National Repository of Grey Literature 39 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Novel protein binders targeting marker of epithelial cells
Huličiak, Maroš ; Malý, Petr (advisor) ; Anděra, Ladislav (referee)
Fast and precise quantification of circulating tumour cells (CTC) in lung adenocarcinoma is a pivotal step in acceleration of diagnosis, selection of early therapy and estimation of treatment prognosis. Development of a new type of microfluidic device based on detection and quantification of epithelial- and mesenchymal-type CTC by high-affinity and cell-type specific protein binders anchored to a microfluidic chip surface represents a highly innovative approach. In this work, we used EpCAM membrane glycoprotein as a target for generation of epithelial cell- specific protein binders by a directed evolution of proteins selected from highly complex combinatorial libraries derived from albumin-binding domain scaffold (ABD) or human muscle protein domain-derived "Myomedin" scaffold. Collections of EpCAM-binding candidates from the both used libraries were generated and particular binding variants were further characterized by DNA sequencing, biochemically and by functional cell-surface binding assays. The best candidates might serve as robust anchor proteins of a microfludic chip. Key words: epithelial cell, EpCAM, protein binder, ribosome display, combinatorial library, protein scaffold
Novel protein binders targeting marker of epithelial cells
Huličiak, Maroš ; Malý, Petr (advisor) ; Anděra, Ladislav (referee)
Fast and precise quantification of circulating tumour cells (CTC) in lung adenocarcinoma is a pivotal step in acceleration of diagnosis, selection of early therapy and estimation of treatment prognosis. Development of a new type of microfluidic device based on detection and quantification of epithelial- and mesenchymal-type CTC by high-affinity and cell-type specific protein binders anchored to a microfluidic chip surface represents a highly innovative approach. In this work, we used EpCAM membrane glycoprotein as a target for generation of epithelial cell-specific protein binders by a directed evolution of proteins selected from highly complex combinatorial libraries derived from albumin-binding domain scaffold (ABD) or human muscle protein domain-derived "Myomedin" scaffold. Collections of EpCAM-binding candidates from the both used libraries were generated and particular binding variants were further characterized by DNA sequencing, biochemically and by functional cell-surface binding assays. The best candidates might serve as robust anchor proteins of a microfludic chip. Key words: epithelial cell, EpCAM, protein binder, ribosome display, combinatorial library, protein scaffold
Pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic properties of mesenchymal stem cells
Benešová, Iva ; Kössl, Jan (advisor) ; Anděra, Ladislav (referee)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) display different ways of influencing not only surroundig cells but also the function of the whole organism. Besides well known immunomodulatory properties, MSC are capable of inducing and inhibiting of apoptosis in various conditions, effecting mostly cancer and immune cells. They are able to protect other cell types against apoptosis. On the contrary, anti-apoptotic and apoptotic effect of MSC is not always beneficial. Deeper and more precise understanding of influence of MSC on the apoptosis is needed to allow the usage of MSC in the biological therapy and to facilitate the treatment of many diseases. MSC are exhibited to oxidative stress, hypoxia and many pro-apoptotic factors, which cause their senescence and apoptosis. However, without this microenvironment they will not be activated and will not gain all their properties. Nowadays is an intensive research in prolongation of MSC's lifespan done, because it would improve potential biological therapy. Key words: mesenchymal stem cells, apoptosis, biological therapy
Canonical and non-canonical signalling triggered by activated TRAIL receptors in human cells
Nahácka, Zuzana ; Anděra, Ladislav (advisor) ; Rudolf, Emil (referee) ; Vondráček, Jan (referee)
TRAIL ligand can trigger apoptosis of permissive human cells via engagement of its two pro- apoptotic receptors TRAIL-R1 (DR4) and TRAIL-R2 (DR5). Its ability to induce apoptosis independently on p53 status and to selectively kill cancer cells in vitro and in vivo made this ligand an attractive target in cancer research. However, acquired resistance of primary cancer cells, unsatisfactory outcome of clinical trials and recent studies arguing that TRAIL might under specific conditions promote cancer progression, opened new plethora of questions, which need to be addressed. Though both receptors DR4 and DR5 are ubiquitously expressed, different types of tumours show preference for either of the receptors. The relative participation of DR4 and DR5 in TRAIL- induced signalling is still largely unknown. To analyse TRAIL receptor-specific signalling, I prepared Strep-tagged, trimerised variants of recombinant human TRAIL ligands with high affinity for either DR4 or DR5 receptor. Using these receptor-specific ligands, I examined a contribution of individual pro-apoptotic receptors to TRAIL-induced signalling pathways. I found that in TRAIL resistant colorectal HT-29 cells but not in pancreatic PANC-1 cancer cells, DISC formation and initial caspase-8 processing proceeded comparably in both DR4- and...
