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Common law and state law in codification of bohemian late medieval period (1350-1500)
Stojan, Marek ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zdichynec, Jan (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the possibilities of the adjustment of the royal power in the late medieval codifications in Bohemia. Its aim is to compare the final forms of codifications, mainly with regard to whose initiative bore the cardinal significance during the preparation of the legal code, whether the ruler's or the estates'. Each of these parties had different opinions on the forms of the functioning of the kingdom and its administration, as well as on its legal system. They tried to enforce their ideas in various ways, i. e. by codifying the law. The transformation of specific legal institutes is also brought into question, especially the issue of escheat or the adjustment of the disposition of the royal estates. The main focus of this thesis lies on the comparison of the legal codes Maiestas Carolina and Vladislavské zřízení zemské, both from the historical and legal point of view. The thesis aims to connect the historical and legal perspectives on the medieval codes of law. Key words: land law, legal codification, legal history, estates, estate monarchy, Middle Ages
Jan and Zikmund of Vartemberg in the service of the King of Bohemia in Upper Lusatia
Machová, Barbora ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Holá, Mlada (referee)
The Vartembergs were one of the leading Czech aristocratic families, whose origins are derived from the ancient Markvartic family. The Vartembergs owned a number of large estates, especially in the north of Bohemia, and created several family branches. Due to the political commitment of their members, we meet the lords of Vartemberg in all publications devoted to the government of Czech kings from the last Přemyslids through the Luxembourgs to the Jagiellonians, but special studies devoted to the Vartembergs are only sparse. Among the offices held by members of the family were the governor's offices in the neighboring countries of the Czech Crown, especially in Upper Lusatia. The work is mainly focused on Vartembergs connected with the office of the provincial captain in Upper Lusatia from the second half of the 15th century to the first decades of the following century, at the time of restoring the integrity of the Czech crown after the Hussite wars. The main protagonists of the research will be Jan of Vartemberg, captain of Upper Lusatia in the years 1459-1464 and Sigismund of Vartemberg, in the same office in the years 1490-1504, 1507-1511. Key words: Lords of Vartemberg; Crown of Bohemia; Upper Lusatia; sheriff's office; Jan of Vartemberg; Zikmund of Vartemberg; 2nd half of the 15th century
The Bohemian nobility at the court of Charles IV. between 1346 and 1355
Čašek, Lukáš ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
The submitted bachelor thesis attempts to present the personnel composition of the margravial and subsequently royal court of Charles of Luxembourg up to 1355 with focus on the ranks of the Czech nobility. It traces the formation and development of Charles' court in relation to contemporary events, Charles' experiences and ideas about the way of ruling, and the form of his proximate milieu with regard to administration of the land, diplomacy, and representation. The work retraces Charles' encounters with the court environment chronologically from his early youth spent in France, through the beginnings of the formation of his own court, up to his imperial coronation. Using period documents, it reconstructs Charles' milieu and presents the most frequently appearing Czech noblemen among Charles' courtiers. Key words: royal court, Charles IV., nobility, court appointment
The Beginnings of the Rule of Sigismund of Luxembourg on the Hungarian Throne in the Light of the Hungarian Chronicles
Gkountisová, Dagmar ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Drška, Václav (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the personage of Sigismund of Luxembourg, the Holy Roman Emperor, during the period before his reign in the Kingdom of Hungary and in his beginnings as the Hungarian ruler, with regards to his portrayals in the chosen Hungarian chronicles of the 14th and 15th century. The thesis tries to compare facts about Sigismund's live and personality as presented in the Chronica Hungarorum by Johannes de Thurocz, in the Chronicle by Master Jan of Šarišské Sokolovce and in the Chronicle of Spišská Sobota. The aim of this thesis is to uncover how Sigismund's depiction in those chronicles affected the negative narrative which is usually connected with the emperor. The thesis would also like to help to establish the significance of Sigismund's social milieu at the Bohemian and Hungarian royal court and its influence on his decisions. Key Words: Sigismund of Luxembourg, the Chronicle by Master Jan of Šarišské Sokolovce, the Chronica Hungarorum by Johannes de Thurocz, the Chronicle of Spišská Sobota, the Kingdom of Hungary, the Lands of the Hungarian Crown
For the glory of God and the King. Church policy of John of Bohemia with focus on Upper Lusatia and Silesia
Ulman, Stanislav ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Holá, Mlada (referee)
The presented diploma thesis deals with the church policy of the Bohemian King John of Bohemia in relation to Upper Lusatia and the Duchy of Wrocław. The areas which thanks to John's successful territorial policy have become an integral part of the Bohemian Kingdom for several centuries. As the named countries belonged to the indivisible dominions of the Bohemian ruler, he was able to fully develop there his donor activities. The research is based on an analysis of available sources especially of a diplomatic nature and is also focused on narrative sources. The aim of this work is to analyse and interpret John's relationship to church institutions especially chapters and monasteries in defined regions. Attention is also paid to the ecclesiastical patronage of Henry of Jawor a longtime competitor of John of Bohemia in the struggle for Upper Lusatia, who ruled over Görlitz until 1329 and over part of Upper Lusatia until the end of his life († 1346). The work would like to contribute to the evaluation of John's support for church institutions, which was aimed at strengthening his position in these areas. Keywords: John of Bohemia; Henry of Jawor; Upper Lusatia; Silesia; Duchy of Wrocław; church policy; donation; confirmation
Anne of Silesia, between Silesia and Bohemia
Cekotová, Zdislava ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Drška, Václav (referee)
(in English): The aim of this thesis is to present the personality of Anne of Silesia at several levels: as king's daughter, wife, mother, duchess, foundress and candidate to holiness. The initial part sums up the phenomenon of female sanctity in the 13th century influenced both by new religious orders and by the ideal of "holy ruler" pursued by Anne of Silesia as well. The biographical chapter that follows deals especially with Anne's activities as the duchess of Silesia and benefactress of ecclesiastical institutions. It is based on extraordinarily rich diplomatic material. Though Anne of Silesia did not reach official canonization, a Latin legend on her survived which testifies that a certain religious veneration of her existed. The final part of the thesis studies the legend using the comparative analysis method, that is comparing Anne's legend with those of her more famous predecessors and relatives, Elizabeth of Thuringia, Hedwig of Silesia and Agnes of Bohemia. The thesis concludes that the position of Anne of Silesia after her husband's death was extraordinarily strong for the given period, and formulates the hypothesis that Anne may have held the land in indivisible ownership with her son. It is impossible to find an unequivocal answer to the question why Anne did not reach official...
