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Monetary Policy, Macroprudential Policy and Financial Stabiliy in the Post-Crisis Framework
Malovaná, Simona ; Holub, Tomáš (advisor) ; Teplý, Petr (referee) ; Juselius, John Mikael (referee) ; Šaroch, Stanislav (referee)
This dissertation consists of four empirical papers analysing and discussing central bank policies in the post-crisis period. After the global financial crisis central bankers and other regulators have faced many new challenges, including a prolonged period of acommodative monetary policy, side effects of monetary policy easing on financial stability and interaction of macroprudential, microprudential and monetary policy. On top of that, policy makers must deal with uncertainty surrounding the transmission and the effectiveness of newly introduced macroprudential measures. The empirical analyses focus primarily on the Czech Republic and its banking sector, with an exception of the first essay. Using data for the Czech Republic and five euro area countries, the first essay shows that monetary tightening has a negative impact on the credit-to-GDP ratio and banks' capital-to-asset ratio, while these effects have strengthened considerably since mid-2011. This supports the view that accommodative monetary policy contributes to a build- up of financial vulnerabilities, i.e. it boosts the credit cycle. The second essay assesses the transmission of higher additional capital requirements stemming from capital buffers and Pillar 2 add-ons on banks' capital ratio, capital surplus and implicit risk weights. The results...
The competitiveness of automotive industry of the V4 countries
Frišaufová, Tereza ; Bič, Josef (advisor) ; Šaroch, Stanislav (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the competitiveness of automotive industry of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary, therefore countries of the V4. The main aim of the thesis is to evaluate the mutual position and to identify differences amongst individual countries of the V4. Thus the theoretical part of the thesis deals with defining concept of competitiveness, its possibilities of measurement, competitive advantages, the role of state, industries and companies, last not least it defines concept of clusters. Furthermore, the practical part of the thesis defines individual automotive markets of the V4 countries throughout dislocation of main producers, structural composition of production and its gross value added. Subsequently, the comparative analyses of the V4 countries is lead with chosen indicators such as FDI, export and import, domestic and foreign value added, labour costs and wages, employment, productivity, production and its value and turnover, etc.
Comparison of the economics of Nigeria and Indonesia from the 1990s until the present
Valovik, Valeryia ; Šaroch, Stanislav (advisor) ; Sejkora, Jiří (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the comparison of the economics of Nigeria and Indonesia from the 1990s until the present. The aim of this paper is to determine strengths and weaknesses in their economies and the factors that influenced the past and continue to impact the economic development of Nigeria and Indonesia nowadays. Fulfillment of the aim is ensured by a comparison of the aspects of historical, social, cultural, political and economic developments. Special attention is given to the analysis of international trade between the two states and to the energy sector in the respective states. In the conclusion, a statistical analysis of the dependence of economic growth on oil prices was conducted.
The Impact of Governance on the Performance of Universities in International Comparison
Sedláček, Jan ; Šaroch, Stanislav (advisor) ; Hnát, Pavel (referee) ; Laboutková, Šárka (referee) ; Kvizda, Martin (referee)
The aim of the dissertation thesis is to give recommendations for higher education governance in the context of the Czech Republic based on the research of the impact of selected aspects of governance on the performance of universities in international comparison. The aspects of governance are the autonomy of a university and the influence of stakeholders on the internal governance of a university. The performance involves education, research and the third mission. The dissertation thesis also applies Goodhart's law on the higher education system. It identifies and classifies unintended side effects caused by inappropriate use of measaruble indicators in regulation. On the basis of findings there are given reccomendations for higher education governance in the Czech Republic.
Monetary policy of European Central Bank and its development
Liutsko, Ilona ; Šaroch, Stanislav (advisor) ; Hnát, Pavel (referee)
This thesis is devoted to the ECB's activities, function and mission and its development. It is an institution which determines the development of banking in all the countries of the European Union. This institution is a very important part of governance that determines the monetary and financial policies of the member States of the European Union.
