National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Effect of weight reduction on blood lipids and some other risk factors of ischemic heart disease
Zdeňková Kroužková, Pavlína ; Zlatohlávek, Lukáš (advisor) ; Altschmiedová, Tereza (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the effect of weight reduction on the level of total cholesterol, triglycerides, waist circumference and blood pressure. The effect of education, or changes in dietary and regime habits on weight, blood lipid levels (total cholesterol and triglycerides), waist circumference and blood pressure were monitored in a group of educated persons. The work is divided into two parts. The theoretical part contains information about obesity, ischemic heart disease, risk factors for these diseases, their prevention and therapy. The practical part of the bachelor's thesis is devoted to monitoring dedicated a group of patients who decided to lose weight by changing dietary and dietary habits. At baseline, patients were measured on by the Accutrend for total cholesterol, triglycerides, waist circumference, and blood pressure. The subjects were educated about the dietary regime and subsequently followed the recommended measures. Repeated measurements of all monitored indicators were performed after three months, when the effect of weight reduction on the monitored parameters was evaluated. After three months, all subjects demonstrated on average weight loss of 11.9 kg, BMI lowered by 3.94 kg / m2, and waist circumference parameters reduced on 8.9 cm. Systolic pressure decreased by...
Comparison of eating habits of patients with familial hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia
Holubová, Šárka ; Šnejdrlová, Michaela (advisor) ; Altschmiedová, Tereza (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with eating habits of patients with two metabolic diseases, familial hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first theoretical part summarizes information on metabolic disease, types of treatment and dietary measures. The second, practical part is also divided into two parts. In the retrospective part, the entry and exit values of lipidograms of 21 patients with familial hypercholesterolemia and 14 patients with mixed dyslipidemia are compared. The pacients have been treated in the Center of Preventive Cardiology. The results show that total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride levels are reduced after the pharmacological treatment in both groups. HDL- cholesterol remains unchanged. There are no changes in the lipidograms by patients who do not have pharmacological treatment. In the second part, the dietary habits of 8 patients, 4 with the familiarity of hypercholesterolemia and 4 with mixed dyslipidemia, are discussed qualitatively, where it is evident that nutritional education is insufficient because only two patients have visited a nutritional therapist at least once. keywords: familial hypercholesterolemia, mixed dyslipidemia, lipid metabolism, nutrition
Assessment of knowledge about appropriate setup of nutrition in patients with cardiovascular disease risk factors
Lupoměská, Petra ; Vrablík, Michal (advisor) ; Altschmiedová, Tereza (referee)
This diploma thesis consists of two parts - the theoretical and the practical one. The theoretical part is divided into several chapters; the first three are focused on the main information about atherosclerosis such as its definition, predilection areas, process of atherosclerotic changes, the most important risk factors and its clinical consequences. The following chapter introduces the essential measures used in cardiovascular disease prevention. The last chapter deals with education and also describes education for cardiovascular disease prevention. The practical part is dedicated to the assessment of knowledge about the appropriate composition of diet in patients with cardiovascular disease risk factors. The research part was carried out on grounds of the quantitative survey through a questionnaire, which was completed by patients of the Centre for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease of the General Teaching Hospital in Prague in the course of three months - from 1st November 2017 to 31st January 2018. There are one main and two partial aims to the study; the main aim was to determine knowledge about the appropriate composition of diet in patients. This aim was accomplished, patients were successful in some knowledge questions, but only a small number of them knew the right answer to...

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