National Repository of Grey Literature 74 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Foreign Direct Investment of China in Central Europe under the One Belt One Road Policy
Zhang, Han ; Benáček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Bejkovský, Jan (referee)
This paper attempts to explore China's direct investment in Central Europe under the OBOR initiative. China's economic cooperation in Central Europe is short and the total amount is small. First, this paper analyzes the current situation of Chinese investment including scales, industrial structure, investment entities. Second, through data integration, this paper analyzes the competitive advantage of China's investment in Central Europe. Finally, this paper explores the motives of Chinese investment through the panel data model. The results show that the market size, technology level, resources and other factors of the Central European countries can attract Chinese investment. At the same time, the local environment, economic stability and other factors do not affect China's investment in infrastructure construction. China has laid the foundation for its economic and trade cooperation with Central Europe and is also a strategic choice between China and the United States. Keywords CE-China investment, competitive advantage, OBOR,economic cooperation,motivation of investment Author's e-mail feelingtime1995@163.com Supervisor's e-mail vladimir.benacek@fsv.cuni.cz
Mexico's Trade Policy During the Pena Nieto Administration
Ferrara Torres, Geovanna ; Kozák, Kryštof (advisor) ; Benáček, Vladimír (referee)
Mexico's Trade Policy During The Pe Kryštof Kozák, Ph.D. Despite the efforts of trading with other countries, there is still a dominant economic dependence on the United States due to the NAFTA agreement. The master thesis studies Mexico's trade policy and its effects on trade during the Peña Nieto administration with particular attention paid to how the government has tried to diversify trade. A descriptive analysis is used with research in exports, imports and foreign direct investment.
China's One Belt and One Road Initiative and its potential for the tourism industries in Africa, Asia and Europe: a gravity model approach
Jannaschk-Schmitz, Patrick ; Paulus, Michal (advisor) ; Benáček, Vladimír (referee)
In 2013, China presented the idea of the infrastructure project One Belt One Road. The thesis aims to analyse the potential effects of the initiative, and how its attempt to improve transport infrastructure will impact EU-tourist flows to participating countries. A closer look to the effects on the tourism industry is justified because of the importance of the touristic sector for the global economy. For instance, the direct contribution of the touristic sector accounted for 2.3 trillion USD worldwide in 2016. A gravity model approach is used in the following paper to examine the significance of road, railway, air service as well as port infrastructure for tourists from the European Union. Afterwards, an OBOR simulation is carried out that forecasts a potential change for EU-tourist inflows. The results go in line with previous gravity model studies regarding the positive relationship of the GDP and the inverse influence of the distance on tourism flows. Furthermore, the findings suggest a significant impact of well-developed road, railway and air service networks. However, the quality of ports did not meet the expectations and is somewhat contra productive for the decision making of EU tourists. The simulation for the improvement of transport infrastructure implies that countries with an under-...
Music and politics: How musicians and their music become a factor in political discourse.
Ma, Liangliang ; Benáček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Calda, Miloš (referee)
1 Abstract The thesis emphasizes music and politics, discussing how musicians and their music become a factor in political discourse. As a powerful media, music can be involved in politics and used by politics. The thesis has categorized several ways of musicians and their music become a factor in the politics and also has listed special examples. According to dimensions of human interests, politics of power, politics of money and politics of behavior can be the three main intentions of music getting involved in politics. Musicians and politicians though have many intentions to let the music get connected to politics, the thesis finally reaches the conclusion that they are all for the result of the collective action of the people to achieve higher mutual interests. Keywords Music, Politics, Political Communication, Collective Action, Human Interest
Potential for Agricultural Trade between China and Central and Eastern Europe within the 16+1 Framework
Rasenko, Elena ; Semerák, Vilém (advisor) ; Benáček, Vladimír (referee)
The goal of the following paper is to analyse the trade potential for Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and China in the trade of food products. Even though the trade in food products is comparably low, there are several reasons why it is worth a deeper analysis. Food security is having an important role in the Chinese domestic politics. Due to environmental, socio- economic and demographic changes, China cannot be self-sufficient and is therefore dependent on food imports. Since the introduction of the One Belt One Road Initiative and the 16+1 framework, China aims to improve the cooperation and trade in food commodities with participating countries. CEE can be a reliable partner because it produces high quality products with comparative advantages. With the help of the Gravity Model, the effects of the 16+1 framework was estimated, as well as the trade potential. Following the results, the introduction of the 16+1 framework has a positive and significant effect on agricultural trade between CEE and China. However, only five countries have potential to increase their food exports to China, while the remaining eleven already exceed their food exports. China on the other hand, is exporting below its potential in most of the cases.
