National Repository of Grey Literature 70 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Spatial Analysis of the Motherhood Wage Gap in the Czech Republic
Vlčková, Radka ; Pertold-Gebicka, Barbara (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Using the Czech household microdata, I analyze the regional variations of the motherhood wage gap in the Czech Republic. By this spatial analysis, I aim to detect discrepancies between metropolitan areas and rural localities. Such a study has not yet been carried out in the Czech Republic. Accounting for individual characteristics and working history of employed women, I ob- serve both positive and negative wage gaps but only in several regions. Such findings can be explained by cultural differences, individual self-selection into higher paid jobs or by employers' approach to mothers. For the remaining regions, there is not enough evidence of the motherhood wage gap presence. The hypothesis that in socially excluded localities the wage gap is largest is rejected. Additional examination of the formal childcare provision shows that increase of the kindergartens' occupancy rate significantly decreases salaries of both mothers and childless women. This result is consistent with the previous Czech research. Keywords Motherhood wage gap, Spatial analysis, Czech Republic, Kindergarten JEL classifications D63, J13, R23 1
Efficiency analysis of cultural spending in Czech municipalities
Holušová, Lucie ; Šťastná, Lenka (advisor) ; Špolcová, Dominika (referee)
The aim of this study is to assess local expenditures on the culture of municipalities in the Czech Republic and the effect of the exogenous variables on its level. The thesis analyses the efficiency for 205 Czech municipalities of extended scope in the years 2014-2016. Based on the previously published works the expenditures of municipalities of extended scope on culture were used as the input. Output variables were chosen to match the input variable. The estimation is performed using the Data Envelopment Analysis under different returns to scale assumptions. Lastly, several potential effects on the estimated efficiency are considered and analysed. Our results suggest that 6 out of 9 exogenous variables used in the analysis are statistically significant and affect the level of efficiency (e.g.: number of inhabitants, rate of unemployment, the share of elderly people etc.). Keywords efficiency, municipalities, Czech Republic, public expenditure, DEA
Drug-dependent mothers in the Therapeutic community Karlov and the importance of guilt in child upbringing
Kubištová, Natálie ; Šťastná, Lenka (advisor) ; Lososová, Amalie (referee)
Background: Women with substance abuse problems have distinctive features and face many difficulties arising from their gender specificities. Among them, motherhood is significantly represented, which, combined with the abuse of addictive substances, fundamentally changes its profile, from experience, to the way these women relate to their children. These ways are burdened with many experiences, processes and emotions, which subsequently block the establishment of appropriate education. Aim: The aim of the thesis was to find out whether women with addiction problems feel guilty and shy in relation to their children, or map out where these feelings come from and what forms them. Another key objective was to reveal whether these feelings could create barriers in relation to the child, and especially in education. The last goal of the thesis was to evaluate whether, in addition to these determinants, other variables occur, or which ones are entering into the process of remediation. Methodology: Data collection took place in spring 2019 in the Therapeutic Community Karlov. A semi-structured interview was conducted with clients and specific observed situations of maternal interactions with the child were described. Research sample: The sample was created by 5 clients of the Therapeutic Community...
Airbnb taxation
Luková, Veronika ; Poláková, Nikol (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Airbnb is an internet platform that provides mediation of accommodation operating according to the principles of a shared economy. Because it is a new type of business, it is an environment with very limited regulation, but it has a big influence on the housing market. Especially in Prague, which currently lacks flats for long-term lease. This thesis is to be the very first to provide a unique view of the Prague market and then it discusses possible ways of regulation in the form of taxation of professional hosts. At the same time, the thesis analyzes determinants of the price of accommodation using the hedonic model. These results are then used to estimate the host revenue. According to the results, the regulation and form of taxation should be supplemented by a maximum short-term rental period of 135 days per year, so that the owners of the property are motivated to rent it out primarily for long-term.
The role of modern technologies and the Internet in preschool children: The risks of their use from a perspective of their parents
Rokosová, Kateřina ; Vacek, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Background: The number of preschool children using modern technologies and the Internet is growing rapidly, but the consequences of this behaviour on individual development are unknown. Aim: The aim of this research is to map the issue of the use of modern technologies and the Internet by preschool children and to focus on problematic, addictive behaviour and risks related to these technologies based on the statements of the children's parents. Methods: The data were collected through qualitative research using a semi- structured interview with the parents. In total, 8 interviews were conducted, rewritten into text and further modified using coding and categorization methods. Results: One of the main findings of the study is that watching TV and YouTube videos dominates preschool children's media use. More than half of preschool children own a tablet. Problematic or addictive behaviour is more commonly caused by using tablets or mobile devices other than different technologies. Parents underestimate risks of the use of modern technologies and the Internet. They set rules based only on their own beliefs and the rules are often inadequate and lead to children's undesirable behaviour. Conclusion and recommendation: It is necessary to continue the research in the field of use of modern technologies...
