National Repository of Grey Literature 106 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
English copular be in the progressive: adjective complements, meaning and Czech counterparts
Svobodová, Aneta ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Šebestová, Denisa (referee)
Clauses, where copular be occurs in the progressive, express an occurrence or a certain situation rather than a permanent state. (Matthews, 2014: 144) Each adjective that would occur in combination with such an aspect of be can also occur with its simple form, but not vice versa. Clauses in which the adjective is used with the progressive have narrower meaning. (ibid., 146) This thesis explores the predicative constructions with be in the progressive complemented by an adjective. It examines which adjectives tend to occur in such a construction, how often and by which intensifiers or other adverbials they are modified, and what other elements in the text suggest the construction is used as describing momentary behaviour. An integral part of the thesis describes how these text elements are translated into Czech and which ways does the Czech use to translate the construction as a whole. One hundred examples of the use of the construction in English original fiction and their Czech equivalents were excerpted from the parallel corpus InterCorp. The thesis also describes how often the predicate contains more than one adjective a how it is reflected in Czech. Further it examines which other constituents in the sentence suggest that the construction describes momentary behaviour in a certain situation and...
Phrasal Combinations in English Swearing
Romanenko, Anton ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Tichý, Ondřej (referee)
The aim of this BA thesis is to describe and analyze multi-word combinations of the word fuck, including such compounds as fuck it up, fuck me off, fuck around, etc. The thesis seeks to describe its colloqations, types of complementation, and meaning with regards to semantic and syntactic restrictions. While most dictionaries describe fuck in terms of abstract semantic structures, this thesis will analyze examples from the British National Corpus of spoken English. The theoretical part will discuss briefly the recent development observed in the uses of the word as well as socio- linguistic aspects of its use, as described in secondary literature. This part will also provide a list of possible combinations of fuck and their meaning (according to the Oxford English Dictionary) and discuss the possible terminological approaches to the phraseological description of the word and its combinations. In the methodological part, the procedure of working with the data and the British National Corpus is described. The analytical part descibes the combinations discovered in the BNC from the point of view of their meaning and the degree of their grammatical variability. Key words: swearing, bad language, phrasal verbs, formulaic language, idiomaticity
Cleft-sentences in Academic Prose: Diachronic Development of their Frequency and Functions in Natural Sciences and Humanities
Beták, Kryštof ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
This diploma thesis maps the diachronic tendencies in the frequency and functions of it-cleft sentences in two sub-registers of academic prose, humanities and natural sciences, from 1800 to 2019. Biber and Gray (2016) showed changes in grammatical complexity in academic writing, namely the shift between phrasal and clausal grammatical complexity and explicitness, which motivated the hypothesis of this thesis, i.e. that the frequency of it-clefts is expected to decrease in the course of 20th century in both sub-registers with the development being faster and more salient in natural sciences. General description presents the syntactic and semantic properties of it-clefts together with discussion about FSP and the distinction between new and given information, as the objective of the thesis is also to study the development of the functional types of clefts. The empirical part analyses a corpus of 170 academic texts, covering the time period under study. It is divided into sections based on time periods displaying similar features concerning the frequency of it-clefts in natural sciences and humanities. The analysis confirms that the expected decrease in the frequency of it-clefts is clearly notable in the case of natural sciences, while in humanities the frequency of it-clefts in individual texts...
Word-order variation of some object complements
Buliekova, Anna ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
The thesis investigates the factors that may contribute to the word order alternation of the object and its complement in the SVOCo clause pattern, where the Co is realized by a short adjective. The theoretical part describes the notion of the object complement, its semantic classification and obligatoriness in the clause. It also gives the brief overview of the word order variation between the object and particle in phrasal verbs, including the influence of FSP. Excerpts for the analysis are taken from the British National Corpus. The aim of the practical part is to study each of the chosen collocations separately and analyze what influences the word order change in both SVOCo and SVCoO sequences. There are two hypotheses based on the theoretical part. First hypothesis is that the end-weight principle influences the word order, as it does with phrasal verbs. The second hypotheses is that the word order correlates with the amount of communicative dynamism carried by the object and its complement. Key words: object complement, phrasal verbs, end-weight principle, communicative dynamism
Selected copular verbs and their adjectival complements in contemporary written and spoken English
Coufalová, Adéla ; Lukešová, Lucie (advisor) ; Šaldová, Pavlína (referee)
The present thesis studies the copular verbs and their co-occurrence with adjectival complements in contemporary written and spoken English. The theoretical part of this work first describes the copular verbs in terms of their types and types of complements they take. A corpus-based approach to copular verbs follows. A part of the theory also provides an overview of the terminology that is used with copular verbs. The work consists of two parts: the theoretical part which introduces the topic and describes the features of both the principal copula be and other copular verbs and the analytical part which analyses written language data excerpted from the Araneum Anglicum corpus and spoken language data from the Spoken BNC2014 corpus. The analytical part focuses on the following seven verbs: feel, look, seem, remain, become, go and get and their adjectival complements. These adjectives are then analysed in terms of their frequency and collocability with the verbs. The collocate lists of all verbs are then compared between the two corpora. Finally, the analysis also attempts to categorize the adjectives semantically. The analysis also focuses on adverbs which occur in these constructions and which function is to modify the adjectives. The results of the analytical part are summarized in the conclusion.
