National Repository of Grey Literature 191 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Cognitive construct of attachment by addicted people
Křížová, Ivana ; Soukupová, Tereza (advisor) ; Lacinová, Lenka (referee) ; Šulová, Lenka (referee)
Theses Title: Cognitive construct of attachment by addicted people Autor: Ivana Křížová ABSTRACT This dissertation thesis aims to the theme of attachment as a cognitive construct. The purpose is to explore if is a relation between attachment style and the cognitive constructs that are associated with it by addicted people. The thesis is based on on the theory of personal constructs and personal meaning of events in the life of people. The theoretical part describes theory of attachment, cognitive constructs and addiction. The empirical part describes research design and data analysis. To the research was used a research battery that measured attachment style, early maladaptive schemas and cognitive constructs related to attachment. The research battery consisted of Adult Attachment Projective (AAP), Experiences in Close Relationships (ECR), Young Schemas Questionnaire (YSQ) and non-standardized Cognitive Construct Questionnaire (DKK). The research group consisted of 91 probands, probands with addicted disorder, probands with psychiatric disorder and non-clinical population. Results are partly confirmed relation between cognitive constructs and attachment style. It was confirmed that the consensus of measurement of the attachment styles is significantly higher in the safe style of attachment. Addicted...
Significant factors affecting the choice of partner during adolecence
Pacáková, Michaela ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Morávková, Kateřina (referee)
In the period of adolescence there is a considerable social development. Relationships with parents and relationships with peers are transformed. First romantic partnerships are formed. These usually form within the context of a peer group, in which the relationship is shaped and further developed. Romantic relationships in adolescence are considerably variable in terms of the age, at which they first arise, the duration and the degree of intimacy and commitment. The closest social circle of an adolescent plays significant part in choosing a romantic partner. Within the family adolescent's attachment style is formed, which is important for the development of other relationships. Being in a romantic relationship affects individual's social status within the peer group. When choosing a romantic partner it is also important to consider adolescent's preferences about the characteristics of their potential partner. In a part of research proposal is presented a project of qualitative character. It aspires to create an anchored theory of preferences of Czech adolescents regarding their ideal and contemporary partner and the transformation of these preferences depending on the age and experience. Powered by TCPDF (
Model of the original family as a determining factor for starting a romantic relationship in the population of adolescents
Follerová, Noemi ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Kučerová, Andrea (referee)
The model of the original family has a major influence on the personality development and the psychosexual role of an individual. These forms of transferring in form of imitation appear at the beginning of a child's life. A child is born into an environment which is shaped by both mother and father equally. Their partnership is a primary interpersonal experience, it determinates the first years of a child's life and forms child expectation from interpersonal relationships. Findings in this area show that in many features we cannot behave differently from how our parents have taught us. Identifying with their role is the easiest way for us, especially if the characters of our parents are impressive and their mutual relationship is a positive example to us. Their parenting style and their emotional engagement influence the child's perception of its parents. A parent of the opposite sex is the child's pre-figure which is the key to choosing a partner for life. Research in this area is rather an exception, which may be due to the changing nature of relationships in adolescence. The first partnerships occur during adolescence. However, some studies show that the adolescent view on partnership has the characteristics that are expected by adults as well. It has been found that this view is also influenced...
Sexually psychological factors of atractivity of men
Pokorná, Pavlína ; Weiss, Petr (advisor) ; Šulová, Lenka (referee)
The thesis deals with sexually psychological factors of what makes males attracive. The theoretical part is based on the theory of evolutionary psychology. We are interested in heterosexual women's strategy when choosing a partner. Of the factors that may affect their partner choice, we have focused on one physical attribute, the penis. The attribution of the importance of penis size depends on the individual. However, we try to find a connection between penis perception as a significant factor of what makes male attractive and other aspects, not only sexuality. For the purpose of our research, we have developed a specific questionnaire which, through a series of questions, examines the attitude towards the importance of penis size. The second part of the questionnaire is more intimate, identifyinf the relationship status, sexual experience, phase of the cycle and the use of hormonal contraception. The questionnaire was simply called "Does Size Matter?". The administration was online and we addressed women through social networks. We received responses from 276 respondents. We found several differences in penis perception as an important factor. Women who have a friend with benefits (they meet a man just for sexual satisfaction) are more likely to consider penis size more important. Women who feel...
Recomposed family and its influence on child development
Pokorná, Tereza ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Gillernová, Ilona (referee)
(in English): This master thesis focuses on the children of preschool or younger school age living in recomposed family. The purpose of the thesis is to draw attention to this topic and point out risks that it could influence child development as well as describe this topic within its complexity and social contexts. The theoretical part presents the institution of family and its evolution over the last decades. Afterwards presents recomposed family by describing what anticipate this phenomenon, types of recomposed family and relationships between its members. The empirical part applies a qualitative design using semi-structured interviews. The research sample consisted of five experts in child psychology. The research problem could be formulated as a question: Which parts of the phenomenon of recomposed family could have effect on child development? The results of the analyzes of this research describe the topic and its parts remaining important in counselling or terapeutic work with children from these families. These parts are approach towards recomposed family, structure, communication, themes, types of recomposed family, adressing/calling by name, dissimilarities between adult's and child's perspective, sibship and perceived complications. All of these could more or less influence optimal child...
