National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Written report of the contractor on the results of the research in ophtalmology, implantation and cell biology.
Ardan, Taras
Research on the reaction of the organism and specific eye cells on the innovative implant developer by the contractor.
Following the phenotype development of TgHD minipigs by invasive and noninvasive approach
Ellederová, Zdeňka ; Baxa, Monika ; Vidinská, Daniela ; Bohuslavová, Božena ; Vochozková, Petra ; Šmatlíková, Petra ; Klíma, Jiří ; Valeková, Ivona ; Ardan, Taras ; Juhás, Štefan ; Juhásová, Jana ; Konvalinková, R. ; Klempíř, J. ; Pokorný, M. ; Krupička, R. ; Kauler, J. ; Hansíková, H. ; Motlík, Jan
Recent promising treatments for Huntington’s disease (HD) may require pre-clinical testing in large animals. In 2009, we generated HD transgenic (TgHD) minipigs with one copy encoding the N-terminal part (548 aa) of human huntingtin (HTT) with 124 CAG/CAA repeats integrated into chromosome 1 q24-q25. The successful germ line transmission occurred through four successive generations.
Limbal stem cell transplantation and their utilization for ocular surface reconstruction.
Lenčová, Anna ; Filipec, Martin (advisor) ; Heissigerová, Jarmila (referee) ; Ardan, Taras (referee)
Aims: Limbal stem cell (LSC) deficiency is one of the most challenging ocular surface diseases. The aim of this thesis was to study damaged ocular surface reconstruction. Therefore, a mouse model of limbal transplantation was estab- lished. Furthermore, LSC isolation, transfer of LSCs and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on nanofiber scaffolds were studied. Material and methods: Syngeneic, allogeneic and xenogeneic (rat) limbal grafts were transplanted orthotopically into BALB/c mice. Graft survival, immune re- sponse and the effect of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) (anti-CD4 and anti-CD8 cells) were analyzed. Mouse LSCs were separated by Percoll gradient; subse- quently, they were analyzed for the presence of LSC and differentiation corneal epithelial cell markers and characteristics using real-time PCR and flow cytom- etry. Nanofiber scaffolds seeded with LSCs and MSCs were transferred onto the damaged ocular surface in mouse and rabbit models. Cell growth on scaffolds, post-operative inflammatory response and survival of transferred cell were ana- lyzed. Results: Limbal allografts were rejected promptly by the Th1-type of immune response (IL-2, IFN-γ) involving CD4+ cells and nitric oxide produced by macro- phages, contrary to the prevailing Th1 and Th2 immune responses (IL-4, IL-10) in...
The role and function of stromal enzymes in keratoconus pathogenesis
Ďuďáková, Ľubica ; Jirsová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Svozílková, Petra (referee) ; Ardan, Taras (referee)
Lubica Dudakova Doctoral Thesis ABSTRACT Keratoconus (KC) is a non-inflammatory disease of the cornea, in which ectasia and thinning occur probably due to defects in the collagen fibers binding. It is one of the most common indications for corneal transplantation. KC is a complex disorder with the involvement of both genetic and environmental factors; however the exact pathogenic mechanisms leading to the disease development have not been elucidated. The main aim of our work was to compare the presence and enzyme activity of cross- linking enzymes lysyl oxidases (LOX and LOX-like enzymes), in control human cornea samples and explanted cornea gained from patients with KC. We also focused on diseases previously described to be associated with KC with the aim to identify common signs among them. Furthermore, we replicated association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in LOX and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) with KC risk. We attempted to link all pathophysiological disturbances observed in KC into one common pathway. We have used a wide spectrum of methods (cell culturing, immunohisto- and immunocytochemistry, microscopy, fluorimetric enzyme activity measurement, genotyping and direct sequencing, statistical analysis). We demonstrated the presence of entire family of LOX enzymes in control and in KC...
Matrix metalloproteinases in anterior eye segment
Paračková, Zuzana ; Ardan, Taras (advisor) ; Paňková, Daniela (referee)
Matrix metalloproteinases belong to the group of proteases which in normal tissue are responsible for degradation a and remodeling of extracellular matrix components and their activity is regulated by endogenous inhibitors. However, many patological conditions of the anterior eye segment are characterized by increased activity of matrix metalloproteinases and conversely decreased activity of their tissue inhibitors.The imbalance between matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors can lead to destructive proteolytic tissue damage anterior eye segment, including blindness. Key words: matrix metalloproteinases, tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases, extracellular matrix

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