National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Boron doped diamond and its utilization in electroanalysis of derivatives of aromatic compounds
Zavázalová, Jaroslava ; Schwarzová, Karolina (advisor) ; Šelešovská, Renáta (referee) ; Navrátil, Tomáš (referee)
This work is devoted to the study of boron doped diamond as electrode material, its properties and use in electroanalytical methods - in voltammetric and subsequently amperometric methods in combination with high performance liquid chromatography. The series of boron doped diamond films was tested with respect to the effect of boron concentration on their morphology, quality, electrochemical and spectral properties using scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. Further, the effect of boron concentration on the determination of selected substances was investigated, both for their oxidation (2-aminobiphenyl, benzophenone-3) and for their reduction (5-nitroquinoline). Furthermore, a voltammetric and amperometric method was developed for the determination of a mixture of aminobiphenyls and aminonaphthalenes using a boron doped diamond electrode. The effects of activation cleaning programs on the signal of benzophenone-3 were investigated using a boron doped diamond electrode, and the determination of benzophenone-3 on boron doped diamond electrode in the presence of the selected surfactant was studied. Boron doped diamond as carbon-based material was compared with other selected carbon materials such as glassy...
Voltammetric and Amperometric Determination of Nitrophenols Using Boron-Doped Diamond Film Electrode
Karaová, Jana ; Barek, Jiří (advisor) ; Šelešovská, Renáta (referee) ; Jaklová Dytrtová, Jana (referee)
Presented Ph.D. Thesis is focused on the use of the boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes for voltammetric and amperometric determination of selected nitrophenols: 2-nitrophenol (2NP), 4-nitrophenol (4NP), and 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4DNP). These compounds are listed as "priority pollutants" by United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) due to their negative impact on living organisms and are mainly used in agriculture as plant growth stimulators. BDD electrodes are used for determination of wide range of electrochemically both reducible and oxidisable organic compounds and have become a popular electrode material thanks to its commercial availability and excellent mechanical and electrochemical properties. A differential pulse voltammetric method was developed for the determination of 2NP, 4NP and 2,4DNP at a BDD film electrode using electrochemical reduction and of 4NP and 2,4DNP using electrochemical oxidation. The method was successfully applied for the direct determination of these compounds in drinking and river water in the concentration range from 4×10-7 to 2×10-5 mol.L-1 . To improve the limit of quantification, a preconcentration by solid phase extraction from 100 mL (drinking and river water) and 1000 mL (drinking water) of water samples was used with limit of determination...
Testing of new electrode arrangements for monitoring of electrochemically oxidisable biologically active organic compounds
Libánský, Milan ; Zima, Jiří (advisor) ; Navrátil, Tomáš (referee) ; Šelešovská, Renáta (referee)
Submitted Ph.D. Thesis is focused on the electrochemical characterization and testing of recently developed working electrodes made from pure gold or graphitic carbon particles and electrochemical arrangements. These electrodes are suitable for large screening measurements of various organic compounds. The development of new sensitive voltammetric methods for determination of oxidisable biologically active organic compounds is another aim of this work. To verify its applicability, the array of carbon composite film electrodes integrated in measuring cell system was selected for the development of voltammetric methods for determination of homovanillic acid, vanillylmandelic acid, and indoxyl sulphate. These analytes, which belong to the group of biomarkers of human diseases, were selected for increasing interest in their determination in medical laboratories. Moreover, determination of indoxyl sulphate was coupled to its solid phase extraction from human urine prior to voltammetric determination. Obtained results were compared with measurements of standards with well-established carbon paste electrode. Sputtered (physical vapour deposition method) gold nanostructured film electrodes on treated PTFE substrates and gold nanostructured film electrodes modified with various functional groups on the...

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1 Šelešovská, R.
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