National Repository of Grey Literature 85 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Reforms enlightened monarchs in Russia and the Habsburg monarchy.
Schastlivtseva, Anastasia ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Picková, Dana (referee)
The aim of the bachelor thesis is to analyze the reforms especially in the internal policy of Catherine II in Russia and Maria Theresa in the Czech Lands. The purpose of this study is to carry out a comprehensive analysis of Catherine II's and Maria Theresa's political activities in the light of the requirements of modern historical science and with the use of already published historiographic sources, related to addressing important domestic policy issues, and finding out the Empress's involvement in preparing and implementing reforms, as well as comparing their reforms with each other.
Entering of the Working-Class Movement into the Public Space: Třebíč at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century
Šmejkal, Boleslav ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Kladiwa, Pavel (referee)
After the Velvet Revolution of 1989 the analysis of working-class movement, a formerly privileged field of Czechoslovakian historiography, had been suspended for nearly 20 years. This bachelor's thesis (BT) wants to deal with this topic from an unconventional point of view. It is inspired by the concept of public space into which the working-class movement enters either physically or discursively as a new and in its own way as a somewhat nonconformist social phenomenon. The thesis' approach aims to analyse the strategies, forms and goals of these actions, with special attention given to tension between "town normality" and the efforts of "labour revolutionization" of the public space. The historical area in which this topic is examined is Třebíč - a town in-between the cultural influence of Vienna, Brno and Prague with population of approximately 10 000 people, about half of which were labourers. The starting point of the analysis are social relations of this "laboratory" of modernity in Czech lands between 70's and 80's of the 19th century. Afterwards this paper focuses on social changes including public displays of disagreements with state, economical and ruling establishment. The main sources of this BT are documents from labour associations and other associations, unions, state administration, town...
Castle of education and nation. Genesis, development and importance of secondary schooling in the district of Sušice between the reforms in 1869 and 1953
Hanus, Adam ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Lhoták, Jan (referee)
The Castle of Education and the Nation is a work concerning secondary segment of schooling system in the political district of Sušice. The time scope of the work is framed by two school reforms from years 1869 and 1953. The work is divided into four topic areas. The opening part dedicates its attention to crucial literature regarding secondary schools, based on it the development of the secondary schooling in the inquired period is outlined, also the formation and evolution of secondary schooling in the political district of Sušice. Second part founded on the primary source research. All secondary schools in the political district of Sušice are analysed in detail with the emphasis put on changes in numbers of students in particular class, their gender and language composition and their geographical and socio-professional background. Emphasis is also laid on the percentage of the studying, who completed particular school successfully. The third part of this work builds on the second part. It sums up and generalises the results of the analysis and manipulates with it further using some theories from the field of history, sociology and the theory of nationalism. Especially the idea of social reproduction, social rise through secondary school education and the specific relationship of men and women to...
Spending of spare time during The First Republic in Kokořínsko with special interest in particular Czech small town called Mšeno
Zabilanská, Petra ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Štemberk, Jan (referee)
(in English): This thesis is contribution to history of everyday life, cultural and regional history, and is more specifically focused on spending leisure time in years 1918-1938. It presents history of Mšeno in era of The First Republic, forms of spending free time and lifestyle of czech society in provincial town, specifically residents of town Mšeno, all based on socio-historical analysis. Work is oriented on cultural, social and associations' life in town and also on sports activities and tourism. Free time is considered as non-working hours of everyday life, but mainly organized group activities are taken into account. Work is divided into multiple sections, each viewing spending of free time from different angle, specifically winter and summer season, celebrations and associations' activities.
The censorship in Bohemia in the context of the Habsburg Monarchy in the Vormärz period
Píša, Petr ; Pokorná, Magdaléna (advisor) ; Štaif, Jiří (referee) ; Köpplová, Barbara (referee)
The censorship in Bohemia in the context of the Habsburg Monarchy in the Vormärz period Petr Píša The PhD-thesis analyses and interprets the role of censorship as well as other institutional and structural mechanisms that have participated in the regulation of literary communication within the cultural sphere of the historical Czech lands (Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia). The act of censorship is understood as a set of administrative procedures controlling and regulating the literary communication that takes place in the printed media within the sphere of power of a particular social authority. On the other hand the term structural regulation is used for those types of blocked literary communication which cannot be considered for the consequence of the institutionalized power interference. The thesis is based on a triad of ideal-types of censorship - a paternalistic, liberal and authoritarian one. The key concept for the submitted thesis is the type of paternalistic censorship, which decision-making process is governed by a differentiated idea of the various categories of the public and an endeavour to strictly control the reading matter of the broad, less educated masses. The thesis also introduces and critically revises the methodological impulses of the so- called new censorship. It follows the discursive...