Study of mechanisms of Sertoli cell survival in xenogeneic organism
Porubská, Bianka ; Krulová, Magdaléna (advisor) ; Anděra, Ladislav (referee)
Sertoli cells (SCs) are somatic cells located in the testes. They are the only cells in direct contact with germ cells and play a key role in process of spermatogenesis. New insights in the biology of SCs are highlighting the immunological function of these cells: germ cells protection by maintaining the immunoprotective niche, creating the blood- testis barrier and local modulation of the immune response to spermatic cells. Immunomodulatory activity of SCs is preserved after their allo- and xenogeneic transplantation, and thus SCs prolongs survival not only of themselves but also of cells transplanted with them. The aim of this thesis was to study the survival and migration of SCs precursors (TSC) in mice recipients. The project is employing the neonatal tolerance phenomenon and evolutionary distinct donor organism, Xenopus tropicalis, to monitor conserved mechanisms of immune system (IS) modulation using SCs. SCs were detectable in the lungs and thymus 7 days after transplantation. The phenotype of immune cells was not altered 30 days after transplantation, however we detected changes in cytokine environment, namely increased levels of cytokines typical for Th2 and Treg immune responses. In vitro experiments further confirmed IS modulation by SCs - changing the phenotype of macrophages to alternatively...
Activation and regulation of cell death in senescent cancer cells.
Holíček, Peter ; Anděra, Ladislav (advisor) ; Drbal, Karel (referee)
Cellular senescence is a distinct cell state, characteristic by cessation of cell proliferation and it is accompanied by specific morphological and biochemical alterations. Increasing and persisting incidence of senescence cells has been shown to have detrimental effect on an organism largely contributing to its ageing. Senescent cells also positively support tumour growth and can even stimulate carcinogenic transformation of surrounding cells. Moreover, senescence can be induced even in tumour cells spontaneously or by chemotherapy. Regardless of an initial stimuli and type of cells, there are two main senescence inducing pathways p16/pRb and p53/p21. Both senescent cells as well as senescent cancer cells seems to have modified apoptotic signalling at the level of mitochondria and Bcl-2 family proteins. In this study, we aimed to analyse effect of senescent state as well as pre-senescent (growth arrested state) induced by p16/pRb and p53/p21 signalling pathways on the response of H28 mesothelioma cancer cells-derived clonal cultures to various cell death-inducing stimuli. By inducible expression of p16 and p21 proteins in doxycycline-dependent manner, we forced cells to acquire senescent-like phenotype, which we detailly characterised. Our results showed that senescent-like phenotype, manifests...
Caspase-8 - a multifunctional protease at the intersection of apoptosis and necrosis
Davídková, Daniela ; Anděra, Ladislav (advisor) ; Doubravská, Lenka (referee)
Caspase-8 is classified as an initiator caspase especially of death receptors-induced apoptosis. It is expressed in all tissues and depending on its regulatory circuits it plays an important role not only in the signalization of apoptosis but also in necroptosis, cell survival and other cellular processes. Its proper function is irreplaceable in general proliferation, differentiation and development, in the function of immune responses and thus maintenance of homeostasis. Its malfunction or absence is manifested by defects in both cells and organisms and it is connected with serious diseases such as cancer. This thesis summarizes the knowledge of ways of regulation and function of caspase-8 in these processes. Key words: caspases, apoptosis, necrosis, necroptosis, DISC, activation complex

National Repository of Grey Literature : 39 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.