National Repository of Grey Literature 105 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Green Freedom. Concept of emancipation in ecocentric thought
Reichelová, Tereza ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Křížkovský, Matyáš (referee)
(English) By the time the liberals triumphantly proclaimed the end of history, some environmentalists started to mobilize the public against western modernity by proclaiming the end of nature. For many people, the environmentalist agenda meant a new ideology that could exceed the classical ones; many, on the other hand, understood environmentalism as radically anti-ideological. In this thesis, I'll focus on the relationship between nature and society that lies in the core of both, environmental thought and modern emancipatory projects. I'll try to expose the inherent contradictions that the environmental discourse inherited from liberalism and Marxism.
Between Turkism and Bolshevism: the Formation of Central Asian Nation-States
Kaumen, Arman ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Slačálek, Ondřej (referee)
The main goal of this paper is to trace the formation of nation-states in Central Asia, primarily during the second half of the 19th and the first quarter of the 20th century. Although soviets played a significant role in shaping modern Central Asian political map, local national elites (like Alash Orda and jadids) and tsarist officials had contributed to this process as well. Thus, it is necessary to understand the interrelationship between all these key actors. Key words Central Asia, Bolshevism, nationalism, Turkism, nation-states
The Place of Truth by Ernest Gellner and Eric Voegelin
Sosna, Andrej ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Štefek, Martin (referee)
This diploma thesis "The Place of Truth by Ernest Gellner and Eric Voegelin" compares two major thinkers in the field of discourses of truth, faith, modernity, and democracy. Eric Voegelin represents unorthodox conservative views of the abstract place of truth, which is in close connection with the existence of individuals and with close relation to transcendent basis of being. Liberal thinker Ernest André Gellner is an advocate of individualism and rationalism, which significantly impact the very concept of truth. Attention is mainly focused on how these two different points of view define relation between domain of truth to modern democracy and totalitarian movements represented by ideologies, which were hegemonizing sphere of truth in society.
Africa in the Attentiveness of Great Powers: Development and Partnership
Nalejvač, Tomáš ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Hesová, Zora (referee)
The aim of the Master's thesis is to analyze the growing interest of the global economic system centers in the region of developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa with the account on weakening position of the West in relation to this region. The thesis will be structured into two sections. The first part will focus on the relationship between the West and countries of the African continent and the circumstances allowing not only the access of new challengers, but also alternative development models. In this respect the thesis will use the theoretical works of Adrian Leftwich and Claus Offe dealing with the issues of democratization and economic development and their mutual incompatibility. The second part of the thesis will analyze relations with these emerging, non-western power centers and their alternative development models. The research question of the thesis is formulated whether these alternative centers of the global economic system in the region of sub-Saharan Africa propagate their own conception of development models, with proclaimed respect for local conditions, as a challenger to the Western concept of development policy. The hypothesis assumes a certain degree of autonomy in case of developing countries in choosing "their" partner center. These centers are forced to offer certain...
