National Repository of Grey Literature 58 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Diaphragm in the role of oesophageal sphincter and the possibility of treating reflux oesophageal disease by physiotherapeutic procedures
Bitnar, Petr ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
Title : Diaphragm in the role of oesophageal sphincter and the possibility of treating reflux oesophageal disease by physiotherapeutic procedures Background: The diaphragm, its bloody part, is considered by many authors to be part of the antireflux barrier. However, many are not aware of its reactivity in this area, its maximum strength, and how posture is manifested in the activity of this part of the diaphragm. This work is devoted to the diaphragm topic in the role of the lower esophageal sphincter and we want to point out the potential impact of the diaphragm on the competence of this esophageal sphincter in patients with reflux oesophageal disease and to reveal the possibilities how physiotherapy can help in the treatment of this part of skeletal muscle so as to improve the function of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES). We also want to point out the postural function of the diaphragm by means of an intrauterine measurement, thus verifying its stabilization function for the axial system and verifying some maneuvers and techniques commonly used in the physiotherapist's clinical practice, but not objectively. The thickness of the diaphragm itself is then partially measurable by means of special spirometry, so-called occlusion pressures. Method : The group of probands included a total of 62...
Physiotherapy as a way to improve adherence to CPAP therapy of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrom
Dvořáček, Martin ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Smolíková, Libuše (referee)
Author's first name and surname: Bc. Martin Dvořáček Title of the master thesis: Physiotherapy as a way to improve adherence to CPAP therapy of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrom Department: Department of physiotherapy Supervisor: Mgr. Petr Bitnar The year of presentation: 2018 Abstract: Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleeping disorder. It is characterized by an excessive daytime sleepiness, deficits of cognitive functions, serious cardiovascular issues and general decrease in the quality of life. The golden standard of the treatment is CPAP therapy. However the long-term disadvantage of this method is the low rate of patients adherence. The minimum requirements for CPAP machines usage are only met by approximately fifty percent of the patients. The presented thesis is divided into three main parts. Firstly, the positive effects of CPAP therapy such as reduction of excessive daytime sleepiness, improvement of cognitive functions and overall increase of life quality of the patients were reviewed. In the next part the relationship between the monitored factors and patients adherence to CPAP was investigated. Lastly, the desired increase of patients adherence to CPAP therapy was tested. Selected patients were divided into three different groups according to their therapeutical...
Extraocular Muscles - Clinical Significance and Possibilities of Treatment of the Extraocular Muscles
Vacková, Petra ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Keilová, Marie (referee)
A human has available for eye movements six extraocular muscles of which function is to ensure the right position of eyes to meet conditions for binocular seeing. This bachelor thesis is carried out in the form of research with a focus on extraocular muscles, their clinical meaning for physiotherapeutic practices and possibilities to influence them in non-pharmaceutical ways. The general part describes anatomy of extraocular muscles and relevant structures including the main differences by which they differ from the other striated muscles. The chapter about the eye kinematics divides the eye movements according to functional and kinesiological criteria. Also you can find here the laws by which the movements are controlled. The special part presents displays of various pathologies involving extraocular muscles and their clinical consequences. Here you can find some information about common vision problems andt their relations with extraocuar muscles. The extra chapter is the problem of the relationship between extraocular muscles and cephalea. Moreover, these part presents the possibilities of non-pharmaceutical treatment of the extraocular muscles dysfunctions by using muscle trigger points release techniques, yoga techniques or Bates methode. You can find the case interpretations of two patients...
Activity of lower oesophageal sphincter in healthy patients in various postural positions
Beranová, Kateřina ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Hlava, Štěpán (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to describe information about GERD, its etiology, anatomy, pathology, treatment options and rehabilitation in patients with GERD. Lower oesophageal sphincter and antireflux barrier. The study was approved by the ethics committee. 30 probands were included in the study and their health status was verified using the Health Related Quality of Life questionnaire. A manometric catheter was inserted, proband was instructed to maintain various postural positions. Lying supine with lower limbs elevated above the surface, lying supine with lower limbs elevated above the surface with head fixated manualy, sitting and standing position, load in the center of gravity 3/6/9 kg, load outside the center of gravity 3/6/9 kg, lifting of the office chair. It has been shown that LES pressure increases in all postural positions compared to resting pressure. The positions activate the diaphragm to demonstrate the postural function of the diaphragm. The most significant change in LES pressures was in the postural position of lying supine with lower limbs elevated above the surface, the LES resting pressure of 20.34mmHg changed to the pressure of LES 40.92mmHg. Clinical experience and studies have shown that patients with GERD have disposition for respiratory and / or vertebrogenic difficulties....
