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Lord Ulrich III of Neuhaus. The profile of a Czech Aristocrat from the Time of John of Luxembourg's
Miczanová, Veronika ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
This dissertation deals with the life story of the medieval nobleman Ulrich III. of Neuhaus. The goal of the dissertation is to portray his life and work and put them in a larger context of the period in which he lived, that is the first half of the fourteenth century. Despite the fact that Ulrich III. did not hold any important office but devoted his life to administering his large dominion instead, he is one of the most important persons of the Neuhaus family. He contributed significantly to the structural changes of Jindřichův Hradec, for example by issuing an order to complete the Saint John the Baptist Church and inviting the Order of Friars Minor Conventual to live there. A confirmed Catholic, he lead the first Crusade against the Waldensians, who settled on his dominion. He also had a chamber in the Jindřichův Hradec castle decorated with a wall painting based on the legend of Saint George, the patron saint of the Teutonic Order, an order that had settled in Jindřichův Hradec alongside the Knights Templar. Due to the fact that he belonged to the Neuhaus family, he acquired the Castle of Telč in Moravia. The Castle subsequently became a significant property of the Neuhaus family until the Neuhaus family became extinct in 1604. With regard to the politics, Ulrich III supported King John of...
The King's Power Competence in the concept of Estates of Bohemia. Circumstances and creators of the Land Constitution of Wladislaw II. and the Registers of Archive of the Crown of Bohemia
Kulhánková, Veronika ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
After Jagiellonian dynasty ascended to the throne of Bohemia and especially at the time of permanent absence of the King in the land, the political ambitions of the estates of Bohemia, particularly the lords and knights, intensified. The estates strived, among other things, for codification of the land constitution which they succeeded in the beginning of the 16th century when the King issued the so-called Land Constitution of Vladislaus II. (Vladislavské zřízení zemské). At the same time, the estates also made an inventory of archives of the Crown deposited at Karlštejn castle, which is known as the Matouš of Chlumčany's Registry of Ten Coffers (Registrum desíti truhlic). These documents prove the power of bohemian nobility, who attempted to consolidate their position in judicial and administrational system of the country. At the same time they represented themselves as co-responsible political unit, alongside the King, which works for the good of the Kingdom and the whole Lands of the Bohemian Crown. My diploma thesis pursues the gradual growth of power of the bohemian nobility, who wanted to consolidate their position not only at the expense of royal cities, but also of the power of the King himself. The accent is mainly given to the most influential persons or aristocratic groups who...
Distant and unknown land of the Crown of Bohemia. Lower Lusatia in the Politics of Wenceslaus IV. of Bohemia.
Dufková, Tereza ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Novotný, Robert (referee)
Wenceslaus IV. is traditionally considered as a not very capable monarch, in contrast to his successful father, Emperor Charles IV. Not even modern historiography works are without a flattened negative view on this ruler. The aim of this work is to relativize Wenceslaus' alleged ruling inability in an example of his policy in Lands of the Bohemian Crown, namely in Lower Lusatia between years 1364-1419. The issue of the crown countries in this period has been so far in the background of Bohemian researchers' interest. Emphasis is placed on the socio- cultural background of Lusatian Margrave at the end of the 14th century and it is possible to also evaluate the position of Lower Lusatia throughout the whole Bohemian Crown. The focus of the thesis is an analysis of specific Wenceslaus' political steps, mainly based on charters research. The work is also focused on exploring the relationship between the sovereign and the Lower Lusatian nobility, cities and churches. The scope is also devoted to the contribution of John of Gorlitz and Jost of Moravia to the administration of Margrave. By analyzing the above- mentioned aspects, is possible to enrich the view of the government of Wenceslaus IV. and to relativize the traditional narrative of his inability to govern. Finally, it can prove the continuity of...
Church policy of Charles IV. in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown with focus on Upper Lusatia and Silesia
Ulman, Stanislav ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Doležalová, Eva (referee)
The submitted thesis concerns the church policy of the Roman emperor and the King Charles IV. in relation to the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, mainly Upper Lusatia and Duchy of Wrocław. The mentioned lands used to be the King's immediate possession in whose grounds he could also fully develop his donor activities. This research is based on available sources of diplomatic character and simultaneously takes into consideration narrative sources. The aim of my work is to assess Charles's acts regarding the church administration, introduce his founding activity, and analyse and interpret his policy towards individual church institutions of the defined territory. A part of my work pays attention to the relics, which were granted to the institutions of the Lands by Charles, and to the topic of Charles supporting church institutions of Lands as one of his policy instruments to build cohesive relations within the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. Key words: Charles IV., Upper Lusatia, Silesia, church policy, relics, church donation
The picture of Louis of Bavaria in the Chronicle of Zbraslav and the Autobiography of Charles IV.
