National Repository of Grey Literature 126 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Game theory as a confict and cooperation theory
Horáček, Jaroslav ; Černý, Karel (advisor) ; Šubrt, Jiří (referee)
The main focus of this work is the relation between sociology and mathematics, especially the relation between sociological theories of conflict and cooperation and the game theory. In the work four general theories of conflict (and coopera- tion) are introduced - theory by John Rex, Kenneth Boulding, Louis Kriesberg and František Znebejánek. Each is accompanied by a critical review. Next, the formal game theory is introduced. The main effort is to shed new light on game theoretic concepts known in sociology and introduce some of the less known ones. The text is focused on the main ideas and explanation without mathematical for- malism. Historical relation between sociology and game theory is discussed. Also some topics that are not well handled in game theory from sociological point of view are further elaborated - assumption of rationality, definition of utility and preference, assumption of general knowledge etc. There are also topics from mathematics and informatics slowly penetrating sociology - computer simulation, prediction, that we also discuss. The possible modifications and merit of game theory for sociology is also included. Inspired by the previous theories, at the end of this work a new theoretic model of conflict and cooperation is introduced, which tries to overcome some imperfections of the...
A Twilight of the Welfare State? Pre-Crisis, Crisis and Post-Crisis Development Trajectories of the Welfare State in Sweden
Hanuš, Karel ; Šubrt, Jiří (advisor) ; Keller, Jan (referee) ; Veselý, Arnošt (referee)
In the long term the issue of the welfare state is one of the most debated political topics and it concerns almost all members of society. In the last few decades the advanced welfare state has been more frequently perceived as an obstacle for competitiveness in the globalized economy and issues of its economic sustainability and societal impact are widely debated. Sweden is generally considered to be a country with the most advanced model of welfare state, but it is also a country which suffered from a deep economic crisis in the early 1990s. Development of the Swedish model of welfare state in the context of the crisis presents a critical case for assessment of welfare state vitality. In this thesis, welfare state is defined as a multidimensional phenomenon that includes both social expenditures and institutions of social policy and power structures and legitimacy. For analyzing of transformations of the Swedish welfare state in all four dimensions is applied a theoretical perspective based on the power resources theory, the institutional approach, the transnational perspective, the dependency and the world-systems theory which whose complementarity is theoretically substantiated. The thesis with this approach should contribute to better understanding of the development of the welfare state in...
Emile Durkheim and the Value of Work for Modern Man
Bezoušková, Alena ; Mlynář, Jakub (advisor) ; Šubrt, Jiří (referee)
(in English) My bachelor thesis deals with Durkheim's conception of value of work for modern man. My interpretation is based on Durkheim's texts, in which he considers work as something, to what man is motivated by internalized social values. That is mainly his lecture on family, Suicide and lectures on professional ethics. According to Durkheim, for pre-modern people the most important value was preservation of a community, they lived in (broader family, professional group). Work was considered important because it contributed to this goal. In contrast modern people aren't members of stable and permanent communities, which preservation they could aim. Their motivation for work has its source in value of an economic growth, which dominates whole modern society. In final reflection I argue, that Durkheim's innovative theory of action (as Talcott Parsons describes it) had a direct impact on his analysis of work. Using the work of Hannah Arendt I also point out possible problematic nature of Durkheim's normative approach, which stress preservation of a community as one of essential moral values.