Anorectal dysfunction in multiple sclerosis
Motlová, Alžběta ; Kövári, Martina (advisor) ; Bitnar, Petr (referee)
This thesis is interested in summary of anorectal dysfunction in patients with sclerosis multiplex. This thesis is divided into 2 parts. The objective of the first part is a description of the anorectal dysfuntions. It also includes epidemiological data, dividing, investigating algorithms and possibilities of therapy. The second part is consisting of the case report of pacient with fecal incontinence who underwent the physiotherapy. Her medical history, individual therapy according to kinesiological analysis, evaluation by rectoanal manometry and subjective questionnaire are widely described within. Therapy is assessed by standardised questionnaire Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale and St. Marks Continence Scale. The anorectal manometry evaluates the function of anal sphincters while at rest, during a voluntary contraction and also subcribes sensitivity of rectum. The subjective questionnaires reflect the psychosocial aspects and patient's quality of life. The analysis of fuction and kinesiological analysis were performed before and after physiotherapy and then after 3 months of hometherapy.
Movement options in individuals with dyslexia
Tobolková, Dominika ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Ptáková, Karolína (referee)
This research bachelor thesis titled "Physical Options in Dyslexic Individuals" highlights the issue of this specific learning disorder. It summarizes current knowledge about dyslexia in physiotherapy, rehabilitation and other appropriate physical activities. The work is divided into three parts. The theoretical part describes dyslexia within other specific learning disorders, determines its definition, typology and the search for causes of its origin. Herein, it depicts the knowledge in terms of building diversity and the functioning of the CNS and the reading process. The next section focuses on the secondary manifestations of this disorder. The special part deals with dyslexia in the context of physiotherapy, its influence on postural control. It compares current methods that try to move their postural system, movement skills and the disorder itself. This part offers an overview of appropriate therapies and activities for dyslectics. The last practical part is focused on the influence of dyslexia on the postural system of these individuals. The content is an indikative examination that compares 12 dyslectic individuals with each other. Keys words: dyslexia, specific learning disorders, physiotherapy, physical activities, sensory intergration
Movement therapy in the residential substance abuse treatment
Adamíková, Žaneta ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Janečková, Alexandra (referee)
This thesis is a discussion of the possibilities of using movement therapy as a complementary method within the context of medium-term or long-term institutional treatment of addictions. It is divided into 3 parts. The objective of the first part is to describe the basic concepts and to disseminate the information regarding addiction consequences and its causes. It also includes epidemiological data, a deconstruction of the system of medical care, and the basic tools used in the substance abuse treatment. Complementary to this, special parts map the possibilities of the use of physical activity involving body-oriented methods. It's objective is to detail the effects of these methods on patients. The positive effects highlighted by my thesis are the reason why the movement interventions should be used as a part of the complex treatment. In the second part, common illnesses that lie among addicted people are further examined, mapping the treatment of these diseases through the use of physical therapy. The practical, third part involves the qualitative data and contains the case report of a patient who is dependent on several addictive substances and is currently undergoing the treatment in a psychiatric hospital. Her medical and drug history, individual therapy, including kinesiological analysis,...
Psychomotor development of preschool children with hearing empairment - possibilities of psychotherapeutical intervention
Dolanská, Veronika ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Zounková, Irena (referee)
Bachelor thesis on Psychomotor development of preschool children with hearing impairment - possibilities of physiotherapeutic intervention is processed in the form of case study research. The work is divided into three parts. The first part contains basic information about a hearing impairment and an interduction into specifics of education and psychomotor development of a preschool child. The main part of the work is concetrated on senzomotor deficits that are conected to hearing impairment of children. Lot of studies concerning this topic are comprised in this part. The third, practical, part contains a case study of two children - one healthy and one with a perceptional hearing defect. Based on the mentioned studies an examination with later comparism of senzomotor functions of both children was performed.

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