National Repository of Grey Literature 82 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Methods of Separation of Microplastics from Water.
Kulaviak, Lukáš ; Šyc, Michal ; Růžička, Marek ; Zedníková, Mária
The research report concerns the important current topic of microplastics occurrence in the environment, namely in waters. It is a little developed subject to understand how the fine particles contaminate our world and affect its various inhabitants. The key step is their effective separation needed for their further treatment. Therefore, several possible separation methods were described.
Possibilities of Zn Recovery from Waste Incineration Fly Ashes.
Korotenko, Ekaterina ; Šyc, Michal ; Jadrný, J. ; Mašín, J. ; Krystyník, Pavel ; Klusoň, Petr
Modern economy is characterized by unprecedented increase in the consumption of raw materials and products. Heavy metals represent only 10% of all inorganic goods consumed, but due to their specific physical and chemical properties they are extremely important in everyday life. Zinc is the world's 4th most widely used metal. Due to the reduction of easily accessible natural resources and the growing shortage ofZn, it is necessary to find secondary raw materials and methods to recover metal from them. Fly ash from municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI) is a suitable raw material for Zn recovery, because of the production quantity and the same content of Zn as in poor ore. Thereby, this paper is aimed to the recovery of Zn from fly ash on the real scale from data obtained from MSWI in the Czech Republic. Verification of the possibility of Zn recovery from fly ash through acid extraction with flue gas treatment system scrubber liquid has been carried out. The results were compared with the published results of Zn recovery using the Swiss technology FLUWA/FLUREC and the Swedish HALOSEP. The average efficiency of Zn extraction in the real MSWI is close to 60%, which is comparable to the efficiency of the technologies mentioned above. Other benefits of acid extraction are above all the neutralization of two hazardous waste streams from the MSWI (fly ash and scrubber liquid), the reduction of chemicals consumption and the total costs for treatment of fly ash and scrubber liquid, production of stabilized inorganic residues and shifting the process in the waste management hierarchy from landfilling towards metals recovery.
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Advanced Treatment Methods for Incineration Bottom Ash.
Šyc, Michal ; Baloch, T. ; Veselý, Václav ; Zuda, M.
Bottom ash is main solid residue from waste-to-energy. Recent development and trends change the approach to IBA, it is no longer regarded as unwanted waste from WtE plant but can be considered a valuable secondary source for several materials like ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Mineral residue after metal separation can be used in construction industry, e.g. as aggregates substitute for bound or unbound applications such as subbase layer for road construction. The paper summarizes results of recent activities for bottom ash utilization in WtE plant in Prague within last few years.
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Use of Sodium Bicarbonate for Flue Gas Treatment in Small Scale.
Zach, Boleslav ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Šyc, Michal ; Svoboda, Karel ; Václavková, Šárka ; Moško, Jaroslav ; Brynda, Jiří ; Punčochář, Miroslav
The trend of reduction of landfilling can lead, especially in areas with low population density, to the need to build new waste-to-energy capacities in the form of small units. However, flue gas treatment in small scale has to be sufficiently simple to decrease capital costs and allow the construction of such facilities. For that reason, the possibility of one-step dry flue gas treatment at compromise conditions was investigated as well as the limitation of flue gas composition.\n\n
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Material and Energy Utilization of Dry Stabilized Sewage Sludge.
Pohořelý, Michael ; Moško, Jaroslav ; Šyc, Michal ; Václavková, Šárka ; Skoblia, S. ; Beňo, Z. ; Svoboda, Karel
The paper describes the need for change in the way of sewage sludge disposal in the Czech Republic. The main reason for the change is the amendment to the current Czech legislation.
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The effect of bottom ash pretreatment on heavy metals leaching
Maršálková, Olga ; Šyc, Michal (advisor) ; Pohořelý, Michael (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the influence of bottom ash ageing on the leachability of heavy metals. The leachability tests according to ČSN EN 12457-4 and 12457-2 have been carried out with two different bottom ash granulometry and the ratio of the liquid to the solid phase. The results were compared with the classes of leachability according to the Czech legislation and a comparison of the above mentioned standards was made to the infused number of monitored elements. Keywords Leaching tests, bottom ash, leachability, combustion, waste
Method Development for Speciation Analysis of Volatile Mercury Forms in Ambient Air and flue Gases from Incineration Plants.
Švehla, Jaroslav ; Kratzer, J. ; Svoboda, M. ; Svoboda, Karel ; Šyc, Michal ; Ružovič, Tomáš
Potential of AAS for on-line speciation analysis of gaseous Hg0 (non-heated atomizer) and HgCl2 (heated atomizer) in flue gases is discussed.
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Properties of Biochar Produced by Slow Pyrolysis of Stabilized Sewage Sludge.
Moško, Jaroslav ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Skoblia, S. ; Beňo, Z. ; Brynda, Jiří ; Zach, Boleslav ; Šyc, Michal ; Václavková, Šárka ; Jeremiáš, Michal ; Svoboda, Karel
Direct application of stabilized sewage sludge on agricultural soil is currently a big concern because of its significant content of detectable organic micropollutants. Proper sludge treatment should suppress its negative features and produce material suitable for soil amendment. Slow pyrolysis is one of such treatments. We studied the influence of pyrolysis temperature (400-800 °C) on material and energy balances and on elementary composition of the pyrolysis solid residue (biochar). Pyrolysis at higher temperatures resulted in lesser biochar yield and promoted gas yield. The macronutrient content of biochar increased with an increase in pyrolysis temperature (except for nitrogen).
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Mercury Removal from Waste Incineration Flue Gas: Heterogeneous Oxidation and Capture by Waste-Derived Fly Ashes.
Rumayor, Marta ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Šyc, Michal ; Svoboda, Karel ; Švehla, Jaroslav
During waste incineration, all Hg-content is released primarily as elemental mercury (Hg0) which passes into the flue gas and is gradually oxidized. Mainly HgCl2 is formed, by both homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions. Some degree of Hg removal is achieved by existing conventional air pollution control devices (APCDs), normally used to control NOx, SO2, and dust emissions. In this study, three samples of fly ashes from boiler and ESP (characterized by composition, surface area and carbon content) derived from MSW incineration were assessed for mercury removal under MSW incineration conditions in a laboratory scale, using a fixed-bed reactor packed with fly ash. The results obtained showed that unburnt carbon content, composition of flue gas (e.g. mainly HCl and SO2 content) and operating temperature are important variables controlling capture of mercury by fly ash.
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Mercury Behaviour in Waste Incineration Facilities: Gaseous Transformations and Retention by Carbon and Mineral-Based Sorbents.
Rumayor, Marta ; Pohořelý, Michael ; Šyc, Michal ; Svoboda, Karel ; Švehla, Jaroslav
This study discusses the effect of temperature and gas components, present in typical flue gas from MSW incineration, on both mercury oxidation and capture by mineral and carbon-based sorbents. The study was carried out by means of a laboratory scale device that simulates the gaseous mercury behaviour in flue gas at temperatures ranged between 150-300 ºC. The results show the influence of HCl, SO 2, NO x and H2O vapour in the gaseous transformation of mercury identifying the major reaction pathways.
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