National Repository of Grey Literature 192 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Hannover between Great Britain and Prussia
Rampas, Jan ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee)
in English language: This thesis deals with the political and economic development of the Kingdom of Hanover as an example of a medium-sized state in the German Confederation. In addition to its relationship with Great Britain, with which was Hanover associated in personal union in the years 1714-1837, a new definition of relations between these states before 1866 and the annexation of Hanover by Prussia are also discussed, as well as the impact of the significant events in Europe in that time on the functioning of the Guelph domain. Closer to be discussed are the personalities of British Queen Victoria and Hanoverian King and Duke of Cumberland Ernest August, who were key actors at the end of the personal union in 1837, and in addressing the sensitive political issues that followed. Apart from the emphasis on political history, this thesis also deals with economic history, primarily in connection with Hanover's relationship with the German Customs Association (Zollverein). This institution, guarded by Prussia, represented to Hanover in certain stages of its development as an independent kingdom, first of all, competition and then a path to the short-term solution of its internal problems. Above all, however, this was one of the many situations where Hanoverian interests clashed with the interests...
Leopold II., Grand Duke of Tuscany, and bonification of Maremma (1824-1859)
Kovaříková, Lenka ; Skřivan, Aleš (advisor) ; Novotný, Lukáš (referee) ; Županič, Jan (referee)
The thesis describes a period of the government of Leopold II Grand Duke of Tuscany and his affiliation to the swampy territory along the Tuscany coastline called Maremma and its bonification. He was able to change fundamentally the most underdeveloped areas of his country during thirty years of his government. He succeeded even though political changes during the revolutionary years of 1847-1849, and though his government was finished by the unification of Italy and the incorporation of Tuscany into the newly established Kingdom of Italy, which was the goal of Italian risorgimento. This work further describes biography of Leopold II in short, his policy focused on overall development of Tuscany, and last but not least life fates and the principal works of his three closest collaborators - personalities with major influence at the realisation of the bonification works - Vittorio Fossombroni, Gaetano Giorgini and Alessandro Manetti. The thesis describes the bonification works in Maremma themselves, their organisation and results achieved. Part of the bonification overall plans of Leopold II was construction of the road network as well, with necessity of numerous bridges over canals and regulated watercourses. It was also necessary to solve the health problems in the region, especially malaria, where...
The Habsburgs and the Silesian Princes. The Status of Silesian Principalitiesˈ Rulers within the Habsburg Monarchy and the Holy Roman Empire in the Early Modern Period
Schindlerová, Karolína ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee) ; Starý, Marek (referee)
Silesia greatly differed from other lands of the Bohemian Crown with regard to its specific political, administrative, religious and cultural development. This situation was caused partly due to the fragmentation of Silesian territory. In the Middle Ages, Silesia was divided among many independent principalities ruled by the members of the Piast Dynasty. During the 14th century the Silesian princes accepted the sovereignty of the Bohemian king. When the ruling dynasties died out, these principalities were inherited by the Crown. The king could then grant the principality to the members of noble families. At the same time as the Habsburgs entered the Bohemian throne, reformation began to spread in Silesia. By the end of 16th century most of the Silesian princes had converted to lutheranism. The only Catholic prince was the bishop of Wrocław as a master of Nysa principality. Approximately 90 percent of the Silesian inhabitants had become Lutheran by the end of 16th century. Confesinal tensions were simmering throughout the Habsburg Monarchy. With the help of Bohemian estates, the protestant Silesian princes received the letter of majesty containing religious rights (1609). Due to the violations of religious freedom, the Silesian princes and estates joined the Bohemian revolt (1619) After the defeat...
The History of the Coat - of - Arms of Dohalský of Dohalice
Maličký, Pavel ; Bláhová, Marie (advisor) ; Županič, Jan (referee)
The aim of this work is to draw attention to the amount of unsatisfactorily answered questions up to this day connected with the use of the aristocratic seal and particularly the sealing-stick. An example of the analysis of a small set of sphragistic and heraldic monuments of the Bořek-Dohalský aristocratic family from Dohalice confi rms the presumed fact of mine that the generally accepted rules of heraldry and sphragistics are often dissociated to that extent that their true meaning is to be observed. It seems that social and family ties often more aff ect the written drawing-ups (lending of sealing-sticks) than strict interpretation of the law. The work suggests that similar development can be expected in other families, and at the same time it warns us that the presence of diplomatic anomalies can signifi cantly shift our view of written drawing-ups from the very existence of the seal to its end. The results of this work are therefore a challenge to deeper syntheses on a similar topic. Keywords: sphragistics, nobility, aristocratic seal, sealing-stick, coat of arms, emblem, Bořek-Dohalský from Dohalice
The Congress of Berlin in the austrian Press
Jelínek, Jan ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Skřivan, Aleš (referee)
The Great Eastern Crisis was started by a peasant uprising in Bosnia and Herzegovina, further on the following months and years riots spread to other parts of the Ottoman empire and in the spring 1877 the crisis escalated into the Russo- Ottoman war. Russian army celebrated victory but the treaty of San Stefano has strenghtened power of St. Petersburg so significantly, that it aroused the resistence of other powers, especially United Kingdom and Austria-Hungary. Then these two powers represented Russia's main enemies at the Berlin congress where such a revision of a new arrangement should have been made that would be acceptable for all the powers. The public of the Habsburg monarchy paid considerable attention to the crisis. Reports of the Bulgarian and other "horrors" spreading across Europe naturally hit Austria-Hungary as well. Fears of the war between the powers resonated especially in the Danube monarchy because of its geographical location. A crucial factor for perceiving the crisis from the point of view of the public in the monarchy was also the Slavophile and pro-Russian orientation of the Slavs in the country, which was further strengthened by the reports from the "East". However, among many groups of non-Slav population of the monarchy, these tendencies raised resentment and concern. The...
