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Military history in interwar Czechoslovakia
Cáp, Michal ; Šedivý, Ivan (advisor) ; Beneš, Zdeněk (referee)
1 Annotation This work tries to tackle concept of history of knowledge and possibilities of its application for study of history of military historiography. With the use of this concept, the work will analyse processes of organisation, creations and spread of military historiography in interwar Czechoslovakia. It tries to come to terms with historiographical definition of military history but also its contextualisation considering history of knowledge and sociocultural factors describing the relationship of warfare and society. The work attempts it on the example of main, institutional centres of knowledge management of military history in first Czechoslovak republic. 2
The Textile Finds from the Prince Tomb II. found at the site Žuráň near Podolí. Interpretation and Reconstruction of the Unique fabric from the Migration Period.
Jakabová, Vanda ; Beneš, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Březinová, Helena (referee)
This work deals with the re-examination of the textile finds and the tool accompanying their production from the Chamber Grave II in Žuráň near Podolí. This examination is providing the basic textile analysis with the results of the scanning electron microscopy SEM, which assisted in the identification of two kinds of yarn materials on the textile pseudomorphs. The results of the quantitative roentgen fluorescence analysis of golden lamellas, still wrongly interpreted in the literature as a brocade fabric, proved them to be from pure gold. Based on the analogies, this work offers chronological classification of the finds to phase E of the Moravian migration period (500/510 - ~ 568). Additionally, included is the evaluations of all know textile finds from the same period from the area now known as the Czech Republic. Finally, experimental replication of the analysed textile was performed in order to test the limits of the loom and tools connected to local textile production during the Migration Period. Key words Migration period, phase E, Žuráň, Chamber grave, elites, textile pseudomorphs, golden lamellas, archaeological textiles, pleated effect, barred damask, burial clothing, reconstruction, experimental archaeology
Dealing with the Communist Past: Transformation of History Education in Czech Republic after 1989
Najbert, Jaroslav ; Činátl, Kamil (advisor) ; Beneš, Zdeněk (referee) ; Hnilica, Jiří (referee)
The thesis aims to stimulate the debate on the need of improvement of the history education in the Czech Republic. It concentrates on describing the consequences of current historical situation, defined by the dealing with the communist past discourse, to history education. First, it analyses the very concept of dealing with the communist past, using available linguistic and statistic tools (e.g. Czech National Corpus and Mediasearch archive) and multidisciplinary literature. Then the three studies follow. The first case study explores the public debates on teaching of communist history that took place in the public since 1989 and included some criticism of the quality of history education. It also analyses conceptualizations of history education within the national curriculum since 1989. As a result, two dominant discursive types that have had an influence on the public debate about history education and teaching practice are defined. The second study explores the memory, pedagogical and discursive practices related to the application of oral history method for both remembrance and history education. It examines both positive but also problematic aspects of memory practice in education related to the stories of 1950's persecution. The third study discuses results of empirical research aimed on...
Forgotten Apocalypse - The Czech Reflection of the Retreat of the German Heeresgruppe Mitte
Jakl, Tomáš ; Beneš, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Hutečka, Jiří (referee) ; Mücke, Pavel (referee)
Title: Forgotten Apocalypse - The Czech Reflection of the Retreat of the German Heeresgruppe Mitte Author: Mgr. Tomáš Jakl Abstract: There are war campaigns that can be described simply, others more difficult to describe, and some cannot be reconstructed by a continuous narrative at all. The events in the Czech Lands in the first two weeks of May 1945 belong to the most difficult to describe. The fact that there was the largest of last German fighting groups of armies is well known. It is also commonly known that it was the Central Army Group commanded by Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner. Significantly less is known that as a result of the outbreak of the Czech Uprising, this group of armies retreated across the rebellious territory to the demarcation line between the US and the Red Army The last desperate illusion of German soldiers was that they would contact the Americans and jointly drive the Russians out of Europe. Allied Commander-in-Chief in the West, General Dwight David Eisenhower, did not intend to do anything after the death of US President Roosevelt, which the Soviet dictator could even interpret as a similar development. Not only did he forbid General Patton from crossing the agreed line in advance with the Soviets, visually accommodating the retreating Germans, but the US troops also released...
The historian W. W. Tomek and his importance in Czech historiography.
