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Fight between George of Podiebrad and Mathias Corvinus for the Crown of Bohemia
Vrchotický, David ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
This presented Bachelors thesis examines wars between George of Podiebrad and Mathias Corvinus. It aimes on the millitary tactics and mostly the czech one, in the context contemporary political situation and diplomatic negotiations. Main used seources were Staré letopisy české and german written Chronicles by Eschenloer and czech and german millitary orders. It forwards assessment of the situation of czech warfare in 2. half of the 15. century and analysis of the millitary operations. Key words 15.century, George of Podiebrad, Matthias Corvinus, crusades, second hussite war, Lands of the Bohemian Crown, Wagon fort, Hussite warfare, Frankenstein
Lords Berka of Dubá and Lipá on the verge of the Middle Ages and Early Modern Time
Rejzek, Jan ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
The aim of this work is to reconstruct the history of the lords Berka of Dubá and Lipá from the branch of Lipá in the fifteenth century, especially with emphasis on political careers of its individual members. After more than a half century of political passivity, we can see its representatives once more alongside the king and in hold of significant offices on the court of Ladislaus of Habsburg and George of Poděbrady. What was the cause of renewal of their power? Which part of this process depended on the activity of the lords Berka and how important for the rise of their power was their estate? Were they able to maintain the gained status also in the next generation during the rule of Vladislaus II. of Hungary? These are the main issues of this bachelor thesis. Key Words: Bohemian Nobility, Berka of Dubá, the Brach of Lipá, Late Middle Ages, Early Modern Time, Northern Bohemia, Court Career
Emperor and King Charles IV. in the Czech humanist historiography of the 16th century
Kovařík, Tadeáš ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zdichynec, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the image of Emperor and King Charles IV of Luxembourg in the Czech humanistic historiography of the 16th century. Firstly, the sources of this work and literature dedicated to the topic are introduced. The genre of the chronicle, history and historical chronicle are defined and are supported by academic literature. Following, humanism in the Czech and European environment is further discussed. The history of humanistic literature in a Czech environment and the history of humanistic historiography of this area are also presented. The main focus is dedicated to authors and their work, specifically those that are the sources of this thesis. Work such as Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus Piccolomini (pope Pius II), his work Historia Bohemica and his three early modern history translations into the Czech language, done by Jan Húska, Mikuláš Konáč of Hodiškov and Daniel Adam of Veleslavín. Authors who have also published it in his book Kroniky dvě o založení země české. Work which also included an introduction written by him, that is further discussed in the thesis. Moreover, the thesis looks into Václav Hájek of Libočany and his Kronika česká, Prokop Lupáč of Hlaváčov and his Historia o císaři Karlovi, Martin Kuthen of Šprinsberk and his work Kronika o založení země české, which Daniel...
History of the Moravian branch of house Žerotín until the late Middle Ages.
Kamler, Jiří ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Žemlička, Josef (referee)
(in English): There are not many of the original Moravian noble families that have been ranked among the high nobility in history. One of them is the Žerotín family, whose origins and development until the beginning of the 15th century is devoted to the following work. The first written mention of the family comes from the end of the 12th century, when their connection to the Moravian Margrave or the Czech King, typical for the nobility, is already evident. In the 13th century, the first phase of the expansion of family possessions and the expansion of the original family of Bludovicové into two branches - jičínská, which at the beginning of the 14th century died out and the šumvaldská, which in the 14th century acquired the village of Žerotín, after which the family later wrote. Throughout the period under review, the family did not exceed the Morava region, but in several cases it managed to assert itself into the structures of the provincial administration, whether in the administration of landlords or in the judicial area, etc. The ancestors of the Žerotín family did not stand aside and their contacts with the prominent ecclesiastical and religious communities, secular representatives of Moravia, or the whole kingdom, were evident, though sometime sporadically. In the course of the 14th...
The damned, feared and ridiculed wolf in the Bohemian medieval society
Vařáková, Zuzana ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Nejedlý, Martin (referee)
In the Middle Ages wolves were traditionally seen as evil and demonic creatures, who had been killing farm and wild animals. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to reconstruct origins of these conceptions and their reflections in the society of Bohemian High Middle Ages and Late Middle Ages. The emphasis was placed mainly on wolves in literature and on questions, why they had been hunted and seen as pests. The thesis also tries to cover, how the wolves' reputation was reflected in the chosen material sources, namely in heraldry of Bohemian nobility and towns and in Prague house insignia. Extensive range of sources had to be processed to accomplish the goals of this thesis such as historiographic narrative sources, medieval encyclopaedias, pragmatic documents as well as material sources, which included mainly seals and coats of arms. The thesis would like to contribute to broadening the knowledge of more complex topic of animals in Bohemian Middle Ages. Key words: wolves, animals, Middle Ages, material sources, heraldry, seals, house insignia
Lord Ulrich III of Neuhaus. The profile of a Czech Aristocrat from the Time of John of Luxembourg's
Miczanová, Veronika ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
This dissertation deals with the life story of the medieval nobleman Ulrich III. of Neuhaus. The goal of the dissertation is to portray his life and work and put them in a larger context of the period in which he lived, that is the first half of the fourteenth century. Despite the fact that Ulrich III. did not hold any important office but devoted his life to administering his large dominion instead, he is one of the most important persons of the Neuhaus family. He contributed significantly to the structural changes of Jindřichův Hradec, for example by issuing an order to complete the Saint John the Baptist Church and inviting the Order of Friars Minor Conventual to live there. A confirmed Catholic, he lead the first Crusade against the Waldensians, who settled on his dominion. He also had a chamber in the Jindřichův Hradec castle decorated with a wall painting based on the legend of Saint George, the patron saint of the Teutonic Order, an order that had settled in Jindřichův Hradec alongside the Knights Templar. Due to the fact that he belonged to the Neuhaus family, he acquired the Castle of Telč in Moravia. The Castle subsequently became a significant property of the Neuhaus family until the Neuhaus family became extinct in 1604. With regard to the politics, Ulrich III supported King John of...
