National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The power of small states: A case study of Georgia (2004-2012)
Andrš, Vojtěch ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
This study focuses on use of foreign-policy power by Georgia on USA, EU member states and Russia during 2004-2012. In this period, Georgia wanted to enter into alliance with USA and EU states and gain access to Euro-Atlantic organizations, European Union and NATO. At the same time, Georgia wanted to reduce Russian influence on Georgian soil. After a few months of the new Georgian regime it was clear that the relation with its big neighbor will be difficult, mainly because of the two separatist republics on Georgian-Russian border, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The aim of this study is to determine categories of power that Georgia used to achieve its goals. The study uses concepts of small state and power in international relations. Besides, it uses Nye's concept of soft and hard power. For influencing Western states Georgia chose the combination of soft and hard power. Soft power of Georgia has been mainly based on presentation of attractive values - pro-Western thinking a democracy - which should have attracted Western support. To a lower extent, foreign policy and culture were also used as sources of soft power. Georgia's hard power consisted of security importance and economic and political value of the country. In case of Russia, Georgia used only tools of hard power which included harsh rhetoric...
Causes that led Russia to sell Alaska in 1867
Andrš, Vojtěch ; Pečenka, Marek (advisor) ; Svoboda, Karel (referee)
In 1867 Russia sold its only overseas colony on Alaska to United States of America for 7.2 million dollars. This event had been preceded by negotiations with the Americans as well as by debate in Russian politics which have led to the decision to sell. Development of this internal discussion has been influenced by several factors including long-term problems of the colonies, but also current political situation in Russia or in international sphere. In recent years some of the prominent scholars have considered one of those factors or one group of factors as more important than other causes. Aim of this study is to determine if it is really possible to consider one of the causes as the most important. For this purpose this study analyses great amount of various causes and factors, including geographical and demographical problems of the colonies, economic situation in the colonies, political situation in Russia and others. Study also describes development of the internal debate. After the analysis, study ends with consideration that there is no clear evidence that one cause had higher importance than the others. The main conclusion of the text is that whole complex of causes have been essential for the decision to sale and no cause can be certainly determined as the most important.

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