National Repository of Grey Literature 243 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Common property of spouses and entrepreneuship
Pavlorková, Darja ; Salač, Josef (advisor) ; Šustek, Petr (referee)
Common property of spouses and entrepreneurship Abstract Presented diploma thesis on common property of spouses and entrepreneurship aims to provide a comprehensive overview of current national legislation of common property of spouses with a particular focus on entrepreneurship issues with subsequent evaluation of legal regulations, criticism of identified legal defects and proposing solutions. Sufficient space of a diploma thesis is also devoted to de lege ferenda considerations in connection with the comparison of national law with the legal regulation of matrimonial property law in the Federal Republic of Germany. The legal regulation of the institute common property of spouses in the Civil Code does not give answers to all questions arising, therefore, the case law of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic is widely used in the thesis. In the text of this diploma thesis are proposed legislative changes which it would be appropriate to think about in the future. Case-law of the courts of the Federal Republic of Germany and the case-law of the European Court of Justice is also not omitted. To achieve the proposed goals is the text of the submitted diploma thesis next to the introduction and conclusion structured into seven chapters. First of all attention is focused on the historical development of...
Comparison of legal order of holding of community property of spouses according to the statute number 40/1964 Sb. and statute number 89/2012 Sb.
Tůma, Daniel ; Hendrychová, Michaela (advisor) ; Šustek, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with a comparison of two civil codes. Statute number 40/1964 Sb. and statute number 89/2012 Sb. The law science speaks generally in connection with passing of statute number 89/2012 Sb. about recodification of private law. The term of recodification does not mean only adjustment of legal text in more elegant and especially more systematic way, but also removing of some problems in the legal order. The civil code from 1964 was created in another social circumstances and therefore the legal public hoped with passing of statute number 89/2012 Sb. for removing of some defects in civil law. These defects were caused by the selected method, the law should have adapted through this method to new social circumstances. This diploma thesis compares family law (as institute) according to legal order, which was in force before and after the day of 1. January 2014. The conception of family law before this date, so according to the civil code from 1964, arose at the time of intellectual peak of socialism and the task of this thesis is to find, where the family law was moved by the new civil code. From the reason that the whole family law would be too extensive topic for research within one diploma thesis, this diploma thesis deals only with research of one small part of family law, that...
The issues of maintenance between parents and children (comparative study)
Chyba, Petr ; Hendrychová, Michaela (advisor) ; Šustek, Petr (referee)
The issues of maintenance between parents and children (comparative study) This diploma thesis deals with the issues of maintenance between parents and children. The maintenance is a traditional institute of civil law, which systematically belongs to family law. The family law concerns in general way more or less an everyday life of individual in society. The issues of maintenance are current and constantly developing topic, which the society pays traditionally significant attention to. The specific type of maintenance that is maintenance between parents and children represents from the point of frequency the most widespread type of maintenance, which is exercised in the society, especially as regards maintenance obligation of parents to children. It is possible to state, that the maintenance is a legal institute which is not the object of interest only of the legal public, but it is the topic which is discussed and closely watched by the entire society This diploma thesis is held as the comparative study, the legal regulation of the Czech Republic is compared through the diploma thesis with the legal regulation of Federal Republic of Germany. From the point of structure the thesis is divided into introduction, twelve main chapters and conclusion. The first chapter deals with general issues of maintenance,...
Pacta Sunt Servanda in Recent Civil Law
Novotná, Dominika ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Salač, Josef (referee)
1 Pacta Sunt Servanda in Recent Civil Law Abstract The thesis deals with the brocard of pacta sunt servanda and its application in the current Czech civil law. After a brief explanation of the historical circumstances and a concise description of the historical development of private law in Czechia, the first chapter outlines the establishment and the practical confirmation of the pacta sunt servanda principle in the judicial rulings of the Czech Constitutional Court after year 1990. The second chapter analyzes the natural law doctrines that have informed the authors of the Civil Code in drafting the law, including the principle of pacta sunt servanda. The third chapter of the thesis reviews the practical expression of the principle that agreements must be kept, and promises are binding in the applicable provisions of the Civil Code. The freedom of contract is one of the essential tenets of the private law, which gives parties freedom to decide whether to enter into a contract, with whom and the freedom to decide (acting in mutual respect of the equal autonomy of the persons involved) about the contents of the contract. But the freedom is also accompanied by responsibility. One of the possible consequences of the pacta sunt servanda principle is a party's duty to negotiate with care and not to lead a...
Private-law aspects of compulsory vaccination
Řezáčová, Denisa ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Salač, Josef (referee)
Private-law aspects of compulsory vaccination The subject of this thesis is the legal regulation of compulsory vaccination from the perspective of private law. Although it can seem that it is only public-law theme, the opposite is true. The compulsory vaccination which the persons undergo according to the law means some kind of intervention into human rights and fundamental freedoms. On the other hand this limitation has benefits for whole society, because it provides elimination of highly-contagious infectious diseases that can often cause death. Despite the fact that the primary objective of the vaccination is to protect the health of the individual and whole society, there may be situations when a person is harmed due to the vaccination. The question is who is responsible for this caused harm. And this responsibility for harm which is being connected with vaccination means private-law overrun of this institute. In the beginning of my thesis I focus on the creation of the vaccination process itself and I introduce the basic institutes, which are public health, collective imunity, permanent contraindication or possible unwanted effects. Then I focus on obligation to be vaccination, non compliance of it and possible sanctions, which can be imposed on person, who defaults the obligation. The main...