: Public Life of Vršovice from the second half of the 19th century until the beginning of the 20th century
Popelář, Jakub ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Bernášek, Bohumír (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the development of public life in Vrsovice. the topic is determined for years 1869-1922, which is a time period in which the steepest development of this area is observed. This time period ends with the affiliation of this municipality to Prague. The aim of this thesis was to find out factors with the highest influence on the development of Vrsovice for the stated time period, to understand how the development of this municipality reflected upon its public life and to explore reactions of the municipality selfgovernment to this development. At first the thesis observes the development of Vrsovice from the extreme spaectators point of view. Secondly the thesis defines the nature of Vrsovice - looking at its composition of inhabitants and changes of this composition over time as the municipality developed and the differences between the inhabitants of Vrsovice and its surrounding municipalities. The process of the city's growth and urbanisation project including selected public buildings and education is also analyzed within the thesis. This process is observed together with the population growth as these two phenomena are interconnected. From this point of view the thesis further describes the development of the public life which is linked to the final chapter that...
Religious development of Pilsen during the First Czechoslovak Republic (1918-1938)
Vedral, Patrik ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Šebek, Jaroslav (referee)
The main topic of the thesis is the religious development of Pilsen at the times of the First Republic (1918-1938), which is understood as the development of the Catholic Church, the Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren, the Czechoslovak Church and the Non-believers' Movement. The aim is to introduce individual religious entities, to show their mutual interaction and their ability to influence the surrounding society. The influence of religion is observed throughout the society, from the communal politics through the school education to the regional identity. This is all happening on the background of complex social processes (demographical, economic, cultural, political and social) that are properly taken into account. Another important topic of this work is the ability of religious organizations to respond adequately to the new challenges that emerge with these processes. The regional data identified are compared to similar urban areas and the rest of the country. Religious development in Pilsen should not only give evidence of the city itself, but also about the First Czechoslovak Republic as such. Key words: Czechoslovakia, First Republic, Pilsen, religion, social movement
Discussion of the social reform in the academic milieu of the Habsburg Monarchy in the last third of the 19th century
Průchová, Ivana ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Raška, Jakub (referee)
Tato práce analyzuje intelektuální diskursy, jež se vztahují k sociální otázce a zároveň mají ambici poskytnout východiska k jejímu řešení. Práce se soustředí na období posledních desetiletí 19. století a omezuje se na německý a český kulturní prostor. orku zajímá, jak se prostřednictvím symbolického jazyka vědy a systému středostavovských hodnot konstituovaly normativní představy ideálním společenském vývoji teoretickými přístupy Michela Foucaulta a Reinharta Kosellecka, a proto nahlíží na jazykové symbolické reprezentace jako na struktury, jež společenský svět jednak reflektují, jednak také utvářejí tím, že ovlivňují sociální praxi. nejprve charakterizuje pojímání temporality v 19. století a v vyvstávající veřejné diskursy o stinných stránkách hospodářských a sociálních změn. Poté přistupuje k analýze pramenného materiálu, který sestává ze sociálně statistických studií či obecněji zaměřených prací sociálních vědců, povětšinou národohospodářů Klíčová Sociální otázka diskurs, hodnotový systém, dělník, pokrok
From Radikalism to Reformism. The Making of Imagined Class in the Second Generation Representatives of Czech Working-Class Movement, 1890-1914
Uher, Tomáš ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee)
This thesis is engaged in the formation of the concept of class in the second generation of the Czech (Bohemian) Working-Class Movement. I selected time termination, because of the beginning of the 1890s involved onset of second generation of working-class movement, which deflected from radikalism the first generation of pioneers to engagement oscillating between reformism of Bebel and revisionism of Bernstein. Even since the early 1890s gradually alternated Class about itself (Klasse an sich) at precisely defined Class for itself (Klasse für sich). Thesis seeks to answer the question: Why occured to the above-mentioned phenomenon in the second generation? The traditional explanation of Marxist Historians about the end of Persecutory Phase and logical accession Mass Party seems too schematic. The year 1914 is selected as an upper time milestone, because the First World War caused a series of high quantitative and qualitative transitions in social relations: proletarianization of wide classes in society; fatal deteroration of living, social, health and political conditions of workers. The Working Classes in the prewar and wartime periods are two different social phenomena, which ought to analyse historically separately. The thesis is conceptually draws on Benedict Anderson's seminal work Imagined...
Land Government in Bohemia in Relation to the Public between 1900 - 1908
Patočka, Jaromír ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Pokorný, Jiří (referee) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
Land Government in Bohemia in Relation to the Public between 1900-1908 Abstract At the beginning of the 20th century, the term Czech Kingdom referred to one of the crown lands forming the "West half" of the Habsburg monarchy, called Cisleithania. The Czech Kin- gdom was a public corporation which participated in implementing public administration. Its activities included mainly administrative tasks and to a limited extent also tasks related to exercising state power. The Czech Kingdom as a public body managed in the early years of the 20th century a very complex public agenda ranging from supervision and regulation of the subordinate self-governance bodies, significant activities related to public construction work, tasks related to education on the national level to tasks from the field of culture. Agricultural issues and tasks related to small scale business were of great importance. In 1890s, coalition of conservative nobility and Czech citizenship policy won a majority of parliamentary seats in the representative assembly of the Czech Kingdom. However, the coalition lost its position due to political changes in the civil bloc. The early years of the 20th century already saw long term escalation of the delicate Czech-German relations. This also impacted provincial politics in Bohemia. Despite complex...

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