Vítkov as a realm of memory of the czech society in the nineteenth and the twentieth century
Miženko, Milan ; Šubrt, Jiří (advisor) ; Štemberk, Jan (referee)
Thesis "Vítkov as a realm of memory of the Czech society in the nineteenth and the twentieth century" deals with questions of historic memory and opportunities of its study in a context of the Czech society. Thesis focuses on changes in perception of Vítkov hill as a "realm of memory" of the Czech society during the nineteenth and the twentieth century, specifically in the years from the end of the second half of the nineteenth century until present days. Thesis shows that during the ages, perception of Vítkov hill changed according to changes in state ideology and ruling regime. From early establishing czech society in Austrian empire, through the first Czechoslovak state, following communist regime to contemporary ages, every ideology left its traces on Vítkov hill. Every ideology perceived Vítkov hill in its ways and every ideology dealt with Vítkov hill in its own ways. Thesis aims to study a question of how did the perception of Vítkov hill changed during ages and which role did Vítkov play in the Czech society. Thesis uses Pierre Nora's concept of realms of memory. Apart from that, thesis also uses comparative research while researching multiple time eras.
Framing of the topics of migration and the European Union during the presidential election campaign in the online media iDnes.cz, Respekt.cz and Aeronet
Chudomelová, Lenka ; Vinopal, Jiří (advisor) ; Šubrt, Jiří (referee)
(in English) The thesis uses the second level of the agenda-setting theory to study the media's coverage of two topics during the presidential campaign in the years 2017 and 2018, in relation to candidates Miloš Zeman and Jiří Drahoš. The chosen topics are migration and the relation to the European Union. The qualitative version of the frame analysis is used to investigate which moments of the candidates' campaign were distinct in the three online media that are read by a different audience: iDnes.cz, Aeronet and Respekt.cz. While iDnes.cz applied broad range of contradictory frames, the opinion-specific media worked with a dominant perspective to frame the candidates' positions. The most successful frames in the campaign were the ones that contested negative emotions and were present in the public and media space for a longer time period. However, the media worked with the frames and their attributes in a critical way, developing or denying them, and none of the media only reproduced the candidates' positions.
The Idea of human heing in Bakunin's anarchism
Lebeda, Robert ; Šubrt, Jiří (advisor) ; Havlík, Radomír (referee)
Abstract The presented study deals with Bakunin's conception of man in his anarchy period. The aim is to give evidence that his theory has legitimate place in the history of social sciences and that every attempt to disregard or to eclipse his opinions is unacceptable. This thesis tries to put his anthropological interpretation into the context of social sciences of that time and to show that the real foundation of the whole theory lies in natural evolutionism, which was a part of evolutionist theories of that time in general. This evolutionism was based on the results of the period scientific studies, widely using analogies between the natural and human worlds. The study begins with the theory of foundation and evolution of the natural world; from inorganic to organic form as the real essence of the Universe, then it moves on to the theory of foundation and evolution of the human capacity of thinking including the theory of religion, philosophy and science viewed as the historical forms of human intellect. It continues with the theory of the foundation and the history of human labour viewed as economic history. The following part of this study deals with patriotism and shows the connection between Bakunin's natural evolutionism and his interpretation of this phenomena. The last chapter deals with...
Semiocapitalism: commodified production of the general intellect
Šír, David ; Fabuš, Pavol (advisor) ; Šubrt, Jiří (referee)
Departing from Karl Marx's text known as Fragment on Machines, which describes the situation of inner contradiction of capitalism with development of the 'general intellect', scientific knowledge enabling automation of wage labor, when at the same time capitalism posits wage labor as the only means of survival. It's based primarily on the thought tradition of post-operaismo theorists Franco Berardi, Antonio Negri and Paolo Negri among others, who further develop Marx's analysis of the Fragment. 'Semiocapitalism' is a paradoxical fulfillment of Marx's vision of the Fragment, when after replacing much of the mechnical labor by machines the capitalist process of production subsumes the general intellect and social fabric itself (as general human faculties of communication and imagination). As being argued, the psychopathologies like depression and suicide epidemic (that will be understood as negative externalities of semiocapitalism) follows this development. From the perspective of 'living labor' this text examines the relationship between the sensitive social body of the general intellect and its alienated semiotic production, social subjectivity reorganized and commodified by financial capitalism. At the same time it pays some attention to the possible new social and economic forms, embedded in...

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9 Šubrt, Jan
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