Single uncomplemented adjectives available, responsible, and possible in pre-/post-head position
Petrechová, Sára ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Sláma, Jakub (referee)
The thesis is a qualitative corpus-based analysis focusing on three single uncomplemented adjectives, namely available, responsible and possible in their pre- and post-head position, and analysing features determining the two adjectival positions. The analysis is based on the syntactic and semantic properties proposed by Cinque (2010), which are applied to corpus examples with the intention of attesting or not these properties, namely deictic/generic meaning of adjectives, non- /restrictiveness, stage-/individual-level interpretation, and non-/specificity-inducing character of adjectives. The analysis also employs analyses from other theoretical studies by Bolinger (1952), James (1979) and a corpus-based study by Blöhdorn (2009). The abovementioned properties were attested as relevant in the examples of pre- and postmodifying available and responsible, while the adjective possible showed unclear results. Based on the analysis, it can be concluded that the quantification, reference, presupposition and semantic meaning play a significant role in determining the adjectival position. Key words: uncomplemented, adjective, adjectives, pre-head position, post-head position, premodification, postmodification, presupposition, quantification
Nominal vs adjectival when/where relative clauses
Kynčlová, Kateřina ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
The present thesis compares nominal relative clauses and adnominal relative clauses with a general antecedent with the focus on omissibility of the antecedent. General antecedents time, place, thing, or person should be omissible in adjectival relative clauses, which results in a potential alternation of adjectival and nominal relative clauses. Using the data drawn from the British National Corpus (BNC), this thesis examines the hypothesis that it is possible to omit all general locative and temporal antecedents introducing adjectival relative clauses without a significant change in meaning, and tries to identify syntactic or semantic constraints in cases where the omission does not seem viable. Fifty examples of adjectival and fifty examples of nominal relative clauses served as a material for this thesis. It was observed that certain constructions, syntactic functions and syntactic structures disallow the omission of the antecedent regardless of its generality often due to the nature of the fused relatives where and when which do not sufficiently indicate the nominal function of the clause. Furthermore, their locative or temporal nature prevents their occurrence with free and static prepositions whose presence is in such structures redundant. Key words: relative clauses, nominal relative clauses,...
Available and responsible as modifiers
Dudáková, Petra ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Sláma, Jakub (referee)
The objective of the thesis is to describe and compare the modifying uses of two adjectives which can appear both as premodifiers as well as bare postmodifiers, namely available and responsible. Both modifying positions are examined with respect to the textual environment, the complexity of noun phrases and adjective phrases in which the adjectives function, reference and other features in order to outline the patterns in which these two adjectives appear. The data for the analytical part have been extracted from the British National Corpus using the basic query and limiting the search to the written part of the corpus. After manual assessment of the initial samples of 500 concordance lines, 154 concordance lines containing the adjective available and 147 containing the adjective responsible proved to be suitable for the analysis. The final samples of the data are further categorized and analysed concerning the complexity of the noun phrase, premodification, postmodification and complementation of the adjectives, semantic preference of the head nouns, and the motivation for the pre- or postnominal placement of the modifiers. Key words: adjective, adjective phrase, premodification, postmodification, complementation, attributive function, predicative function, postpositive function, bare adjective,...
Rhetorical Aspects of Political Speeches: Remain or Leave?
Stejskalová, Rozálie ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Tichý, Ondřej (referee)
This thesis analyses rhetorical aspects of political discourse in two speeches given on Brexit by British politicians, David Cameron and Boris Johnson. Our study characterizes the formal aspects of the speeches, analyses the genre and arrangement of the speeches, and compares three modes of persuasion (pathos, logos, ethos) which are created through the employment of various rhetorical devices typically used in political discourse. The focus of our study is on metaphor, metonymy, syllogism and prolepsis. The objective of the thesis is to determine whether the political speakers put an emphasis on one of the three modes of persuasion in their speeches and how this contributes to the persuasiveness of their speeches. The study is based mostly on the concepts of traditional rhetoric and the methodology used and described by Jonathan Charteris-Black (2014), (2018) who combines traditional approaches to political discourse with approaches from critical discourse analysis. Therefore, the next objective of our analysis is to discover whether the application of this methodology provides insight into the style of political discourse.
The Use of Punctuation, Emoji and Emoticons in YouTube Abusive Comments
Bočková, Renata ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Tichý, Ondřej (referee)
This thesis attempts to contribute to the study of punctuation marks (including emoji and emoticons) used in computer-mediated communication. It aims to describe their role in abusive comments on YouTube videos with LGBT content and the extent to which their use differs in respectful and hateful comments on such videos. The analysis concentrates also on how the distribution of punctuation marks differs in relation to the polarity, content and length of comments. The thesis also provides a comparison of the frequency of the occurrence of punctuation marks in both respectful and hateful comments. In addition to that, this paper attempts to classify emoji and emoticons according to their role in the text. Key words Computer-mediated communication, YouTube, emoji, emoticons, punctuation, Internet communication

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