National Repository of Grey Literature 33 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Atomic structure of FeRh(001) surface
Ondračka, Václav ; Bábor, Petr (referee) ; Čechal, Jan (advisor)
Alloy of iron-rhodium, Fe50Rh50, shows a low-temperature metamagnetic phase transition between its antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic state. A detailed description of this transition using the tools of surface analysis has not yet been done. This bachelor’s thesis focuses on preparation and characterisation of the alloy’s clean surface using X-ray photoemission spectroscopy and low-energy electron diffraction. A flat field correction and a diffraction measurement callibration is done using a sample with known crystal lattice in order to quantify the diffraction results.
Temperature drift compensation for nanostructure analysis
Hakira, Stanli ; Páleníček, Michal (referee) ; Bábor, Petr (advisor)
An ultra high vacuum apparatus for nanostructure experiments is being developed by the Tescan company in cooperation with the Institute of Physical Engineering of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering. The apparatus is designed for preparation, modification, and analysis of nano-scale structures. A sample holder which allows heating and cooling has been developed for the apparatus. A scanning electron microscope is attached to the chamber to provide analytical and manufacturing capabilities. During experiments with heating enabled, the sample moves relative to the SEM column, causing drift of the image. This bachelor thesis proposes a solution to the problem of temperature drift by the means of motion tracking based on image registration using Fourier transform. An application complementary to the SEM control software which implements the algorithm was designed and tested at the instrument.
Study of catalytic decomposition of silica
Štubian, Martin ; Kolíbal, Miroslav (referee) ; Bábor, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deals with catalytic decomposition of silica using electron microscopy and Auger spectroscopy. The thesis is primarily focused on the Au-Si phase, which is created during in the reaction. In the theoretical part, the principle of used methods is described and recherche on the catalytic decomposition of silica is presented. The practical part contains the results of the measurements and their interpretation.
Design of manipulator for ultrahigh electron microscope
Caesar, Radek ; Mach, Jindřich (referee) ; Bábor, Petr (advisor)
The main purpose of this thesis is mechanical design of a manipulator for an ultra-high vacuum scanning electron microscope (UHV SEM), being currently developed by TESCAN ORSAY HOLDING a.s. in cooperation with the Institute of physical engineering FME BUT. The manipulator is supposed to be able to handle with specimens in so-called preparation chamber, which the specimens are put in before placing into the analytic chamber. In the preparation chamber the surface finishing and also other operations are made. In the theoretical part some of the technologies used in vacuum engineering, especially various principles of pressure measurement and gas pumping, are described. Besides, the thesis is focused on a brief description of UHV SEM being developed and the methods of specimen preparation. The practical part deals with the concept and the mechanical design of manipulator itself.
Optimization of UHV SEM for nanostructure study in wide temperature range
Axman, Tomáš ; Zigo,, Juraj (referee) ; Bábor, Petr (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with the optimization of ultra-high vacuum scanning electron microscope - UHV SEM, which is developed within the Amispec project in cooperation with BUT, Institute of Scientific Instruments of the Czech Academy of Science and Tescan Brno, s.r.o. The theoretical part deals with the description of the actual state of the developed equipment and the research of competing systems. The next part describes the optimization of the sample holder and the pallet receptor for studying nanostructures over a wide range of temperatures. Part of the optimization is the sapphire thermal diode development and experimental verification of the functionality of the designed components. This is followed by the verification of the functionality of the whole system for the transport of samples to the UHV area, deposition with effusion cell and in-situ observations.
