National Repository of Grey Literature 85 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Perception and assessment of cannabis quality among cannabis users and possibilities for harm reduction
Brandnerová, Michaela ; Běláčková, Vendula (advisor) ; Janíková, Barbara (referee)
Cannabis is the most used illicit drug globally. Nevertheless, cannabis users often do not have sufficient knowledge about cannabis. Definition of cannabis "quality" can include both desirable effects and safety profile of the product. Harm reduction approach is commonly deployed for other illicit substances and it is also necessary to advance it for cannabis. The aim of this research was to reveal what Czech cannabis users consider as "quality" cannabis and how they assess it. Respondents were asked what help them to prevent mental and physical harms and how it influenced the intoxication. For the purposes of this thesis, ethnographic research was chosen (Janeček, 2014). Collection of qualitative data was performed using the method of qualitative semi-structured interviews (Miovský, 2006). The interviews were coded using a method of grounded theory (Strauss & Corbin, 1999). Respondents' motivation for use was based on bio-psycho-socio-spiritual approach. Most of the participants distinguished "quality" cannabis by smell, level of intoxication, taste, structure and "health" aspects that depend on a method of cultivation. If cannabis users asked about the origin of cannabis, in few cases they did not get the information at all. Inexperienced respondents are not able to distinguish cannabis...
An analysis of web shops with New Psychoactive Substances and their marketing strategies
Pažitný, Martin ; Běláčková, Vendula (advisor) ; Grohmannová, Kateřina (referee)
The emergance of modern technologies has essential impact on the way people communicate, spend lisure and shop. The influence of internet has not avoid the market with psychoactive substances. Aproximately since 2008 has happend significant rise among the sops with new psychadelic substances(NPS). The rise of the shops has risen also an afford to monitor this new phenomenon. This thesis follows project Itrend that haas monitored the NPS shop in 2014 and 2015. The aim of the work is to provide more detailed estimate of this size of the market with NPS and the dynamics of its developement between years 2014 and 2106. The analysis of data overstep frame of project I­Trend. keywords: NSP,web shops, internet,marketing strategies
Impact of partial alcohol prohibition in the Czech Republic on the retail market with alcoholic beverages
Bóbiková, Jana ; Běláčková, Vendula (advisor) ; Vacek, Jaroslav (referee)
September 2012 had become known as a synonym for the methanol scandal in the Czech Republic during which over a hundred of individuals were hospitalized and several dozens of the patients died. This all occurred due to the ingestion of the adulterated alcohol. Whereas partial and time-limited prohibition which restricted the sales of alcoholic beverages with the alcohol content of 20 per cent and higher, was enforced in the Czech Republic from 14th to 27th September 2012. Due to further emerging poisonings in recent years is the topic of the methanol poisonings still relevant. The aim of the diploma paper is to depict the harm reduction strategies targeted on reducing the risks of the methanol poisonings used by the vulnerable target group of the alcoholic beverages consumers. Further are being outlined the risk behavior patterns and strategies in the targeted group of participants. According to the above mentioned aims is relevant to investigate the process of compliance of the emergency measures focused on the end market with the alcohol. Data gathered in the interviews with the retailers will help to obtain the general overview of the situation and supply the information about the possible plunges of the prohibition implementation and the strategies of the demand reduction implementation. The...
Abuse of new synthetic drugs among troubled users - distribution of NSD on open drug scene in the Czech Republic and their identification.
Beranová, Kateřina ; Běláčková, Vendula (advisor) ; Janíková, Barbara (referee)
New synthetic drugs are a new phenomenon that is expanding in many countries. NSD mimic the effects of traditional drugs phenomenological, but retain the hallmark of legal substances. NSD legal status is due to the fact that theses new substances are controlled by the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 or the UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances, 1971. To the Czech Republic this trend came somewhat later than in neighboring countries, and especially in 2010, when sales NSD was mainly in shops. This sale was completed in April 2011 becouse of entering 33th NSD to the list of psychotropic and narcotic substances and moved mostly to the internet. NSD composition is often changing, due to disabling preparatory material, it follows that the risks associated with the use of NSD are unpredictable. The research objective of this study is to determine the acquisition and distribution of NSD between problem drug users and also to map the most widely used NSD among this population.The main purpose of the research is to bring knowledge (as it's called, how it look, what it contains, where and from whom it receives, how much it costs). The survey was made up of semi-structures interviews (qualitative part) and structured questionnaires (quantitative part). Respondents were selected...
Patterns of mephedrone use in Kadaň and its surroundings: a qualitative study
Scherberová, Jana ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Běláčková, Vendula (referee)
Background: In few last years we can see a rise of use of a new psychoactive substances, not only in population of problem users, but in the general population, too. These substances mimic the affects of illegal drugs and using them can cause simmilar risks as using illegal drugs (EMCDDA, 2009c). The most commonly used new psychoactive substance is mephedrone. In last 4 years mephedrone has spread very fast in the european drug market, especially in Great Britain (Zaostřeno na drogy 4, 2010), where mephedrone became the 6th most popular drug in 2010 (Kuchař in Kalina et al., 2015). Prevalence researches of mephedrone have not been realized yet in Czech republic, but research made by National monitoring center focused on internet users in 2001 shows that from 1091 respondents in age range of 15 to 35, 50 have used new psychoactive substances. This 50 respondents and other 101 recruited by snowball sampling have participated in follow-up research, one third of this respondents have used mephedrone. Aims: The aim of the study was to describe patterns of use of mephedrone among its users in Kadaň and its surroundings. Emphasis is mainly placed on patterns of users bahavior from purchasing to aplication of mephedrone, what the intoxication looks like, which motives leads users to mephedrone use and with...
