National Repository of Grey Literature 210 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Rudolf Arnheim's psychology of art
Kutil, Lukáš ; Lukavský, Jiří (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The presented thesis introduces Rudolf Arnheim's core claims regarding psychology of art. Arnheim's conceptions of expression, affectivity, visual dynamics, centric and eccentric composition (etc.) are investigated within the text. Furthermore, more recent empirical findings are brought to attention to confront Arnheim's view. A complete picture of Arnheim's theory of expression should be drawn in historical context. The empirical study hereby conducted offers a closer look at a number of Arnheim's hypotheses regarding the "weight" phenomenon, as described by author. The perception of "weight" is observed in relation to the chromatic characteristics of presented stimuli. Keywords Rudolf Arnheim, Gestalttheorie, theory of expression, affectivity, perception
Paradox of choice and related personality characteristics
Rzepecká, Michaela ; Höschlová, Eva (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
In the master thesis, we present theoretically-critical analysis of current academic knowledge about the paradox of choice and related selected personality characteristics. In the theoretical part, we examine the topic of desition-making. First part defines concept of the paradox of choice. The next part also includes previous research related to paradox of choice and related factors. In addition, we examine the phenomenon of post-decision regret in the context of the paradox of choice. In final section we elaborate relevant personality characteristics. The empirical part investigates the effect of paradox of choice, its relation to personality characteristics and post-decision regret. The research includes experiment, which is extended with personality questionnaire measuring maximization tendency, decisiveness and optimism. Those traits are measured by using Maximization scale Lai (2010), Life Orientation Test- Revised (LOT-R) and Bochum Personality Questionnaire (BIP). In the discussion, we further explore features of maximization tendency. Results does not show presence of the paradox of choice. Nevertheless participants from group with the most choices showed significantly more satisfaction with choice compared to participants from group with least choices which suggests opposite effect. In...
Scale for measuring generativity- construction and verification of psychometric properties
Faberová, Karolína ; Blatný, Marek (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to construct a generativity scale and verify its psychometric properties within the Czech environment. We focus on both the theoretical foundations of generativity as well as the tools of its measurement. While these measures already exist, they do not sufficiently correspond with the context of the Czech environment. The constructed scale focuses on 7 areas of generativity and is based on some already existing tools, namely the LGS and GBC. Furthermore, using a content analysis of 150 interviews of participants between the ages of 50 and 60 years and considering the already existing tools, we created a 31-item scale which we further reduced to 24 items in the traditional item analysis. The overall achieved Cronbach's α value of 0.803 with a 95% confidence interval (0.766-0.835) is satisfactory. We conclude that the thesis has fulfilled the requirements of a pilot study and provides opportunities for subsequent research.
Use of the short-term goal-setting method for athetes with regard to their personality traits
Nezdoba, Jakub ; Šírová, Eva (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the possibilities of predicting success in athletes in the short- term, process-oriented goal-setting method using the NEO-FFI inventory. The first part of the thesis describes the five-factor model of personality and the possibilities of its psychodiagnostics' measurement. The second part of the thesis describes the mechanisms of the goal-setting method with rules and procedures for its effective application. The method of goal-setting is then connected in theory as well as research with a five-factor personality model using a correlation study in real conditions. The research sample consisted of 316 performance ice-hockey players aged 15 to 19 years. These players underwent the goal- setting method and the personality traits measurement using NEO-FFI. The strongest predictor of success found using the goal-setting method was the size of the selected goal. Of the personality traits, it was merely a trait extraversion, which, however, provided a relatively weak prediction option.
Transactional Analysis Approaches Aplicable in Working with Clients in Low-Treshold Addictology Services
Staňková, Nora ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee) ; Kalina, Kamil (referee)
Te aim of the research dissertation thesis is to introduce transactional analysis as a practi- cal tool applicable for efective communication with clients in low-threshold addictology services. Te main objective is the discovery of ego-states that clients use in communication with employees, determining the representation of individual ego-states at both client and employee side. A partial goal is to observe the methods of communication with the client, which lead to the provision of services in the framework of Adult to Adult transactions. Te output usable in real life is a manual of communication between employees and clients using principles of transaction analysis. Te research group consists of 88 observed, recorded and evaluated interviews between employees and clients of the low-threshold addictology service Drop In Prevention and Treatment of Drug Addiction Center, specifcally in the Drop In Low-threshold Center. Tey were active users of illegal addictive substances who have requested some service from the spectrum of harm reduction services at the time of the research. Te thesis uses qualitative research in the form of text and word analysis used in the com- munication of clients and employees in the Drop In Low-threshold Center with the aim of capturing the usual communication...