Post-abortion syndrome as a possible consequence of abortion
Marešová, Kateřina ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Šulová, Lenka (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of spontaneous abortion as well as induced termination of pregnancy and its potential negative impacts on woman's mental and physical health. The theoretical part summarizes the findings about particular kinds of pregnancy loss and defines the possibilities of psychological adaptation to this loss. The author paid the close attention to Post-abortion syndrome (PAS), which is regarded as a special form of Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder. The thesis is further focused on the emotional, social, psychological and physical effects following abortion, the most threatened group of women with a higher probability of having PAS and finally the way of medical treatment. In the empirical part, the main symptoms of PAS were detected by means of the Helpline database analysis. Detection of these syndromes enabled to compile the questionnaire related to pregnancy loss. The main task was to discover the perceived changes in a woman's life after the pregnancy loss. In the final part of the work, the questionnaire regarding pregnancy loss had been tested and finally the main benefits together with limits had been critically evaluated.
The Criteria for Selection of the First Sexual Partner in Adolescents
Lexová, Eliška ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Čáp, David (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the criteria that influence the choice of the first sexual partner in adolescence. The work focuses on the sexuality of adolescents and the beginning of sexual life due to their psychosexual development. In addition, the paper deals with the question of what is involved in the formation of sexuality in this period, the way in which the original family, sexual education, the media or peers are involved. The thesis also discusses various influential partner selection theories that may be related to the choice of the first sexual partner. The empirical part handle the design of a research project, which focuses on how adolescents choose their first sexual partner. It also deals with the different circumstances of sexual debut that will help us make a preview of the whole issue. Keywords adolescence, sexuality, sexual debut, choice criteria
The Importance of Communication fot the Quality of a Relationship
Martinová, Petra ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Kalousová, Zuzana (referee)
This Bachelor thesis deals with the importance of communication for relationship quality. The thesis describes communication and its specifics in a relationship between partners while placing emphasis on communication behaviour which can facilitate or, by contrast, impede communication. In addition, it critically evaluates studies covering this topic. The suggestion for research is focused on the observation of couples in strong and healthy relationships. A strong and healthy relationship is the one in which both partners are satisfied. The description of communication behaviour typical of these couples could serve as an inspiration to couples in which communication does not work well, and could be used in relationship and marriage counselling. Further research in this area should be aimed at proving the causality of these phenomenons and so support a hypothesis saying that the improvement of communication leads to a relationship of higher quality. Keywords: interpersonal communication, a relationship between partners, relationship quality
Factors Contributing to the Destabilization of the Marital Relationship
Froncová, Lucie ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Kalousová, Zuzana (referee)
This thesis deals with the topic of stability, more precisely instability of marriage. It defines the concept of marriage and the concepts of stability and instability by defining the terms of satisfaction in marriage, the quality of marriage, and the susceptibility to divorce. It also describes the evolution of the marital relationship and its stability over time. It outlines the current situation characterized by a trend of unmarried cohabitation and a relatively high divorce rate. In the main section, it describes selected factors that contribute to the destabilization of the marital relationship. In the part devoted to the suggestion of a possible research, a design of a mapping study is presented, which would describe the current situation in the Czech Republic and which could also be used for other research projects as a default position. Keywords Marriage, factors, stability, satisfaction
Psychological aspects of a situation in families with the father on a parental leave
Nebáznivá, Barbora ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Mertin, Václav (referee)
The MA thesis focuses on the psychological particularities of the situation in families where parental leave is taken by the father, especially on the possible connections between the child's development and characteristics of the family relations. The aim is to describe the specific impacts of this situation on partnership satisfaction, relationship with the child and on self- perception of paternal/maternal roles of parents. The theoretical part states the legislation in this field in the Czech Republic and other countries and summarizes the existing research findings. The empirical part applies a qualitative design, using the Couples Satisfaction Index questionnaire supplemented by semi-structured interviews. The research sample consisted of fifteen couples. The result of the research is a summary of findings about couple's satisfaction and recurring themes in interviews in areas of adaptation to life with the child, motivation for the decision, early paternal care, identity and experiencing of parents, the needs of the child, consequences of paternal parental leave for parent-child and partner relationships and reactions of other people. The output of empirical part of the thesis are answers to research questions that broadly cover the psychological aspects of the problem and the hypotheses...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 191 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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2 Šulová, Lucie
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