Doubková, Kateřina ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
The picture of Louis of Bavaria in the Chronicle of Zbraslav and the Autobiography of Charles IV. Abstract The presented bachelor's thesis focuses on the personality of the Holy Roman King and Emperor Louis of Bavaria and his depictions in the chronicles of Czech origin from the time of Charles IV. The emphasis is placed on especially Chronicle of Zbraslav by Petr Žitavský and the autobiography of Charles IV. - Vita Caroli, which both enable the insight of Louises contemporeries - a church dignitary and the ruler himself. Also other chronicles from the time of Charles IV. are taken into consideration in the thesis. Written documents are used to verify the statements in the chronicles. The aim of the thesis is to assess, which facts about Louis of Bavaria are expressed in the chronicles, their context and how they are evaluated by their authors. At same time it is supposed to point out the absence of records of some important events and to try to figure out the reason of that. The thesis would like to contribute to describing the relation of Louis of Bavaria to Jan of Luxembourg and later also to his son Charles IV. Key words: Louis of Bavaria, Chronicle of Zbraslav, Vita Caroli, John of Bohemia, Charles IV., The Holy Roman Empire
The Lords of Kolditz and the Lords of Bergow in service of the Bohemian Royal Court in the 15th century
Jirsík, Tobiáš ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Novotný, Robert (referee)
The Lucembourg court attracted several noble families that had a oportunity to get a good status by serving a king and also hold offices. For such a service were ideal loyal nobles of newly arrived noble families, who didn't own any property in Bohemia. Lords of Colditz and lords of Bergov also belonged to them. The king rewarded them for their loyal service by giving them fiefs (especially in north-west Bohemia: Krupka and Bílina). The Luxembourg dynasty enabled these noble families a social rise. Lords of Colditz were connected to royal court since their beginnings in Bohemia. On the other hand some of the lords of Bergov hold offices, but they didn't hesitate to leave the court at a convinient moment. More likely they participated in newly emerging estates. During the reign of Wenceslav IV. lords of Colditz remained faithful to him, on the other hand lords of Bergov belonged to the main figures of his opposition. At the same time they changed the royal fiefs (Bílina was bought by lords of Colditz) for allod (Trosky, Turnov, Chlumec upon Cidlina). During the Hussite wars lords of Colditz and lords of Bergov were the fundamental support of catholic party. The only exception was John of Bergov, who was captured after the battle of Lipany. Albrecht of Colditz, their son Thimo and nephew John were...
The humanist society in Kolín on the break of the 16th/17th centuries
Wohlgemuthová, Jitka ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zdichynec, Jan (referee)
Presented essay is focused on intellectual elite of the town Kolín on the turn of the 16th and 17th century. Apart from the characteristics of Kolín town life structure (social stratification, town and church administration, education system) also the burgess interest for the literature is here analysed. Analogous to the social Gross in other royal towns also local erudites originating from graduates of the Prague University created a free company interested in books, memebership in the literature group and writing of latin poems in the style of humanism issued as small prints. On the basis of the analyse of urban and literature sources this study tries to describe aspects of urban culture in the period of early modern history . Namely it is concentrated on contats of authors to other persons or institutions, preferably on previous teachers and schoolmates from the University, citizen councils and royal administrators. The dominating chapter of this essay are profiles of the most important persons matched with the town Kolín - Ioannes Colerus, Matej Fragarius, Matouš Hosius, Jakub Krcín from Jelcany, Jan Pachta from Rájov and Jan Rosacius.
Struggle for Duchy of Wroclaw between 1290 and 1341
Velička, Tomáš ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Holá, Mlada (referee)
This work consists of three chapters. In its first part, I have tried to show an overview of the development of Czech - Silesian relations in the 13th and 1 14th century. The second chapter is devoted to Klodzko as the border region. In its first part, I tried to resolve the question of jurisdiction Klodzko in 1278 - 1290th In the second part I tried to compare using confirmatory study documents the status of a city located in the basin Klodzko with other Czech royal cities. At last, the largest chapter, I have tried to resolve the question of authenticity of the testament of Henry IV. of Wroclaw.
Three Military Campaigns of Charles IV. within the Holy Roman Empire
Straka, Tomáš ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Žůrek, Václav (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to describe in detail three military campaigns of Emperor Charles IV. (1316 - 1378) within the territory of the Holy Roman Empire. It uses diplomatic and narrative historical sources to map the political circumstances, proces, and military aspects of the three given campaigns. The first campaign is Charles IV's struggle for power over the Holy Roman Empire in the years 1347 - 1349. The second is the military expedition against counts of Württemberg in 1360. The third conflict is Emperor's conquest of Mark Brandenburg, connected with the pursuit of a second electoral vote for the house of Luxembourgs, which took place in the years 1371 - 1373. The thesis tries to be beneficial to the question of the role, that the use of military power might have had in the politics of Charles IV. By comparing the process and circumstances of the three given conflicts, the thesis aims to confirm or deny the existence any kind of specific military-strategic doctrine of Charles IV. One of the discussed problems is also the structure of the armyies that Charles IV had at his disposal during the studied campaigns. It seeks to answer, whether the core of Emperor's forces was made rather by noblemen of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, or for example mercenaries hired in various locations of the...
Transformation of clothing in the Czech lands Hussite period
Feyfrlíková, Monika ; Zilynská, Blanka (advisor) ; Bobková, Lenka (referee)
The aim of this diploma thesis is to assess (by means of the synthesis of interdisciplinary sciences) whether we could trace any changes in clothing style during a period of Hussit wars with an overlap to the years 1400-1450 on the basis of surviving fragments of historic textiles, visual and material sources with the references to literary documents. The thesis focuses more thoroughly on the earlier development of the structure of male and female pieces of clothing and their possible form in the period of Hussit wars. Specifically, it follows the evolution of the form of both male and female body linen, under garments and outer garments, and it also focuses on head coverings, hose, shoes and accessories of the particular period. The document is enriched by a large variety of pictures attached straight to the text due to better orientation within the written content. At the end there are tables and figures which widely cover the traces of individual parts of garments found in illuminated manuscripts dated back to the delimited period. Key words: clothing, archeological textiles, illumination, Bohemia, Hussite wars, late middle ages.

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2 Bobková, Ludmila
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