Self-compassion and its role in emotion regulation, maintaining mental health and well-being
Benda, Jan ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Světlák, Miroslav (referee) ; Praško Pavlov, Ján (referee)
Self-compassion and its role in emotion regulation, maintaining mental health and well-being PhDr. Jan Benda Supervisor: prof. PhDr. Jiří Šípek, CSc., Ph.D. Abstract Background. Frequent comorbidity of mental disorders together with the latest findings in neurobiology have been drawing attention of health professionals over the past years to so- called transdiagnostic factors, including, but not limited to difficulties in emotion regulation and self-compassion. It seems that these factors play a significant role in the etiology of many mental disorders as well as in the maintenance of mental health and well-being. Objectives. The aim of this thesis was to theoretically discuss and scientifically verify the expected relationship between parental emotional warmth in childhood, self-compassion and emotion regulation. Sample and procedure. 440 adult respondents (141 men and 299 women) completed the questionnaire "My Memories of Upbringing"- Short Form (s-EMBU), the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale-Short Form (DERS-SF-CZ) and the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS-CZ) together with several demographic questions in an online survey. Statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics and the Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated using IBM SPSS Statistics-23 software. The effect of gender and education on...
Psychohygienic aspects of using real and electronic social networks
Vožechová, Klára ; Štětovská, Iva (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The master thesis examines the role of social networking sites (SNS) in searching social support via sharing posts within one-to-many communication. The theoretical part is devoted to the user motivation to use SNS, personal characteristics of users, the impact of SNS usage on relationships, social support in the SNS environment and the use of one-to-many communication functions. The empirical part focuses on SNS active users aged 18 - 34 years. In focus groups it examines how and when people use SNS relating social support and building social capital. The results are followed by a questionnaire, which examines what types of social support users are asking for and how they perceive reactions they received. Keywords: social networking sites - social support - social capital - Facebook - Instagram
Heritage of Julian Jaynes and contemporary psychology
Shtalman, Polina ; Šípek, Jiří (advisor) ; Heller, Daniel (referee)
This bachelor thesis is concerned with the theory of bicameral mind established by Julian Jaynes in the 70s of the previous century - it describes the development and characteristics of human consciousness in the course of human history. Individual chapters aim, firstly, to provide a definition of the term consciousness in a traditional sense, subsequently, to clarify Jaynes' conception of consciousness, then introducing the readers to Jaynes' theories to later, give an account on the crucial topics in psychology that deal with his theory and its current studies. The research proposal for this bachelor thesis is focused on the comparison of auditory hallucinations of mentally healthy individuals and people with schizophrenia in the Czech Republic.
Discriminatory analysis of subjective well-being and psychological well-being concepts
Darániová, Lucie ; Blatný, Marek (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
In this thesis we dealt with two important theoretical concepts of well-being - subjective (E. Diener) and psychological (C. Ryff). Previous work has demonstrated the conceptual identity of both constructs, but at the same time highlighted their interdependence. The aim of the work was to analyze both concepts of well-being on the basis of their relationship to selected psychological variables: self-esteem, personality traits, coping strategies and basic human values. The research sample consisted of 2368 university students of Masaryk's University in Brno. Using Pearson's correlations, we have described relationships of subjective (SWB) and psychological (PWB) well-being to the mentioned psychological variables. In many cases, correlations suggested similar relationships between SWB and PWB with the variable. We further tested these similarities by the test of the difference between two dependent correlations and found statistically significant differences in the relationships between both concepts of personal well-being and self-esteem, personality traits of extraversion and conscientiousness, coping strategies of active coping, behavioral disengagement, planning, denial, positive reframing, acceptance and self-blame. Moreover, we found statistically significant correlations of PWB with values...
The Role of Music in Emotion Regulation
Jirásková, Veronika ; Kulišťák, Petr (advisor) ; Šípek, Jiří (referee)
The thesis presents the concept of emotion regulation in connection with music and its listening. It deals with the theoretical definition of emotions and in the context of emotion regulation supports the process model following the theory of appraisal. For further description we choose reappraisal strategy, with which is also worked in this research study in the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), which analyses 215 responses from 215 respondents by collecting online study data and finding that three variables predict this strategy, namely discharge (VE), entertainment (Z) and revival (R) of the used questionnaire Music in Mood Regulation (MMR). Furthermore, a negative correlation was found in the strategy of suppression with life satisfaction and a positive correlation of reappraisal with life satisfaction. The thesis by its research outcomes supports connection of ER concept together with mood regulation by music.

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