Latent Comparative Advantages as a Source of Economic Growth and Development in Case of Togo and Benin
Kalibová, Markéta ; Šaroch, Stanislav (advisor) ; Jiránková, Martina (referee)
Goal of this thesis is to estimate possible latent comparative advantages of selected developing countries. The estimation has its foundation in methodology of New Structural Economics. The first chapter therefore contains theoretical basis of the New Structural Economics. The next two chapters contain the estimation of latent comparative advantages and analysis of economic environment of selected countries.
The development of risk free rate in economic context
Diviš, Petr ; Bič, Josef (advisor) ; Šaroch, Stanislav (referee)
This diploma thesis handles with risk free rate development in economic context. The aim of this diploma thesis is based particularly on the analysis of development risk free rate on chosen real estate markets. Other words spoken, the diploma thesis tries to discover connection between real estate markets through their yields and longterm risk free rate development. For better explicitness I have chosen four real estate markets: residential, office, retail and logistics market.
Sustainability of public finances in the EU: Comparison of Germany and Great Britain
Zajíček, Jakub ; Bič, Josef (advisor) ; Šaroch, Stanislav (referee)
Diploma Thesis deals with the comparison of public finances of the United Kingdom and the Federal Republic of Germany from 2000 to 2014. It focuses on the period of financial and economic crisis after 2008. This thesis aims to identify the impact of the financial and economic crisis on the sustainability of public finances of both countries. It also identify the reasons for the different development of public finances in both countries. The practical part is divided into three chapters. The first chapter deals with the period of 2000-2010. The second chapter focuses on consolidation of public finances in the years 2010-2014. The last chapter deals with the current development and sustainability of public finances of both countries.
The development and the sustainability of the external public debt of the European Union member states
Střecha, Michal ; Karpová, Eva (advisor) ; Izák, Vratislav (referee) ; Šaroch, Stanislav (referee) ; Křelinová, Jana (referee)
The public debt is considered as an important indicator of the macroeconomic and financial stability of the domestic economy. It reflects a quality of the fiscal policy and the sustainability of the public finances. The public debt has been recently paid more attention in the context of the last financial and debt crisis initiated in 2008. A considerable amount of literature has been published on the topic of interconnections between budget balances and macroeconomic environment. However, the budget deficit is only a consequence of higher public expenditures than public revenues. Therefore, the debt is only an alternative source of financing the budget deficit. One of the main ideas of the doctoral thesis is that the macroeconomic effects of the fiscal policy represented by the budget deficits and effects of the public debt should differ. While activities of the fiscal policy effect the real economic indicators such as the GDP, an increase in the public debt effects the monetary indicators such as the exchange rate, the market interest rate and the money supply. The main object of the doctoral thesis is the analysis of the public debt development including the changes in the public debt structure broken down by debt instruments, currency, maturity and the holder profile. Besides, other main object is to analyse the macroeconomic effects of various forms of a public debt; firstly the attention is paid to different monetary effects of the domestic and the external public debt. The doctoral thesis suggests a new point of view to the analysis of the macroeconomic effects and sustainability of a public debt. The findings can be used in the decision making process; If a public deficit is supposed to be domestic debt or external debt financed. Apart from the effects of the changes in the outstanding debt, the effects of the changes in the public debt structure are examined.
Migration to selected EU countries: Labor market integration
Kaclíková, Roberta ; Šaroch, Stanislav (advisor) ; Němcová, Ingeborg (referee)
The aim of this master thesis is to analyse the labor market of European Union and its certain countries in relation to the immigration with the backgound of various social welfare models. The paper is analysing the topic of labor market of European Union, integration of immigrants on this market, with focus on economies and labour markets of Sweden, United Kingdom and Germany as countries with high level of immigration that are representing three different social welfare models, such as Nordic model, Liberal model and Conservative model. The main objective of this thesis is the analysis of labor markets in selected countries of the European Union in relation to immigration and their subsequent comparison using the background of different social welfare models. The result is the evaluation of effectivness of the various social models based on statistical data, acquired knowledge and performed comparisons. The thesis is divided into four chapters and contains 13 tables and 8 charts.

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