Pazderský, Roman ; Beneš, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Jiroušek, Bohumil (referee) ; Řezník, Miloš (referee)
Roman PAZDERSKÝ, The Historian W. W. Tomek and His Importance in the Czech Historiography, dissertation thesis, FF UK, Prague 2019 This dissertation thesis is an attempt to thoroughly evaluate the significance of the Czech historian Wácslaw Wladiwoj Tomek (1818-1905) for Czech historiography. The basic methodological assumption of the work is the belief that the meaning of Tomek's intellectual contribution can be adequately understood only on the basis of the broader contexts of his life and work, which are perceived in his integral interconnection with the corresponding social, political and cultural contexts of the history of the Czech society in the 19th century. The introductory chapters provide a detailed overview of the sources and literature on the subject, including the discussion of W. W. Tomek's present reflections in a wider rather than narrow historiographical space. The essential part of the introduction is the subchapter Czech Historiography as a Research Topic, aiming to find a suitable conceptualization key for competent reflections on the changes of the Czech historiography of the 19th century on the background of relevant social and historical contexts. The following chapter, titled "Long Life in a Short Impression," presents a clear outline of Tomek 's life, whose aim is not to...
Penetration of musical culture into the socialist Czechoslovakia
Černý, Lukáš ; Beneš, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Kovář, Martin (referee)
The Bachelor thesis is dealing with the penetration of musical culture into the socialist Czechoslovakia in the period of social release and mild political melting in the middle of the fiftees (50's). It show us the first rock'n'roll music and its conflict with the regime and its reactions back then. How the foreign music came here and itrs influcence on people. Its captures the first display of this music and the first mention in the press and the cinematography. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to briefly summarize the historical developmental lines of unofficial music in your country and its beginning to the period of the first official bands.
Marquis de La Fayette and His Impact on the American Independence War and the French Revolution
Bílková, Alžběta ; Kovář, Martin (advisor) ; Beneš, Zdeněk (referee)
Marquis La Fayette: His influence on the American war of Independence and the French Revolution The aim of this bachelor thesis is to analyze the life of marquis de La Fayette, in two revolutions as a so called "Hero of Two Worlds" - his influence in the American Revolution and French Revolution in the Age of Enlightment, including the analysis of his political and military merits and deeds. The first part of this thesis deals with Marquis' life before his departure to America, followed by listing of battles he was involved in, also it focuses on his relationship with George Washington and his fellow officers. The next part deals with his political activities back in France on the brink of the French of Revolution, which has shaken the very core of European society, including his work on The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. The last part shortly deals with La Fayette's political fall during the events of the Massacre on Champ de Mars. Keywords French Revolution, American Revolutionary War, General La Fayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch, Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette; revolution, Enlightment
Image of General Radola Gajda in czechoslovak communist Historiography.
Kulas, Jan ; Beneš, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Sládek, Miloš (referee)
Radola Gajda, the general of the czechoslovak legions in Russia and one of the commanders of the army "supreme ruler of Russia", the siberian dictator Alexander Vasilevich Kolchak, the then general of the czechoslovak army, which in a short time reached to the highest place, after their overthrow fascist politician and leader of the main czechoslovak fascist party, Národní obec fašistická and participant of many scandals, is one of the most controversial figures in czech and czechoslovak history. On the one hand, a brilliant military leader, a born military commander, on the other hand, a person with sympathy for the authoritarian regimes and fascist parties, which president Tomáš G. Masaryk of his time considered one of the greatest threats to the czechoslovak democracy. The inconsistency of the person of general Gajda has led to the often very significant differences in the perception of this significant figure in our history during the different political regimes that took turns on the territory of the czech lands. As one of the most important commanders of the czechoslovak legions in Russia was Gajda main initiator of their military campaigns against the Bolsheviks, and in fundamental opposition to communism remained even after the rest of your life. Just as essential was the resistance of the...
Children in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
Fišerová, Andrea ; Beneš, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Šmíd, Marek (referee)
In this diploma thesis with the title Children in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia I try to look at war period through children's eyes. At first I focus on children of Czech then German, Jewis and finaly Roma origin. I constantly deal with events, institutions and places that have essentially influenced their lives. In chapter about Czech children I pay attention to their education, Curatorium for youth education in Bohemia and Moravia, internment camps, the fate of children whose parents were imprisoned or executed and children from Lidice and Ležáky. In connection to German children I also don't forget the project Kinderlandverschickung. Next chapters deals with children of Jewish and Roma origin, their persecution and concentration camps. I attempt to capture daily reality of children in this period and in last two chapters deal with children's relationships with their parents and with other children.
Historical reflections in current European song lyrics (since 1980) in selected thematic areas and its influence on historical consciousness
Haken, Jiří ; Beneš, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Kovář, Martin (referee)
This thesis will be examining current song lyrics in popular and scholarly way to professionally judge possibilities of real impact of this lyrics to a historical consciousness of the listener. Then it will be following up the reasons why are historical topics so frequentative in song lyrics, various ways of interpretations, way od misinterpretations, influence of used instrument like language, form of the performance, sings, composition, mass character etc… To every each chosen interpret will be dedicated concrete and specific space in this thesis by the amount of the historical impact in his work. The result of this thesis should be very integrated and educated view to this subject of interest.

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