Fight between George of Podiebrad and Mathias Corvinus for the Crown of Bohemia
Vrchotický, David ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
This presented Bachelors thesis examines wars between George of Podiebrad and Mathias Corvinus. It aimes on the millitary tactics and mostly the czech one, in the context contemporary political situation and diplomatic negotiations. Main used seources were Staré letopisy české and german written Chronicles by Eschenloer and czech and german millitary orders. It forwards assessment of the situation of czech warfare in 2. half of the 15. century and analysis of the millitary operations. Key words 15.century, George of Podiebrad, Matthias Corvinus, crusades, second hussite war, Lands of the Bohemian Crown, Wagon fort, Hussite warfare, Frankenstein
Lords Berka of Dubá and Lipá on the verge of the Middle Ages and Early Modern Time
Rejzek, Jan ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
The aim of this work is to reconstruct the history of the lords Berka of Dubá and Lipá from the branch of Lipá in the fifteenth century, especially with emphasis on political careers of its individual members. After more than a half century of political passivity, we can see its representatives once more alongside the king and in hold of significant offices on the court of Ladislaus of Habsburg and George of Poděbrady. What was the cause of renewal of their power? Which part of this process depended on the activity of the lords Berka and how important for the rise of their power was their estate? Were they able to maintain the gained status also in the next generation during the rule of Vladislaus II. of Hungary? These are the main issues of this bachelor thesis. Key Words: Bohemian Nobility, Berka of Dubá, the Brach of Lipá, Late Middle Ages, Early Modern Time, Northern Bohemia, Court Career
Emperor and King Charles IV. in the Czech humanist historiography of the 16th century
Kovařík, Tadeáš ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zdichynec, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the image of Emperor and King Charles IV of Luxembourg in the Czech humanistic historiography of the 16th century. Firstly, the sources of this work and literature dedicated to the topic are introduced. The genre of the chronicle, history and historical chronicle are defined and are supported by academic literature. Following, humanism in the Czech and European environment is further discussed. The history of humanistic literature in a Czech environment and the history of humanistic historiography of this area are also presented. The main focus is dedicated to authors and their work, specifically those that are the sources of this thesis. Work such as Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus Piccolomini (pope Pius II), his work Historia Bohemica and his three early modern history translations into the Czech language, done by Jan Húska, Mikuláš Konáč of Hodiškov and Daniel Adam of Veleslavín. Authors who have also published it in his book Kroniky dvě o založení země české. Work which also included an introduction written by him, that is further discussed in the thesis. Moreover, the thesis looks into Václav Hájek of Libočany and his Kronika česká, Prokop Lupáč of Hlaváčov and his Historia o císaři Karlovi, Martin Kuthen of Šprinsberk and his work Kronika o založení země české, which Daniel...
History of the Moravian branch of house Žerotín until the late Middle Ages.
Kamler, Jiří ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Žemlička, Josef (referee)
(in English): There are not many of the original Moravian noble families that have been ranked among the high nobility in history. One of them is the Žerotín family, whose origins and development until the beginning of the 15th century is devoted to the following work. The first written mention of the family comes from the end of the 12th century, when their connection to the Moravian Margrave or the Czech King, typical for the nobility, is already evident. In the 13th century, the first phase of the expansion of family possessions and the expansion of the original family of Bludovicové into two branches - jičínská, which at the beginning of the 14th century died out and the šumvaldská, which in the 14th century acquired the village of Žerotín, after which the family later wrote. Throughout the period under review, the family did not exceed the Morava region, but in several cases it managed to assert itself into the structures of the provincial administration, whether in the administration of landlords or in the judicial area, etc. The ancestors of the Žerotín family did not stand aside and their contacts with the prominent ecclesiastical and religious communities, secular representatives of Moravia, or the whole kingdom, were evident, though sometime sporadically. In the course of the 14th...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 107 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 Bobková, Lucie
2 Bobková, Ludmila
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