Health and Social Risks of Cannabis Use Among Spanish Cannabis Social Clubs` Members
Tomková, Alexandra ; Běláčková, Vendula (advisor) ; Zábranský, Tomáš (referee)
Cannabis social clubs (CSCs) in Spain are non-profit organizations that associate cannabis users. According to the Spanish criminal law drug consumption itself, as well as possession of a drug, is not considered a crime but rather an administrative offence. Yet, social club activities could possibly lower the health risk of cannabis among its users, mainly because they are avoiding the black market and they can control the drug quality as well as the amount of drug intake relating to the fixed consumption limit (Barriuso, 2005; Barriuso, 2011). The aim of the research conducted for this thesis was to reveal how Spanish CSCs function on daily basis from their members'perspective and how the cannabis cultivation and distribution is carried out. Although this is an explorative research, in addition it could indicate the possible weaknesses and strengths of this model as well as possible risks and benefits for its members. The open explorative qualitative study design was used. For data gathering qualitative data was chosen in a semi-structured focus group method (Miovský, 2006; Morgan 2001). One of the important joint activities of the social club members is cultivation of cannabis plants and sparing of the harvest just for their own consumption. As such, it's members can avoid the black market and...
New psychoactive substances: Availability in online shops, comparing the Czech Republic and Australia
Brandnerová, Michaela ; Běláčková, Vendula (advisor) ; Grohmannová, Kateřina (referee)
New psychoactive substances (NPS) are phenomena of growing diversity and relevance in recent times. Drug producers are trying to chemically modify classical drugs to avoid criminal prosecution, and are innovating their distribution strategies by selling over the internet. However, little is known about the toxicity and other properties of these substances, and therefore their potential to cause serious health problems remains to be properly investigated. The theoretical section is concerned with the description of different types of NPS, information regarding drugs and the internet and drug policy, followed by a summarization of the current situations in both, the Czech republic and Australia. In the practical section information about drug policy are compared, online marketting is discussed, as are seizures, prevalence systems, prevalence of problem regarding recreational drug users and the general population. The last table summarizes and compares NPS definitions and selected questions from I-TREND and EDRS questionnaires. The drug policy in Australia differs throughout its territories, while in the Czech republic, the drug policy is united. Australia applies analogue laws and an individual list of restricted compounds. This list is being used in the Czech republic as well. The main goal of this...
New synthetic drugs - occurrence in the school population
Möllerová, Dagmar ; Běláčková, Vendula (advisor) ; Vacek, Jaroslav (referee)
Background: This bachelor thesis is created on the basis of current issue with the penetration of new synthetic drugs to czech market and theirs using. New synthetic drugs are psychotropic substances with effects resembling to traditional drugs. We can follow their increasing popularity in last years. In the Czech Republic this substances fell into the population subconscious especially at the end of 2010 thanks to traders who found out the way how circumvent the law. This drugs were legally sold in stores known mainly under the name Amsterdam Shop. Objectives: The main objective of this thesis is to contribute to the methology of the estimating prevalence of using this substances in school population in the Czech Republic. For this objective was processed a trial version of questionnaire for relevant target group which will serve to further research. Methods: The practical part of thesis is carried out a questionnaire survey (a trial version of representative survey at the national level). The questionnaire replies the following questions: (i) Awareness of Amsterdam shops at the school population (ii) What is the difference of prevalence of using the new synthetic drugs at school population of selected regions and types of schools? (iii) What is the frequently age group of using the new synthetic...
The impact advertisement on usage of alcohol in Slovak republic
Körmendy, Martin ; Běláčková, Vendula (advisor) ; Vopravil, Jiří (referee)
The bachelor's thesis deals with the impact of alcohol advertising in relation to the user. The aim of this work is to prove or disprove the assumption that advertising for alcoholic beverages affects patterns of alcohol use. The survey is done by questionnaire aimed at determining the extent to perceptions of specific advertising campaigns presented in the mass media, social media and direct marketing, that is analyzed with regard to specific patterns of alcohol use. I give, collect and evaluate anonymous questionnaire by myself. Quantitative results is processed in the form of a pivot analysis, in which we compare the impact of advertising on more or less risk alcohol users. The first part is theoretical, focusing on the impact of advertising on the individual, assessment of legislation aimed at limiting the negative impact of advertising, in the second part of this work results is evaluated and it is discussed the effectiveness of control measures. The results of questionnaire research did not unambigously demonstrate the influence of the advertising on comsumption of alcohol, however according to them we can observe that individual consumers choose the brand of alcoholic beverages according to the advertising.

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