Analysis and Aspects of Art as an Alternative Investment and its Price Determinants
Mozolikova, Alica ; Benáček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Moravcová, Hana (referee)
The purpose of this thesis is to examine the potential of art as an alternative investment. To do this, we start with a brief history of art market that is followed by an analysis of art market structure. We cover numerous risks affecting the behavior in the market subject to information asymmetry. As far as the feasibility of art as an investment is concerned, we identify different types of alternative investment and compare their potential. Despite high opacity of the art market, more data are being made available giving us an opportunity to present a clearer explanation of the current state of the art market. A question has to be asked, does the value of art solely depend on the subjectivity of human taste or on an opportunity to speculate? The subject of the detailed discussion are, both, internal and external factors, which influence the value of artworks, and hence the sale price. Using econometric analysis of auction records, we aim to uncover objective factors, which determine the sale price. The analyses lead to a conclusion that the price determinants, the most notable of which are auction houses and auction location, affect the sale price to a different extent. Yet, regardless the price, our subjective personal pleasure from a particular art piece might be crucial. JEL Classification Key...
The Role of the World Trade Organization in the Economic Crisis of 2008-2013
Fiala, Milan ; Parízek, Michal (advisor) ; Benáček, Vladimír (referee)
The World Trade Organization (WTO) has sought to liberalize the international trade market and prevent the rise of protectionism. This bachelor thesis aims to test the impact of the WTO, in particular the impact of the Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM), on preventing the rise of protectionism in the times of economic crisis of 2008. The main assumption is the deterrent effect of the Mechanism, it means the more disputes are there in the concrete sector, the less is the sector susceptible to increased protectionism. The second objective is to test the relative change of tariff and non-tariff barriers in times of economic crisis. I expect that the non-tariff barriers have increased and the average tariff rates have decreased, while the compensatory effect is being predicted between the rise in non-tariff barriers and the decrease in tariff rates. In the case of a high increase in non-tariff barriers in one sector, there should be a sharp decline in average tariff rates. Using a simple regression analysis method, a negative relationship between the number of disputes in the sector and the increase in protectionism has been found.
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF TATMADAW: Are Natural Resources A Barrier To An Economic Transition In Myanmar?
Kumbun, Lanung Tu ; Benáček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Růžička, Ivan (referee)
Myanmar's economic freedom is ranked the lowest amongst ASEAN countries. Thus its fact that Myanmar's economy is interfered with by the military regime - The question "Why economic growth and prosperity?" needs to be analyzed in order to understand Tatmadaw's intervention in the economy. The "Are natural resources a an economic transition in Myanmar?" and "How does Tatmadaw control natural resources?" The hypotheses I test here are: (1) "The abundance of entrepreneurial society." (2) "Natural resources are an important factor enabling Tatmadaw to game." (3) "Natural resources partially trigger and fuel civil war between Tatmadaw and ethnic armed groups due to contesting resource grabs." And (4) "China's resource hunger is conducive to Tatmadaw to exploit natural resources". In my
Economic Integration in North America: Theory and Reality of Rules of Origin
Dotřelová, Anna ; Benáček, Vladimír (advisor)
Rules of origin are somehow overlooked but crucial feature of the free trade areas. They prevent trade deflection but they may also cause changes of producers' behavior. In the first part of this work the impact of restrictive rules of origin formulation will be described. In the later part the attention is focused on the rules of origin in the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA), their specification as well as their impact on trade. The main aim is to measure the height of NAFTA's transaction costs connected with the preferential treatment. We use a new approach to estimate these costs, based on detailed elaboration of the Harmonized Schedule of the United States, detailed import data on HS6 level and comparison of gravity models' results in different preference margin groups. Our result suggests that NAFTA's compliance costs are somewhere between 4.6% and 4.9% percent of the import value
Gravity model and efficiency of trade between China and EU countries: Visegrad group, Germany, Austria
Papoušek, Radan ; Benáček, Vladimír (advisor) ; Janský, Petr (referee)
Bibliographic note Papoušek Radan. Gravity model and efficiency of trade between China and EU countries: Visegrad group, Germany, Austria. Praha 2017. 87 p. Master's thesis (Mgr.) Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Eco- nomic Studies. Supervisor: doc. Ing. Vladimír Benáček CSc. Character count: 115 210 Abstract The thesis analyzes bilateral trade between China and Visegrad group (V4), Austria, and Germany. I use panel data of 23 countries across 1995-2015 to esti- mate gravity model. I compare the countries among themselves (time-series view) and analyze the development of the crucial variables employed in the model (cross- sectional view). Further, I estimate efficiency scores based on stochastic frontier analysis (SFA). Connecting the findings from all three perspectives provides com- prehensive picture of the trade relations of the given countries with China. The thesis reveals that accession to EU was beneficial for trade between V4 and China. Global value chains (GVCs) also help to intensify the trade exchange between the European countries and China. I find that Austria and Germany exhibit higher effi- ciency scores for their exports mainly due to better positions in global value chains. V4's trade balance with China is very sensitive to the decisions of the international...

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1 Benáček, V. J.
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