Women drug users, their needs and barriers acces to treatment: Study of public opinion
Ježková, Lenka ; Doležalová, Pavla (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
The main topic of this bachelor thesis are women - users of addictive substances. The theoretical part explains why women are a specific focus groups. The starting point is the theoretical knowledge about this specific group and this thesis summarises it. It describes their needs and barriers to treatment and during treatment. It is based, amongst other things, on foreign resources, annual report of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the annual report of the drug situation in the Czech Republic. The practical part examines views of the general public on this issue. The questionnaire answers research questions concerning general opinion, the needs of drug users and possible barriers to entry the treatment, as well as stigmatisation. The purpose of the work is to summarise the situation of women users as far as their needs, barriers and stigmatisation and also to determine public opinion. According to different studies, more men than women enter into a treatment program, that is the problem defined. The partial target of this work is to highlight any potential barriers that can hinder access to treatment. By publishing the work, the subject will be extended to the consciousness of the Czech society, both general and professional. It is believed that as far as the subject will be discussed...
A qualitative analysis of IQOS usage patterns among tobacco users in the Czech Republic
Houdková, Denisa ; Kulhánek, Adam (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Background: Tobacco and nicotine contained in it belongs to the substances with the highest addiction potential. The harmfulness of conventional cigarettes is a publicly known fact, and this is one of the reasons why producers are trying to market other tobacco alternatives. One of them is heated tobacco IQOS, which has only recently appeared on the market in the Czech Republic. IQOS users are an unexplored and unspecified social group whose patterns of use and characteristics are not adequately described in terms of expertise. Aims: The primary objective of the study was to describe the typical patterns of IQOS use among tobacco users in the Czech Republic, who left smoking conventional cigarettes and converted to the use of heated tobacco. The secondary objectives were to describe the characteristics of IQOS use, users' paraphernalia relationships, motivation to convert to the IQOS and the development of patterns of use over a two-month period. Methods: Qualitative research methods were used. The respondents were recruited by the method of deliberate selection together with the snowball method. Participants were recruited via social networks; the process of data creation was done through semi- structured interviews and online survey using two waves design. The research group consisted of 10...
Motivation for treatment of dependence on addictive substances among patients in detoxification department
Břoušková, Barbora ; Šťastná, Lenka (advisor) ; Dvořáček, Jiří (referee)
Background: The psychology of behavior change and addictive substance users' motivation to get treatment is a topical issue in addictology. The reasons why patients enter treatment vary; they have different goals, and they differ in the degree to which they are able to reflect these goals. To understand addictive behavior, it is necessary to pay attention to all aspects that determine it, i.e. to recognize the abilities, opportunities and motivations of their behavior and their interaction. The topic of patient motivation at the very beginning of the institutional treatment process of addiction, i.e. when entering detox, was not given enough attention in the Czech Republic, despite the fact that detoxification is in many cases the first, indispensable step in starting medium-term and long-term residential treatment of addiction, and work with motivation is a method of direct work with patients. Aims: To map the motivation for treatment of addiction to addictive substances in patients voluntarily hospitalized at the Detox K20department at the Kosmonosy Psychiatric Hospital. To describe the characteristics of these patients, the differences in their motivation and compare their motivation in terms of socio-demographic data, preferential addictive substances, experience with addiction treatment and...
Correlation between benzodiazepines use and quality of life in regions of the Czech Republic
Brožková, Lenka ; Chomynová, Pavla (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
The objective of this study is to explore and describe current use of benzodiazepines in the Czech Republic and to identify possible correlation with quality of life in particular regions. Benzodiazepines are widely prescribed for a variety of conditions: anxiety and insomnia in particular. Benzodiazepine addiction is often latent and therefore doesn't cause social segregation as psychoactive drugs and alcohol abuse. Environment in which people live significantly impacts our psychological state. The question is how significant the influence of quality of the environment on the general wellbeing is and how is it reflected on the use of benzodiazepines. These questions were answered by analysing results of the research carried on by National Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Addiction in 2016. The Centre conducted a survey with 3601 respondents in order to gain more understanding about use of benzodiazepines, excessive playing of video games and gambling in the Czech regions. Analysis of the responses reveals that medications used to treat insomnia and anxiety disorder (benzodiazepines included) are used mostly by people living in major cities. The lowest prevalence of benzodiazepine use is in small towns and villages. Benzodiazepines are still the most frequently prescribed group of medications used...
Gender differences under competitive pressure: Evidence from skittles
Bílek, Jan ; Korbel, Václav (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
Gender differences under competitive pressure: Evidence from skittles Jan Bílek Abstract Nowadays, performance in stressful situations has become essential in everyday lives. Moreover, many of these situations happen under competition. Recent literature suggests that there might be a gender gap in behavior under such competitive pressure. This paper studies this phenomenon in the previously unexplored field of skittles. We investigate whether men and women players score differently when facing better players, i.e. are put in higher competitive pressure. Based on our results, we cannot reject the hypothesis that men and women react similarly under competitive pressure. The alternative specifications provide a suitable evidence for existence of gender differences in reaction to the actual score of an opponent in the game, although the limitation of these specifications is an endogeneity problem and thus the results have to be interpreted with caution.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 70 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
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