National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Plasma polymers in the nanostructured and nanocomposite coatings
Shelemin, Artem ; Biederman, Hynek (advisor) ; Čech, Vladimír (referee) ; Vyskočil, Jiří (referee)
Title: Plasma polymers in the nanostructured and nanocomposite coatings Author: Artem Shelemin Department / Institute: Department of the Macromolecular Physics Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: Prof. RNDr. Hynek Biederman, DrSc. Abstract: The thesis represents the main results of my research work aimed to study nanostructured and nanocomposite films of plasma polymer. A few alternative experimental approaches were developed and investigated which ranged from low pressure (gas aggregation cluster sources and glancing angle deposition) to atmospheric pressure (dielectric barrier discharge and plasma jet) plasma processing. The metal/metal oxide Ti/TiOx, AlOx and plasma polymer SiOx(CH), Nylon 6,6 nanoparticles were prepared. The analysis of morphology of deposited plasma polymer coatings was performed by AFM and SEM. The chemical composition of films was studied by XPS and FTIR. Keywords: plasma polymer, nanoparticle, thin film, nanostructures
Comparative study on functionalization of NCD films with amine groups
Artemenko, Anna ; Kozak, Halyna ; Stuchlík, Jiří ; Biederman, H. ; Kromka, Alexander
Two plasma-based processes for functionalization of oxygen or hydrogen terminated NCD surfaces with amino groups were compared. The first process was based on deposition of thin (8 nm) amine containing plasma polymer by RF magnetron sputtering of Nylon target in Ar/N-2 working gas mixture. RF plasma treatment in NH3 for 10 minutes was used in the second process. The properties of NCD films before and after amination were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), wettability measurements, spectral ellipsometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, and current-voltage (I-V) measurements. The presence of nitrogen (and thus amino groups) on the surface was confirmed by XPS measurements in both cases. The obtained results indicated that NCD surface functionalization from amine containing plasma polymer by RF magnetron sputtering is an alternative technological solution for successful functionalization of diamond surfaces for biosensor applications.
Preparation and basic properties of nanostructured plasma polymers
Serov, Anton ; Biederman, Hynek (advisor) ; Čech, Vladimír (referee) ; Novák, Stanislav (referee)
Smooth fluorocarbon plasma polymer films have been for a long time considered for fabrication of hydrophobic and slippery coatings. Interest in fluorocarbon materials was also supported by their excellent self-lubricant, dielectric properties and chemical inertness. This thesis is focused on development of new methods for fabrication of fluorocarbon plasma polymes, which could combine the chemical composition and the physical structure necessary for reaching superhydrophobic character of coatings. Poly(tetrafluoroethylene) was the subject material. RF magnetron sputtering using gas aggregation cluster source was the method adapted to fabricate fluorocarbon nanostructured films with chemical composition close to conventional bulk PTFE, but with high degree of cross- linking and branched structure. A model of growth of such plasma polymer nanostructures was discussed.
Preparation of nanostructured and nanocomposite thin films with plasma polymer matrix
Solař, Pavel ; Biederman, Hynek (advisor) ; Novák, Rudolf (referee) ; Tichý, Milan (referee)
Title: Preparation of nanostructured and nanocomposite thin films with plasma polymer matrix Author: Pavel Solař Department: Department of Macromolecular Physics, MFF, UK Supervisor of the doctoral thesis Prof. RNDr. Hynek Biederman, DrSc., Department of Macromolecular Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague Abstract: This thesis is devoted to study of nanostructured thin films implementing metal and plasma polymer particles and columns. Process of formation of particles from various materials has been studied. The particles size, shape and chemical composition has been characterized relative to the deposition conditions. Transport of metal and plasma polymer particles inside the particle source and from the particle source to substrate has been investigated. The particles were used in composite films especially to produce films with controlled roughness e.g. for investigation of influence of roughness on adhesion of cells. Preparation of columnar films by Glancing Angle Deposition has been studied and the particles have been used as seeds for the columnar growth. Keywords: Nanoparticles, Glancing Angle Deposition, plasma polymer, composite thin film
Preparation of Nanocomposites of Metal Oxides in Plasma Polymer and Study of Their Properties
Polonskyi, Oleksandr ; Biederman, Hynek (advisor) ; Novák, Stanislav (referee) ; Kadlec, Stanislav (referee)
Title: Preparation of Nanocomposites of Metal Oxides in Plasma Polymer and Study of Their Properties Author: Oleksandr Polonskyi Department: Department of Macromolecular Physics, MFF UK Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: Prof. RNDr. Hynek Biederman, DrSc. Department of Macromolecular Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague Abstract: This thesis is devoted to a study of nanocomposite films Al (Al oxide)/plasma polymer prepared by various techniques using magnetron sputtering, plasma polymerization and cluster beam deposition. The formation and deposition of metal/metal oxide nanoclusters using a gas aggregation cluster source (GAS) was also considered. The role of low concentration of oxygen in the aggregation gas on the process of Al and Ti cluster deposition was studied. Properties of the nanoclusters and nanocomposite films were characterized by various techniques. Morphology of the nanocomposites was examined by AFM, TEM or HRTEM and SEM. Elemental analysis and chemical composition of the films were studied by XPS and FTIR. Optical characterization of the prepared films was done by UV-Vis spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry. It has been shown that using GAS nanocomposite Al(AlxOy)/C:H may be prepared. Keywords: nanocomposite thin film, plasma polymer, metal...