Didactic processing of National Memorial on the Vítkov Hill in Prague to teach in the context of civic education in primary education.
Stránská, Barbora ; Dvořáková, Michaela (advisor) ; Županič, Jan (referee)
This Diploma Thesis is based on the Didactic Processing of the National Memorial at Vítkov in Prague for the Civic Education at Elementary School. The description of the building itself is both architectural, practical and functional, especially its use in the context of various periods of the Czechoslovak and Czech History of the Twentieth century. The theoretical part is created by information about the origin, history and use of the monument site and the building, as well as information about the use of the museum and other cultural monuments or important places in primary school education. The practical part of the Thesis contains a proposal for didactic use and is based on the design of an excursion to the National Memorial at Vítkov and the local museum exposition of the Crossroads of Czech and Czechoslovak Statehood, but also on the development of institutions of offered didactical materials and educational programs that can be visited here with children. The most important is the design of an interdisciplinary activities with the possibility of using the existing exposition for students of the second grade of primary schools and equivalent years of multi-year gymnasiums in Civic Education. The goal of the Thesis is to point out the importance of interesting places and cultural monuments in...
The resistance of Pavel Glos during the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
Kučera, Jan ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Zicha, Zbyněk (referee)
Main goal of this work is to describe the resistance activities of Pavel Glos during era of Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia from the available sources. To put this activities to the context of all anti-Nazi resistance and to evaluate their benefits. Also map its transformations that were determined by the current situation, needs and objectives of the resistance movement. This aspect is much more important for Pavel Glose, who took part in resistance activity for the whole period of the Nazi occupation. The intention of this work is also to remind the personality of Pavel Glos, who acted as the parson of the Unitas Fratrum in Turnov. Although he is virtually unknown today, he was one of the prominent figures of the Czech anti-Nazi resistance. Among his close collaborators were Vladimír Krajina, Jaroslav Valenta and Rudolf Mareš. He also participated in the collaboration with the paratroop groups Antimony and Barium, which were sent to the Protectorate by the London Exile Government. The archive documents from the National Archives, Archives of Security Forces, the Military Central Archive and the Archive of the Unitas Fratrum, as well as historical and memoir literature were used during the processing of the work.
Life of Josef Urválek
Vašáková, Alžběta ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Jirásková, Věra (referee)
TITLE: Life of Josef Urválek AUTHOR: Bc. Alžběta Vašáková DEPARTMENT: Social Sciences and Philosophy Department SUPERVISOR: Prof. PhDr. Jan Županič, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: The thesis chronologically describes the life and career of the communist prosecutor Josef Urválek from his birth in České Budějovice, through the university studies at the Faculty of Law of the Charles University in Prague, the work in the First Republic, post-war and communist judiciary to the politically motivated end of his career in the Czechoslovak judicature. The thesis focuses on his activities at the Exeptional people's court in České Budějovice and at the same time at the State court in Prague during the most well-known but also less-known political lawsuits in the fifties. The last chapter is about the reflection of this unlawfulness during the political releasing in the sixties and about his understanding of the personal and legal accountability in the position of the state attorney of the communist judicature. The bibliography consists of juridical and historical literature, archive materials and newspaper articles. KEYWORDS: Josef Urválek, prosecutor, political trials, communist regime
Prague civic buildings of the 19th and the early 20th centuries as a witness to the transformation of society
Haltufová, Kateřina ; Dvořáková, Michaela (advisor) ; Županič, Jan (referee)
This thesis deals with the transformation of the society in the 19th and on the beginning of 20th century and its influence on changes of Prague architecture. Its goal is to find out, how this topic is covered in the Framework Educational Programme for Basic Education and how it is implemented in the history textbooks for Stage 1 of basic education (4th and 5th grades). Furthermore, this thesis examines the development of Prague and the transformation of the society during the period of interest with the intent to determine, how these changes manifested into civic buildings. First part of this work is devoted to a detailed analysis of the available educational documents. It follows, that this topic is not covered in the Stage 1 basic education history classes to the extent that would correspond to the importance of this period for the further development of the modern society. This part also summarizes the professional literature and information available on the transformation of the society and the changes in lives of the Prague citizens, regional development of the capital along with the overview of the architectural styles typical for this period. Second part of this thesis uses the gathered material as a foundation for the creation of the educational documents for the historical excursion...

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