National Repository of Grey Literature 99 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Gender politics of Great Britain during the Premiership of David Cameron and Tony Blair
Kubíková, Kateřina ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Bíba, Jan (referee)
(in English): The aim of the theses is to map the development of feminization of two main British political parties, Conservative and Labour party from the point of view of descriptive participation, i.e. women representation in the party and parliamentary structure. Incorporation of women organization into the party structure including also integration of women's concerns into the party manifesto is another topic presented in the text. Attitude towards women advancement and women enfranchisement based on the overall perception of women identity are also included. The second part of the thesis focuses on specific premiership period of Tony Blair and David Cameron with regards to the aspect of feminization mentioned above and legislative steps and their influence on life and position of women in wider society. As a part of the theses, the comparison of both terms of office, from the point of view of their attitudes towards women's issues and strategies of promoting women political participation, are involved.
The Democratic People, who are you? An Investigation into the Concept of the Democratic People in Contemporary France
Drahokoupil Vidímová, Sára ; Bíba, Jan (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
(in English): This thesis deals with the phenomenon of populism on examples from contemporary France. Regarding the complexity of the concept and also the fact that scholars couldn't find a consensus on its definition, the author decided to examine it through Ernesto Laclau`s theory of populism which centers the construction of the people. Being oriented in French modern history and politics, the author chose for her analysis the current political movements - La France Insoumise and the National Front, which are discourses are centered on the construction of the people. Within the period between 2016 and 2018, she observed the way in which the notion of the people was constructed by the main representatives of both movements (especially the chairman of the National Front Marine Le Pen and the chairman of La France Insoumise Jean-Luc Mélenchon) with the aim to trace whether these movements differed and what role their leaders played. To illustrate her discourse analysis, the author conducted several semi-structured interviews with activists of the investigated movements and participated in organized public events. She concludes that there exists a difference between the construction of the people by National Front and by La France Insoumise same as their leaders often disagree with its activist...
War and Nationalism. Formation of Bosniak and Serbian national identity
Žaba, Jakub ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Hesová, Zora (referee)
The thesis analyzes formation of Muslim nationalism identity during the 20th century and then its radical discursive transformation in the context of the Bosnian war between 1992 and 1995 and the conflicting struggle with neighboring Serbian nationalism. Internal redefinition of the Muslim/Bosniak national identity is examined in the context of a number of structural, institutional and discursive continuities and discontinuities, as both a contingent and determined event at the same time. As a result of these heterogeneous processes, the current Bosniak national identity is mainly homogenized around the symbols of Islam and the national myth of eternal suffering of Bosniaks and the age-long genocidal endeavor of Non-Bosniaks that resulted in the "Serbian genocide/Holocaust" over Bosniaks between 1992 and 1995. Key words War, nationalism, national identity, ethnic conflict, nation-building, Bosniak nationalism, Muslim nationalism, Serbian nationalismm, Islam, genocide, Holocaust, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnian war
The peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Málková, Barbora ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The bachelor thesis will focus on the evolution and development of peace negotiations concerning the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The theoretical part will try to outline the basic definition of the term peace and its possible forms along with reflection on its sustainability from optics of realism and constructivism approach. The practical part will describe forms of the peace process itself between two nations and analyze the most important barriers in these efforts. The aim of the work is to analyze approaches of the Palestinian and Israeli parties towards previously defined obstacles and subsequent analysis of changes of those approaches during the peace process to the present time. Key words: peace, negotiations, peace process, Middle East, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, barriers
Comparation of US and Soviet propaganda during WW2
Chrz, Václav ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The goal of this bachelor thesis is to peek into thoughts mechanisms of Soviet and United States society through propaganda posters they published during the World War II. I suppose, that the conversation about something indicates something about ourselves as well (by the selection of expressions or by the subject of debate). Simultaneously I inspire myself by the specific semiological approach developed by Roland Barthes. He claims that every communication has certain secondary meaning that is submitted to the recipients for some purpose. I perceive propaganda posters as a communication that has its own admitted, declared part but at the same time it also has secondary, latent part which is not very obvious at first, but it is necessary to decode it. This mentioned decoding of secondary communication will occur in three topics which I established. Firstly I will analyze how indicated societies pictured themselves. Secondly I will focus on the picture of the enemy. Third theme will be dedicated to the picture of women. In the final part I will compare how indicated societies pictured chosen topics. Keywords: Propaganda, mythology, USSR, USA
