National Repository of Grey Literature 56 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Changes of fatty acids during production of model cheese
Janoušková, Kateřina ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
This thesis deals with the identification and quantification of free and bound fatty acids in model cheese samples of the Moravský bochník type, which were produced at Tomas Bata University in Zlín by a standard technological procedure. In a theoretical part of the thesis, the issues of lipids, fatty acids, as well as the characteristics of high cooked cheeses including Moravský bochník, microbial cultures used in their production, and the possibilities of fatty acids determination are summarized. The ČSN EN ISO 1735:2005 method was chosen for the lipid extraction from cheese samples. Present free and bound fatty acids were identified and quantified by gas chromatography with flame-ionization detection after conversion to methylesters by acid esterification with bortrifluoride as a catalyst. In total 32 fatty acids were identified in cheese samples, the highest amount of caproic, caprylic, capric, lauric, myristic, palmitic, stearic and oleic acids.
Waste materials utilization for preparing hydrolysates for the fermentation phase.
Vadovičová, Natália ; Hrstka, Miroslav (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
Bachelor thesis focuses on the study and comparison of different types of hydrolysis, their optimization and maximization of yields for the upcoming fermentation. Orange peel was chosen as a substrate to conduct the experiments. First, the substrate was mechanically grinded to form a suspension. Each suspension then underwent one out of the examined methods of hydrolysis. Chosen methods were physical, such as microwaves, increased temperature or ultrasound, and chemical acidic and alkaline. Combinations of both types were also examined. The last optimized method was enzymatic hydrolysis. First set of experiments was conducted using enzymes Novozymes® NS50013 and NS50010. Production of cellulase and pectinase enzymes by A. niger during solid-state fermentation that lasted 10 days was also studied. The yields of reducing sugars of all the experiments were calculated using the Somogyi-Nelson method. Enzymatic hydrolysis was proven to be the most effective using the combination of both of the enzymes for a period of 96 hours at pH = 4.5 and temperature 45 °C. Yield of the reducing sugars under these conditions reached 27,4241 ± 0,0007 gl-1.
Thermotolerant strains application for preparation of selected metabolites on waste hydrolysates
Musilová, Kristína ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
This Bachelor´s Thesis deals with the preparation of the selected metabolite on hydrolysates of orange fruit waste, specifically on orange peel hydrolysates using thermotolerant strains. The thermotolerant Bacillus coagulans strain having lactic acid as the primary metabolite, a substance with a great perspective, was selected for the fermentation process for its exceptional properties. At the beginning of the experiment, optimal conditions for the growth of the selected microorganism were determined; these were applied during the fermentations. Several fermentations were performed under various conditions until those conditions were determined, in which lactic acid was produced. The fermentation production was determined by the HPLC method and the saccharide decrease by the Somogyi-Nelson method. To achieve lactic acid production, it was necessary to extract the orange peels by an organic agent before fermentation, in order to eliminate substances causing inhibition of micro-organism growth. Higher yields were achieved by the SHF method, but the highest by using the Lactobacillus casei strain.
Mathematic modeling of microorganisms growth
Kecskésová, Viktória ; Obruča, Stanislav (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
The aim of Bachelor thesis was mathematical modeling of microbial growth, namely Lactobacillus casei CCM 4798. Microorganism was cultivated in Erlenmeyer flasks by technique batch cultivation. Used media were composed with recommended chemicals for the growth of lactobacilli and various concentrations of substrate. Subsequently, the growth curves were determined in two ways, as the dependence of optical density to time and the concentration of dry biomass per time. It were selected three suitable models, model of exponential growth, Monod model and Tessier model. Further, using MATLAB, application Curve Fitting Toolbox and mathematical models was modeled exponential phase of growth curves. According to statistics in MATLAB it was founded that the best fit was enabled of model of exponential growth.
The optimization and validation of the GC-MS method for assessment of volatile aroma compounds in cheese
Koubek, Miroslav ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
This work deals with the introducing of the method for the determination of volatile aroma active compounds in different types of natural and processed cheeses. The theoretical part describes the basic groups of aroma compounds. Than the methods used for their determination with focusing on solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry are described. The experimental part deals with the optimization of the selected method parameters. For extracting volatile substances from the sample matrix the fiber DVB/CAR/PDMS 50/30 m was selected, these compounds were then determined by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. In the frame of validating proces the repeatability of the method was verified, RSDs of retention times
The assessment of basic chemical parameters of natural cheese
Školová, Dominika ; Babák, Libor (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
The aim of this work was to determine basic chemical parameters of natural cheese, namely Camembert type (white mold cheese) and Emmentaler type (cheese with high-heat curd). Model samples of cheese were produced in a pilot plant using unpasteurized milk in"organic" quality. Based on the literature search following parameters suitable for simple and fast characterization of cheese composition were selected: dry matter (drying to constant weight), fat in dry matter (calculated), total nitrogen (resp. determination of protein content) by the Kjeldahl method and fats, resp. total lipids (extraction with solvent). The results were finally compared with samples of the corresponding cheese type purchased on the market.
