National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Analysis of unstable complexes for study of enzymatic methylation of arsenic
Albrecht, Michal ; Petry-Podgórska, Inga (advisor) ; Červený, Václav (referee)
The main aim of this thesis was the development of conjugation of existing methods for analysis of arsenic-glutathione complexes (As-GS complexes) together with simple arsenic species (iAs, MMAs, DMAs) during simple run. The basic technique for analysis of As-GS complexes was the HPLC-ICP-MS method with a reverse phase separation column (C18). The separation problem of simple species has been overcome by extending of system by postcolumn hydride generation with cryotrapping system (HG-CT). The resulting HPLC/HG-CT-ICP-MS system provides a complex analysis of all the above-mentioned analytes. According to the currently available resources, it is an innovative system, where for the first time all the simple arsenic species (iAs, MMAs, DMAs) and the As-GS complexes were separated. Under the given conditions, the detection limit for the As-GS complexes of 1.9 pg cm-3 in the RP-HPLC-ICP-MS system (a quantification limit of 6.5 pg cm-3 ) was achieved at a sensitivity of 468 CPS s pg-1 . The HG-CT-ICP-MS system provided a detection limit for iAs of 1.2 pg cm-3 at a sensitivity of 1121 CPS s pg-1 , for MMAs of 0.043 pg cm-3 at a sensitivity of 895 CPS s pg-1 and for DMAs of 0.076 at a sensitivity of 926 CPS s pg-1 . This method was applied to achieve another aim, studying the pathways of enzymatic...
Application of a dielectric barrier discharge plasma atomizer to hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry (HG-DBD-AAS)
Albrecht, Michal ; Kratzer, Jan (advisor) ; Červený, Václav (referee)
Atomization of plumbane in a novel dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma atomizer has been optimized employing detection by atomic absorption spectrometry. The performance of the DBD atomizer was subsequently compared to that of a conventional externally heated quartz tube atomizer (QTA). Lead from a standard solution was converted to plumbane by chemical reduction with sodium borohydride using an identical hydride generator for both atomizers. Argon at a flow rate of 175 cm3 min-1 was found as the best discharge gas while the DBD power supply rate was optimized to 22 W. The inner surface of the DBD atomizer was passivated by dimethyldichlorosilane (DMDCS) resulting in a twofold increase of sensitivity. Sensitivity of 0.10 s ng-1 Pb and a limit of detection of 0.82 ng cm-3 Pb were reached in the DBD atomizer with DMDCS-modified surface under the optimum atomization conditions. Better performance was achieved in a QTA atomizer, in which detection limit of 0.59 ng cm-3 Pb was reached and sensitivity was doubled (0.22 s ng-1 Pb) in comparison with DMDCS- modified DBD.

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1 Albrecht, Milan
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