Mundane Self-Legitimizations of Power: Distribution of the Sensible in the Israeli Settlements in the West Bank
Záhora, Jakub ; Ditrych, Ondřej (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee) ; Yacobi, Haim (referee)
Bibliographic Record ZÁHORA, JAKUB. Mundane Self-Legitimizations of Power: Distribution of the Sensible in the Israeli Settlements in the West Bank. Prague, 2017. 277 p. Doctoral dissertation (Ph.D.) Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Political Studies. Thesis supervisor: PhDr. Ondřej Ditrych, MPhil., Ph.D. Abstract: In this doctoral thesis I am looking into mechanisms, practices and political technologies that work to depoliticize contested and potentially disturbing realities. To make sense of these processes, I am utilizing the theoretical and conceptual apparatus derived from Foucault's and Rancière's respective works. Following Rancière, I conceptualize depolitization as a "distribution of the sensible", a particular ordering of what is presented to the senses and thus made intelligible, "obvious" and "natural". Understanding such arrangements in terms of a governmental programme, I focus mostly on material and visual elements of the dispositif that promotes this depoliticizing rationality. Empirically, I am investigating the case of the Israeli so-called non-ideological settlements in the West Bank. Despite some popular misconceptions, these communities attract Israelis by offering cheap public services and housing rather than for their religious-nationalistic...
Soft Power in the Struggle for Hegemony: The Case of China
Cvachovcová, Pavla ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
The goal of the bachelor thesis is to analyse the role of soft power in international environment from the point of view of the Power Transition Theory. The main issue is the position of soft power in the conflict emerging during the period of changing global dominance. Hypothesis assumes the challenger state in 21st century prefers to use soft power means rather than traditional military conflict for the purpose of changing status quo and reaching dominance in international environment. The case for application this proposition will be foreign policy of People's Republic of China, which seems like a potential challenger to present dominating United States in medium-term horizon.
Communism in Guatemala? Eisenhower's "New Look" and policy of rolling-back
Gregor, Patrik ; Fiala, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the causes, progress and consequences of the overthrow of the democratically elected and reform president of Guatemala - Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán in 1954 - the coup d'état of the "National Liberation Army" under the leadership of Carlos Castillo Armas and his "secret" US allies. The main reasons for the overthrow of the Árbenz's regime in Guatemala were the potential threat of "leaking of international communism" in the US sphere of influence, i.e. Western Hemisphere and threat of US economic interests in Guatemala which are interrelated with the agrarian reform declared by president Árbenz. The aim of this diploma thesis is to answer key questions related to the overthrow of president Árbenz in 1954. Keywords: Guatemala, USA, Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán, Carlos Castillo Armas, Dwight D. Eisenhower
American think tanks
Abu Eid, Ramzi ; Barša, Pavel (advisor)
This study deals with the phenomenon of think tanks in the United States. These organizations are broadly defined as public policy research institutes and are part of the non-profit, non-governmental organizations sector. However, this is to a great extend only theory. As this study brings to light, the field o f think tanks is not only vast in their number but as well in number and variety of subjects of their interests, the way how they approach them and the biases and influences that affect them on this way. The purpose o f the whole study was to put theoretical research o f think tanks, which is covered in its first part, together with a practical and concrete deep analysis o f a single institution o f this kind, covered in the case study on the Washington Institute for the Near East Policy (WINEP). This W ashington D.C. based think tank was chosen as a subject of the case study for several significant reasons. These included that it is a single­ issue and single-region oriented think tank with a potential big impact on American foreign policy-making in the chosen field o f its research. Additionally, the whole research o f the WINEP deals with the Near East, which is itself a very attractive as well as divisive region. Anyhow, it offers a broad range of important issues which may be approached in...
Immigration Policies of George W. Bush and Barack Obama
Salzerová, Lívia ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
The presented diploma thesis deals with the issue of American immigration policy, with emphasis on the immigration policies of the two former US presidents - George W. Bush and Barack Obama, and their comparison. The main purpose of this thesis is to answer the question, why their comprehensive immigration reform plans failed. KEYWORDS US; Immigration; Immigration Policies; George W. Bush; Barack Obama

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