The King's Power Competence in the concept of Estates of Bohemia. Circumstances and creators of the Land Constitution of Wladislaw II. and the Registers of Archive of the Crown of Bohemia
Kulhánková, Veronika ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
After Jagiellonian dynasty ascended to the throne of Bohemia and especially at the time of permanent absence of the King in the land, the political ambitions of the estates of Bohemia, particularly the lords and knights, intensified. The estates strived, among other things, for codification of the land constitution which they succeeded in the beginning of the 16th century when the King issued the so-called Land Constitution of Vladislaus II. (Vladislavské zřízení zemské). At the same time, the estates also made an inventory of archives of the Crown deposited at Karlštejn castle, which is known as the Matouš of Chlumčany's Registry of Ten Coffers (Registrum desíti truhlic). These documents prove the power of bohemian nobility, who attempted to consolidate their position in judicial and administrational system of the country. At the same time they represented themselves as co-responsible political unit, alongside the King, which works for the good of the Kingdom and the whole Lands of the Bohemian Crown. My diploma thesis pursues the gradual growth of power of the bohemian nobility, who wanted to consolidate their position not only at the expense of royal cities, but also of the power of the King himself. The accent is mainly given to the most influential persons or aristocratic groups who...
Distant and unknown land of the Crown of Bohemia. Lower Lusatia in the Politics of Wenceslaus IV. of Bohemia.
Dufková, Tereza ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Novotný, Robert (referee)
Wenceslaus IV. is traditionally considered as a not very capable monarch, in contrast to his successful father, Emperor Charles IV. Not even modern historiography works are without a flattened negative view on this ruler. The aim of this work is to relativize Wenceslaus' alleged ruling inability in an example of his policy in Lands of the Bohemian Crown, namely in Lower Lusatia between years 1364-1419. The issue of the crown countries in this period has been so far in the background of Bohemian researchers' interest. Emphasis is placed on the socio- cultural background of Lusatian Margrave at the end of the 14th century and it is possible to also evaluate the position of Lower Lusatia throughout the whole Bohemian Crown. The focus of the thesis is an analysis of specific Wenceslaus' political steps, mainly based on charters research. The work is also focused on exploring the relationship between the sovereign and the Lower Lusatian nobility, cities and churches. The scope is also devoted to the contribution of John of Gorlitz and Jost of Moravia to the administration of Margrave. By analyzing the above- mentioned aspects, is possible to enrich the view of the government of Wenceslaus IV. and to relativize the traditional narrative of his inability to govern. Finally, it can prove the continuity of...
Church policy of Charles IV. in the Lands of the Bohemian Crown with focus on Upper Lusatia and Silesia
Ulman, Stanislav ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Doležalová, Eva (referee)
The submitted thesis concerns the church policy of the Roman emperor and the King Charles IV. in relation to the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, mainly Upper Lusatia and Duchy of Wrocław. The mentioned lands used to be the King's immediate possession in whose grounds he could also fully develop his donor activities. This research is based on available sources of diplomatic character and simultaneously takes into consideration narrative sources. The aim of my work is to assess Charles's acts regarding the church administration, introduce his founding activity, and analyse and interpret his policy towards individual church institutions of the defined territory. A part of my work pays attention to the relics, which were granted to the institutions of the Lands by Charles, and to the topic of Charles supporting church institutions of Lands as one of his policy instruments to build cohesive relations within the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. Key words: Charles IV., Upper Lusatia, Silesia, church policy, relics, church donation
The picture of Louis of Bavaria in the Chronicle of Zbraslav and the Autobiography of Charles IV.
Doubková, Kateřina ; Bobková, Lenka (advisor) ; Zilynská, Blanka (referee)
The picture of Louis of Bavaria in the Chronicle of Zbraslav and the Autobiography of Charles IV. Abstract The presented bachelor's thesis focuses on the personality of the Holy Roman King and Emperor Louis of Bavaria and his depictions in the chronicles of Czech origin from the time of Charles IV. The emphasis is placed on especially Chronicle of Zbraslav by Petr Žitavský and the autobiography of Charles IV. - Vita Caroli, which both enable the insight of Louises contemporeries - a church dignitary and the ruler himself. Also other chronicles from the time of Charles IV. are taken into consideration in the thesis. Written documents are used to verify the statements in the chronicles. The aim of the thesis is to assess, which facts about Louis of Bavaria are expressed in the chronicles, their context and how they are evaluated by their authors. At same time it is supposed to point out the absence of records of some important events and to try to figure out the reason of that. The thesis would like to contribute to describing the relation of Louis of Bavaria to Jan of Luxembourg and later also to his son Charles IV. Key words: Louis of Bavaria, Chronicle of Zbraslav, Vita Caroli, John of Bohemia, Charles IV., The Holy Roman Empire

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2 Bobková, Ludmila
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