Doctors' Right to Withhold Medical Care
Černíková, Nikola ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Salač, Josef (referee)
Doctors' Right to Withhold Medical Care Abstract Very little attention is being paid to the rights doctors have to refuse to provide medical care, notwithstanding how important this area of interest is. It is not the aim of this thesis to provide a superficial description of fundamental grounds for withholding treatment. Its primary purpose is to present an analysis of the issues that are of most concern. To this end, the key concepts closely examined are conscientious objection and religious beliefs, as these constitute the subject of frequent interpretative, judicial and ethical disputes. A chapter in this thesis is also dedicated to refusal to provide healthcare based on a risk to the life or body of the health professional. All of the other reasons for not providing medical care or for ending it are briefly discussed within the context of the so-called contractual obligation of healthcare providers. Conscientious objection and religious beliefs are most often viewed from the perspective of public law. Nevertheless, in this thesis the two concepts are presented mainly in the light of private and civil law. A short philosophical and ethical analysis of the two concepts is followed by an extensive legal analysis. The theoretical part of the thesis concentrates on related statutory regulation and the...
Mediation in relation to chosen queries of divorce
Hrbková, Zuzana ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Salač, Josef (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to explain the role of mediation and its possibilities in dealing with questions connected to divorce, focusing on adjustment of child relations after a divorce. It also deals with the use of other methods for adjustment of child relations after divorce which should help with minimalizing negative impacts which are inevitably connected to divorce. It is looking for inspiration in our neighbouring countries: Germany, Austria, and Poland. This thesis is divided into two imaginary parts. The first part includes eight chapters and is dedicated to family and divorce mediation. In the second part, there is analysed adjustment of child care after divorce in the Czech legal system and there are discussed other methods than mediation which can be used for adjustment of child relations after a divorce. At the beginning of the first part, mediation is defined as alternative dispute resolution. After that, there is shortly mentioned its history and development in Europe and the Czech Republic. In the third chapter, family mediation is introduced and its elementary types (i.e. family mediation in a narrow sense and divorce mediation) in Czech terminology are defined while there is also mentioned mediation for the protection of children. This chapter also familiarizes us with specific...
The Czech and English legal framework of parent's divorce and custody of a child (comparative study)
Rybníčková, Barbora ; Hendrychová, Michaela (advisor) ; Šustek, Petr (referee)
This thesis deals with the issue of the divorce of parents and child custody where its objective is to analyze the legislation concerning the divorce of parents and related legal regulation of child custody in the Czech Republic. At the same time, another objective of the thesis is to point out the elementary differences and, on the contrary, find the same elements between legal regulation of the divorce and child custody in the Czech Republic and England. The introduction to this thesis explains the reasons for the choice of the subject of the thesis, defines the structure of the thesis and its objectives. The first section of the thesis deals with the legal regulation concerning the divorce of parents and child custody in the Czech Republic. The first chapter is devoted to the definition of relevant institutes related to the subject of the thesis. The second chapter is focused on the enumeration and brief description of the source of law related to the divorce and child custody. The centrepiece of this thesis is represented within the third and fourth chapter. The third chapter deals with the analysis of divorce in the Czech legislation in effect including the issue of the restriction on divorce, there are clauses which protect the interest of the minor child and those which protect the interest...
Prerequisites for the obligation to compensate for personal injury from the provision of health services
Pokorná, Lucie ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Elischer, David (referee)
Prerequisites for the obligation to compensate for personal injury from the provision of health services This rigorous thesis is aimed on prerequisites which must be fulfilled in order to qualify for the compensation for the personal injury, taking into account the specifics that are related to the provision of health services. In case of dispute is the most difficult to prove infringement of the doctor and the causation between the infringement and subsequent damage. For this reason, together with the personal injury part, this is the core of this thesis. In this thesis, I first focus on civil liability in general and build on the issue of civil liability with regard to the provision of health services. There is also a chapter dedicated to health services and directly embedding this area in the legislation. The other parts are divided according to the individual assumptions of the obligation to compensate for personal injury, namely the infringement, the personal injury, the causation and the culpability. In each section, I try to bring the assumption on a general level and consequently with regard to the specifics that are associated with the provision of health services. The third part deals with the first assumption, it is an infringement. In connection with the provision of health services, I...
Doctor protection vs. pacient protection
Svobodová, Dominika ; Salač, Josef (advisor) ; Šustek, Petr (referee)
Doctor protection vs. patient protection. This diploma thesis deals with the medical law, namely the protection of physicians and the protection of patients, and their mutual comparison as entities standing more or less against each other. The main objective of the thesis was to analyse the protection of both sides; the practical example provides describes a controversial situation which may happen in reality, also gives better understanding of the issue for readers. The aim was to capture the complex and also very extensive legal regulation of the topic, focusing on the touchpoints between the medical and civic laws. In view of the wide range of the topic in question, I consider specifically some sections of the thesis as the most important. At the beginning, the thesis provides a specification of the elementary legislation regulating the medical law. This is not a comprehensive list of resources, due to the enormous extent of the legislation regulating the medical law. Individual chapters describe the topics of informed consent and the protection of personal data, the provision of healthcare without the patient's consent and the special arrangement concerning the consent of underage patients, the relationship between the physician and the patient, the confidentiality duty, previously expressed...

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1 Šustek, Pavel
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