Optimization of ethanol bioproduction from waste materials using SSF method
Filová, Dagmar ; Vránová, Dana (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
Presented diploma thesis is dealing with the problematics of fuel ethanol production. Relevant basic terminology is explained in the theoretical part, methods of lignocellulose pre-treatments and their conversion to bioethanol are introduced. Attetion is also given to microorganisms used for bioethanol production on industrial scale, as well as analytical instrumental techniques for glucose and ethanol detection. In experimental part, we are focusing on substrate composition analysis – contents of dry matter, cellulose and ash was investigated. Waste paper was chosen as substrate, as it does not find any other use beside recycling these days. Chosen production microorganism, that conversts sugars into etanol was the unknown strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Primal substrate pre-treatment – removal of rigid parts was performed in several physical and physical – chemical ways. Substrate with such pre-treatment was ready for enzymatic hydrolysis, during which monomers from polymer matrix were formed. Ethanol was produced using method of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation, when enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation take place at the same time and the same container.
A bioconversion study of cellulosic waste to ethanol using yeasts systems
Čalová, Iveta ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with the optimization of the production of ethanol from waste paper using yeast. There were used 4 kinds of paper as a substrate - office paper, non-recycled workbook, recycled workbook and newspaper. All papers were pretreated with the following procedures: grinding, microwaves + NaOH, microwave + H2SO4 and microwave + H2SO4 + NaOH. The glucose concentration was determined in enzymatic hydrolysis by HPLC. Saccharomyces cerevisiae were chosen for ethanol production. The production of ethanol was carried out with all the pretreated papers in simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. During hydrolysis, the pretreated papers have reached the highest results in the combination with microwave + H2SO4 + NaOH. Non-recycled workbook was the only exception, where the highest concentration of glucose has been obtained by the pretreatment of microwaves + H2SO4. Following results have been acquired: office paper 24,69 gdm-3, non-recycled workbook 22,47 gdm-3, recycled workbook 16,94 gdm-3 and newspapers 15,36 gdm-3. SSF was carried out again with all the papers and their pretreatments. The highest concentration of ethanol has been achieved in microwave pretreatment + H2SO4 + NaOH. The highest overall concentration has been gained from the office paper, amounted to 16,98 gdm-3. The maximum concentration of ethanol for non-recycled workbook has been 15,25 gdm-3, for recycled workbook 12,2 gdm-3 and for newspapers 12,59 gdm-3.
Use of Kluyveromyces marxianus to bioethanol produce from waste paper
Tomečková, Andrea ; Hrstka, Miroslav (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
The diploma thesis is focused on production possibilities of bioethanol from waste paper by yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus. Waste cardboard was used as a potential substrate for bioethanol production. Several methods for cardboard preparation were introduced and compared as well as methods of fermentation. Simultaneous sacharification and fermentation and separate hydrolysis and fermentation of preprepared cardboard paper were performed in different pH buffer (4,8-7). Simultaneous sacharification and fermentation was held at a temperature of 45°C. Hydrolysis in separate hydrolysis and fermentation was performed at 50°C and fermentation at 25°C. Procedures outputs were obtained by sampling in specific time intervals and samples were analyzed by HPLC for presence and concentration glucose and ethanol. The results of the analysis have shown that the highest concentration of glucose produced by enzymatic hydrolysis was achieved by using microwaves, 2% H2SO4 and 2% NaOH pretreated paperboard at pH 4,8. The highest yield of ethanol was obtained by separate hydrolysis and fermentation of pulp pretreated by microwaves, 2% H2SO4 and 2% NaOH in pH 5,4 buffer. The method SHF proved to be more effective for the production of ethanol than SSF.
Comparison of microbial metabolic production from waste and powder whey
Elefantová, Petra ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Babák, Libor (advisor)
The master’s thesis discusses the comparison of microbial metabolic production from waste and powder whey. Whey is obtained as a by-product of cheese production. Lactose (preferably whey) using lactic acid bacteria (eg. Lactobacillus) under suitable temperature conditions is converted to lactic acid. Effect of temperature, effect of salts and effect of yeast extract on lactic acid production by L. casei were investigated. HPLC metod was determined lactid acid. In the practical part were used bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus. It was found that for dried and waste whey is the optimal temperature of 35 °C. At this temperature is the greatest gain of lactic acid. The highest concentration of lactic acid was obtained by using 20 g of yeast extract for dried whey and for waste whey were used 24 g of yeast extract. When monitoring the effect of salt concentration on the production of lactic acid, it was found that using only MnSO4·H2O gain most of lactic acid.

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