Preparation of sample cross-sections and analysis by SIMS
Karlovský, Juraj ; Pechal, Radim (referee) ; Bábor, Petr (advisor)
This thesis studies possible methods of semiconductor sample measurement by SIMS, with emphasis on testing different measurement parameters and sample preparation. Part of this master thesis deals with the design of a modified sample holder compatible with the used ToF-SIMS$^{5}$ instrument, IONTOF company, which is capable of tilting the sample by defined angle. This holder enables sample preparation in the main chamber of the instrument without the need of transferring the sample between instruments, which limits the probability of sample contamination. This sample holder was tested by ion machining of TIGBT sample edge and by imaging of a crater edge, created in previous measurement. Edge termination structures prepared by different techniques were measured on the TIGBT samples. Further measurements with the goal of optimizing the depth resolution for thin layers were done on Molybdenum-Silicon-multilayer X-Ray Mirror. Part of the measurements was focused on comparing depth profiles measured at low temperatures. For these measurements the samples with Indium multilayers in GaN substrate were used.
Using genetic programming in robot evolution
Babor, Petr ; Mráz, František (advisor) ; Neruda, Roman (referee)
Artificial neural networks learned by evolutionary algorithms are commonly used to control the robots. Neural networks can be encoded either directly as a list of weights or indirectly as a weight generator. Unlike direct coding indirect encoding allows to encode a large network using a short genetic code. HyperNEAT is a neuroevolutionary algorithm, which encodes the neural network indirectly, through another (producing) network, which computes synaptic weights. A different algorithm called HyperGP is an alternative to HyperNEAT. In HyperGP, the producing network is replaced by an arithmetic expression, which is being evolved using a genetic programming (GP). We have designed enhancements for HyperGP, using techniques that are either known in a different context of GP or completely new. Algorithm and enhancements have been implemented and experimentally tested on a task of controlling virtual walking robot. The results were compared with HyperNEAT and with the original HyperGP. We have shown that most of the proposed enhancements are effective and, on the given task, HyperGP is better than HyperNEAT. GP thus can successfully replace NEAT in hyper-encoding scheme and improve its efficiency. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Comparative spectral analysis by ESA–LEIS and TOF–LEIS methods
Strapko, Tomáš ; Průša, Stanislav (referee) ; Bábor, Petr (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is about the overall procedure of the LEIS experiment with the aim to obtain reionization curve: from the construction adjustment of the original SARS set-up, through the construction assembly and electrical plug-in of the apparatus to the energy spectrum measurement of the pure copper sheet with following computation of reionization curve.
Study of chemical cleaning of surfaces by LEIS method
Staněk, Jan ; Polčák, Josef (referee) ; Bábor, Petr (advisor)
This thesis deal with studying chemical etched surfaces of cadmium telluride crystals (CdTe crystals) by low-energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS method). In the theoretical part, there is description of physical essence of LEIS method, including experimental arrangement of Qtac100 instrument, on which the experiment is measured. The LEIS method is also compared with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). There is summary of properties and structure of CdTe crystals including principle of X-ray detectors, which are the primary use of the crystals. In experimental part there is a description of measuring process, starting with a calibration measurement, ongoing with a chemical etching and ending with a surface analysis. There are examples of LEIS spectra with comments and interpretation including comparison with XPS data.
Analysis of locally modified surfaces for selective growth of cobalt
Krajňák, Tomáš ; Bábor, Petr (referee) ; Čechal, Jan (advisor)
In this thesis the chemical composition of silicon substrates locally modified by focused gallium ion beam by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is determined. In order to determine the influence of focused ion beam, the sample comprising sputtered square areas with nominal depths in range of 1 to 10 nm was prepared. Next, the sample was heated to elevated temperatures (500 - 700 °C) to reveal changes in the sputtered areas induced by annealing. In this work by X-ray photoelectron spectrometer Kratos Supra and electron microscope Tescan LYRA3 with focused ion beam were used. From the measured spectra of the Si 2p and Ga 2p3/2 peaks measured as a function of nominal sputtering depth and annealing temperature the following main observations were obtained. First, there is the additional peak component in the Si 2p peak, which can be assigned to the amorphous silicon. The second important finding is that gallium can be removed from near surface volume by annealing at temperatures beyond 700 °C.

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