesis focuses on the limitation of deductibility of interest, especially from the perspective of the analysis of the Czech implementation with regard to the regulation set out in the BEPS report and the ATAD Directive and fulfillment of their objectives. The main goal of the thesis is to assess the fulfillment of the objectives set out in the BEPS report and in the ATAD Directive within their Czech transposition, to analyze the Czech regulation and to point out possible shortcomings of the Czech regulation and problems related to the implementation of new rules limiting the deductibility of borrowing costs. The thesis is divided into four chapters. The first chapter focuses on the problematics of interest and other borrowing costs deductibility,...
Registration of Sales de lege ferenda
Zatloukalová, Júdit ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
Diploma Thesis Registration of Sales de lege ferenda Júdit Zatloukalová ABSTRACT This diploma thesis deals with the current legal regulation of electronic registration of sales in the Czech Republic, and especially with its planned amendment. At the end of 2017, the Constitutional Court had a significant impact on the legal regulation when its Decision file no. Pl. ÚS 26/16 revoked several provisions of the Act No. 112/2016 Coll. In the legislative process, as of the date of the manuscript closing, there is a government amendment to the Act concerned, which represents the legislative response of the Ministry of Finance to this Decision. The text is divided into six parts. After a general introduction to the registration of sales in the first part, there is an analysis of the Czech legislation in parts 2 to 4, first the de lege lata and then the submitted amendment in the light of the Constitutional Court's Decision on the Act. The following fifth part is devoted to the Slovak legal regulation of sales records, especially to the consequences of the recent amendment to the Act No. 289/2008 Coll., on Use of Electronic Cash Register. This amendment introduced the on-line eKasa system, which builds on many years of experience with the cash register system. In the last sixth part, the author analyses the...
Real- Estate Taxation de lege ferenda
Krejčí, Hanuš ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Boháč, Radim (referee)
The thesis presents a brand new concept of recurrent real estate tax in the Czech Republic. The object of the tax is designed to be exclusively land and apartments and non-residential premises. Buildings or any other aboveground or underground structures are not the object of taxation. Unlike buildings, land and apartments and non-residential premises can be appraised with sufficient accuracy only considering their quantity and location, hence by simply multiplying their areas and unit prices common in a given place and time. Consequently, the real estate tax can be designed on an ad valorem basis in order to differentiate between the tax liability of most lucrative, less lucrative and least lucrative property owners. As a result, tax collection can be substantially increased and a still marginal local tax can become a significant source of funds to the state treasury. At the same time, the increased recurrent tax on immovable property allows to abolish the economically questionable one-off tax in the Czech Republic, which is nowadays levied on the transfer of immovable property. The land tax is imposed on all land in the territory of the Country, with the exception of land built by apartment buildings and land used exclusively with them. The tax on apartments and non- residential premises falls on the...
Recovery of tax arrears and tax execution
Havlovicová, Jaroslava ; Vybíral, Roman (advisor) ; Boháč, Radim (referee)
Recovery of tax arrears and tax execution Abstract The aim of this diploma thesis is the processing of the topic of tax arrears recovery and tax execution, which are crucial areas in the legislation of all democratic rule of law. My original intention was to focus on the analysis of legislation, but also on practical issues, real problems and their possible solutions. I divided the thesis into four parts, which are further divided into chapters and subchapters. The first part of the thesis is devoted to the current legal regulation of the recovery of tax arrears, which is largely embodied in the Rules of Tax Procedure. In several cases significant changes have occurred with the legal effect of this Act, in such cases the comparison with the previous legislation was made. Recovery of tax arrears in the meaning of the term covering various ways of recovery including tax execution is modified in the second part of this thesis. In this part the major focus was given on the statutory procedures during the recovery of arrears through a bailiff and during the recovery of the tax administrator's claim against the tax debtor in insolvency proceedings. Since these two ways are primarily governed by different laws than tax execution, I particularly tried to emphasize the differences between the methods of recovery...
Theoretical and Practical Aspect of Unit-linked Insurance
Merenda, David ; Karfíková, Marie (advisor) ; Boháč, Radim (referee) ; Vybíral, Petr (referee)
v anglickém jazyce Theoretical and Practical Aspect of Unit-linked Insurance Abstract United-linked insurance (ULI) is the most widely sold type of life insurance in the Czech Republic; frequently, however, this product is sold to clients without respecting their investment profile and financial needs (mis-selling); mis-selling, in turn, results in the loss of confidence in the system of financial distribution and its efficiency. Even though the current legislation offers tools to mitigate mis-selling (not only) of ULI, in practice such legal regulation proves to be insufficient. The causes of this relate to both the distributors and their customers, as well as to the financial products themselves. Behavioural research has proven marked shortcomings in the economic and legal understanding of a human being as a homo economicus, i.e. as a rationally acting agent. A number of studies evidence that people oftentimes demonstrate limited rationality, which negatively impacts financial distribution, in that these cognitive errors may be purposefully and skilfully abused by distributors who use their marketing and sales strategies to the clients' disadvantage. In this respect, this thesis analyses the current financial-political customer protection doctrines; the status of the ULI customer protection,...
Capital improvement from the income tax viewpoint
Fajmonová, Lenka ; Boháč, Radim (advisor) ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
Capital improvement from the income tax viewpoint This work focuses on the analysis of the current legislation of capital improvement and it's interpretation by the professional public is presented, from both the view of the tax advisers and financial management. The legislation and its interpretation are evaluated and, if necessary, revisions are proposed. To attain this goal I had chosen the linguistic, historically teleological and comparative interpretation methods. At first, I focused on the definition of capital improvement and individual terms connected with it and their historical evolution. Also mentioned is the legislation tied to the accounting and here can be found the pitfalls, which the legal differences with the tax legislation can bring. Furthermore I examined depreciation of capital improvement using both linear and accelerated methods and I compared the processes with the situation without the capital improvement. Another field closely connected with depreciation and which I focused on next, was the capital improvement of foreign property. Here I outlined the latest progress by novelization of the legislation and by use of Coordination committees with the Chamber of tax Advisers. Using the comparative interpretation method I compared the Czech and Slovak legislation of the...

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See also: similar author names
2 BOHÁČ, Radek
2 Boháč, Radek
1 Boháč, Radim,
1 Boháč, Radomír
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