XPS analysis of plasma polymers and nanocomposite films without breaking vacuum
Artemenko, Anna ; Biederman, Hynek (advisor) ; Čech, Vladimír (referee) ; Novák, Stanislav (referee)
Title: XPS analysis of plasma polymers and nanocomposite films without breaking vacuum Author: Anna Artemenko Institute: Charles University in Prague, Department of Macromolecular Physics Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: Prof. RNDr. Hynek Biederman, DrSc., Charles University in Prague, Department of Macromolecular Physics. Abstract: Plasma polymers and metal/ plasma polymer nanocomposites have been widely used for various biomedical proposes. Naturally, surface properties of the coatings such as high wettability, stability on the open air and in aqueous media, resistance towards different sterilization processes and cells adhesion are required for bioapplications. This thesis is mainly dedicated to the investigation of chemical composition of deposited coatings using XPS analysis. Nylon-like plasma polymer, PEO-like coatings, fluorocarbon plasma polymer (PTFE) films and Au/PEO-like, Ag/C:H, Al/C:H nanocomposites were chosen as the subject material. In addition, results of XPS measurements were used for the computer simulation for calculation of filling factor of metal/ plasma polymer nanocomposites. These results were in a good agreement with experimental data. Keywords: plasma polymer, nanocomposite, XPS analysis, bioapplication, simulation.
Stability of plasma polymers under various conditions
Matoušek, Jindřich ; Biederman, Hynek (advisor) ; Čech, Vladimír (referee) ; Novák, Rudolf (referee)
Title: Stability of plasma polymers under various conditions. Author: Jindřich Matoušek Department/Institute: Department of Macromolecular Physics/Charles University in Prague Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: prof. RNDr. Hynek Biederman, DrSc., Department of Macromolecular Physics Abstract: The depositions of plasma polymer thin films were carried out using plasma polymerization depostition. The working gas mixture consisted of argon and monomer vapours. The source monomers used were n-hexane and terthiophene. The depositions of nanocomposite thin films Sn/pp n-hexane by means of magnetron sputtering in a working gas mixture of argon and n-hexane were done. The resulting thin films were characterized by XPS, FTIR, AFM, SEM, TEM, optical microscope and elipsometry. The influence of deposition parameters on the resulting thin film propertires was studied. The ageing of the thin films in humidity and distilled water was studied. The current-voltage characteristics of selected thin films were measured. Keywords: plasma polymer, nanocomposite, ageing.
Preparation of Nanocomposites TiOx /Plasma Polymer and Study of Their Properties
Drábik, Martin ; Biederman, Hynek (advisor) ; Čech, Vladimír (referee) ; Špatenka, Petr (referee)
Title: Preparation of Nanocomposites TiOx/Plasma Polymer and Study of Their Properties Author: Mgr. Martin Drábik Department: Department of Macromolecular Physics Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Hynek Biederman, DrSc. Supervisor's e-mail address: bieder@kmf.troja.mff.cuni.cz Abstract: This thesis concerns a study of nanocomposite films TiOx/plasma polymer prepared by various deposition techniques using different organic precursors. Processes of deposition of the films were diagnosed in-situ by means of OES and measuring the deposition rate by QCM. Properties of the nanocomposite films were studied by various characterization techniques. Wettability of the films was described by means of the contact angle of water. Morphology of the nanocomposites was characterized by AFM, TEM and SEM. Elemental analysis and chemical composition of the films were studied by XPS, RBS, SIMS and FTIR. Crystal structure of TiO2 films was identified by XRD. Optical characterization of the prepared films was done by UV-Vis spectroscopy. Electrical properties of the samples were characterized by I-V and SPV measurements. In the end, 'wet' chemical processes were utilized for preparation of both TiO2 nanostructures and organic films for comparison with vacuum deposition techniques and plasma polymer composite films. Keywords: nanocomposite...

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