National Repository of Grey Literature 48 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The Use of New Types of Carbon Electrodes for Voltammetric Determination of Organic Compounds
Birhanzlová, Tereza ; Barek, Jiří (advisor) ; Labuda, Ján (referee) ; Ludvík, Jiří (referee)
This Ph.D. thesis is focused on the use of a new type of non-toxic electrode (carbon film electrode - CFE) for voltammetric determination of environmental organic pollutants and on the development and use of a new type of solid electrode modified with carbon nanotubes for the determination of 2-nitrophenol (2-NP) and 8-nitroquinoline (8-NQ). The work is a continuation of the previous study of 5- nitroquinoline (5-NQ) using CFE in author's bachelor and diploma thesis. The determination of 5-NQ based on anodic oxidation is not possible at CFE and thus 2-NP was chosen as a model substance for voltammetric determination in both regions of potential window (cathodic and anodic). Further attention was paid to the development of a new type of carbon electrode with surface containing carbon nanotubes and its application for the determination of 8-NQ using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) based on cathodic reduction of present nitro group. Silver solid electrode (AgE) as a substrate electrode for following modification was used. At first, the AgE itself was used for determination of 8-NQ in deionized water and in model samples of drinking and river water. Then the possibility of electrode surface modification using different type of carbon nanotubes was investigated. The AgE modified with carboxylated...
Development of electrochemical methods for study of antibacterial compounds in small volumes
Gajdár, Július ; Barek, Jiří (advisor) ; Šiškanova, Tatiana (referee) ; Labuda, Ján (referee)
Main goal of this Ph.D. thesis is to develop voltammetric methods for the electrochemical study of novel antimycobacterial compounds hydroxynaphthalene- carboxamides. Firstly, this study was focused on the miniaturization of voltammetric methods and construction of an electrochemical microcell due to usually small volume of samples that are associated with an analysis of biologically active compounds in biological matrices. Therefore, all aspects of the voltammetric procedure were studied in a relation to miniaturization. Microcells were based on commercially available electrodes: glassy carbon electrode as a reliable electrode material with well-described characteristics and a novel silver solid amalgam electrode. This study was carried out with analytes 4-nitrophenol, pesticide difenzoquat, and 1-hydroxy-N-(4-nitrophenyl)naphthalene-2-carboxamide. Attention was paid especially to the optimization of oxygen removal procedures in the drop of a solution. Developed miniaturized methods had the same parameters for the determination of studied compounds as in bigger volumes. The proposed electrochemical microcell can be generally used for voltammetric analysis of those samples of biological or environmental origin that are usually available in very limited volumes. Second part of the thesis was focused...
Development of Novel Electrochemical Methods Using Various Membrane Materials for Monitoring of Selected Anticancer Drugs and Phytochelatins
Skalová, Štěpánka ; Barek, Jiří (advisor) ; Labuda, Ján (referee) ; Trnková, Libuše (referee)
Present Ph.D. Thesis is focused on the development of electrochemical methods for determination of anticancer drugs using various types of membranes for their preliminary separation. Furthermore, this Thesis reports the study of transport mechanisms of heavy metals in the presence of phytochelatins across biological membranes. Sodium anthraquinone-2-sulphonate (AQS) was used as a model compound for its similar structure with anthraquinone-based (AQ-based) anticancer drugs (doxo/daunorubicin) and also due to its better availability. All these compounds can be easily electrochemically oxidized and/or reduced. Redox behaviour of AQS was investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) in a cathodic region on mercury meniscus modified (m-AgSAE) and polished silver solid amalgam (p-AgSAE) electrodes, Obtained results were used for the development of a micro-volume voltammetric cell (MVVC). Its applicability for voltammetric determination of anticancer drugs was verified by using doxorubicin (DX) as a model substance. The second part of this Thesis deals with therapeutic monitoring of anticancer drugs in the blood circulation of the patients. For pilot experiments, a liquid-flow system with dialysis catheter and amperometric detection was used. The flow rate of carrier...
Voltammetric and Amperometric Determination of Nitrophenols Using Boron-Doped Diamond Film Electrode
Karaová, Jana ; Barek, Jiří (advisor) ; Šelešovská, Renáta (referee) ; Jaklová Dytrtová, Jana (referee)
Presented Ph.D. Thesis is focused on the use of the boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes for voltammetric and amperometric determination of selected nitrophenols: 2-nitrophenol (2NP), 4-nitrophenol (4NP), and 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4DNP). These compounds are listed as "priority pollutants" by United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) due to their negative impact on living organisms and are mainly used in agriculture as plant growth stimulators. BDD electrodes are used for determination of wide range of electrochemically both reducible and oxidisable organic compounds and have become a popular electrode material thanks to its commercial availability and excellent mechanical and electrochemical properties. A differential pulse voltammetric method was developed for the determination of 2NP, 4NP and 2,4DNP at a BDD film electrode using electrochemical reduction and of 4NP and 2,4DNP using electrochemical oxidation. The method was successfully applied for the direct determination of these compounds in drinking and river water in the concentration range from 4×10-7 to 2×10-5 mol.L-1 . To improve the limit of quantification, a preconcentration by solid phase extraction from 100 mL (drinking and river water) and 1000 mL (drinking water) of water samples was used with limit of determination...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 48 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
6 Barek, J.
2 Barek, Jan
2 Barek, Jaroslav
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