Power and Myth of French Republicanism and Position of Elites in France
Špoutilová, Zuzana ; Hesová, Zora (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
This bachelor thesis is a reflection of French Republicanism and the position of elites in the institutional setting of the Fifth French Republic. The main task of this work is to explain the uprising of "the people" against the "elites" who in principle represent them. The thesis is a tripartite work. Part I examines the presentation of French republicanism and the so-called Grandes Écoles. Part II explores the question of who are the French Republican elites by examining their socio-cultural context. Particular focus is given to their educational credentials. The third and last section, Part III is devoted to the notion of dialogue within Republican society and the reasons why this dialogue, as of yet, has not been successful. Key words: Republicanism, France, elites
Making claims to disputed territories and its legitimisation in the cases of Israeli-Palestinian and Cyprus conflicts
Sochor, Michael ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Křížkovský, Matyáš (referee)
The aim of the bachelor thesis is to describe and to analyse the argumentation of actors of the conflicts over the disputed territories of Cyprus and of the area of Israel and Palestine. The initial point of the conflicts, according to the bachelor thesis, are nationalistic narratives, that, by their nature, are partly responsible for the conflicts. The bachelor thesis is analysing how these narratives were institucionalized, what are the principles of their dynamics and how these dynamics were influencing the actors. The role of the Ottoman Empire and of Great Britain is the matter of analyse, in both cases, too. Key words: Legitimisation of claims, disputed territories, Cyprus, Israel, Palestine, conflict, narative
Gender politics of Great Britain during the Premiership of David Cameron and Tony Blair
Kubíková, Kateřina ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Bíba, Jan (referee)
(in English): The aim of the theses is to map the development of feminization of two main British political parties, Conservative and Labour party from the point of view of descriptive participation, i.e. women representation in the party and parliamentary structure. Incorporation of women organization into the party structure including also integration of women's concerns into the party manifesto is another topic presented in the text. Attitude towards women advancement and women enfranchisement based on the overall perception of women identity are also included. The second part of the thesis focuses on specific premiership period of Tony Blair and David Cameron with regards to the aspect of feminization mentioned above and legislative steps and their influence on life and position of women in wider society. As a part of the theses, the comparison of both terms of office, from the point of view of their attitudes towards women's issues and strategies of promoting women political participation, are involved.
The Democratic People, who are you? An Investigation into the Concept of the Democratic People in Contemporary France
Drahokoupil Vidímová, Sára ; Bíba, Jan (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
(in English): This thesis deals with the phenomenon of populism on examples from contemporary France. Regarding the complexity of the concept and also the fact that scholars couldn't find a consensus on its definition, the author decided to examine it through Ernesto Laclau`s theory of populism which centers the construction of the people. Being oriented in French modern history and politics, the author chose for her analysis the current political movements - La France Insoumise and the National Front, which are discourses are centered on the construction of the people. Within the period between 2016 and 2018, she observed the way in which the notion of the people was constructed by the main representatives of both movements (especially the chairman of the National Front Marine Le Pen and the chairman of La France Insoumise Jean-Luc Mélenchon) with the aim to trace whether these movements differed and what role their leaders played. To illustrate her discourse analysis, the author conducted several semi-structured interviews with activists of the investigated movements and participated in organized public events. She concludes that there exists a difference between the construction of the people by National Front and by La France Insoumise same as their leaders often disagree with its activist...
War and Nationalism. Formation of Bosniak and Serbian national identity
Žaba, Jakub ; Barša, Pavel (advisor) ; Hesová, Zora (referee)
The thesis analyzes formation of Muslim nationalism identity during the 20th century and then its radical discursive transformation in the context of the Bosnian war between 1992 and 1995 and the conflicting struggle with neighboring Serbian nationalism. Internal redefinition of the Muslim/Bosniak national identity is examined in the context of a number of structural, institutional and discursive continuities and discontinuities, as both a contingent and determined event at the same time. As a result of these heterogeneous processes, the current Bosniak national identity is mainly homogenized around the symbols of Islam and the national myth of eternal suffering of Bosniaks and the age-long genocidal endeavor of Non-Bosniaks that resulted in the "Serbian genocide/Holocaust" over Bosniaks between 1992 and 1995. Key words War, nationalism, national identity, ethnic conflict, nation-building, Bosniak nationalism, Muslim nationalism, Serbian nationalismm, Islam, genocide, Holocaust, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnian war
The peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Málková, Barbora ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Barša, Pavel (referee)
The bachelor thesis will focus on the evolution and development of peace negotiations concerning the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The theoretical part will try to outline the basic definition of the term peace and its possible forms along with reflection on its sustainability from optics of realism and constructivism approach. The practical part will describe forms of the peace process itself between two nations and analyze the most important barriers in these efforts. The aim of the work is to analyze approaches of the Palestinian and Israeli parties towards previously defined obstacles and subsequent analysis of changes of those approaches during the peace process to the present time. Key words: peace, negotiations, peace process, Middle East, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, barriers

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