National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Social time and its representation in the performance-oriented society of the 19th century: liberalization - monetization - pluralization
Řezníková, Lenka
One of the symptoms of the transition from the premodern society of estates to a modern civil society, as realized during the 19th century (at least at the ideological level) was the highlighting of time and its transformation into a secular instrument of liberal ideology. The monetization of time, expressed in Benjamin Franklin’s famous formulation „time is money“ (translated into Czech in 1838) allowed time to be conceived as a factor in social ascent. In contrast to the estates privileges that quarantees social status on given a priori selective principles, time was given to everybody and its appropriate utilization could ensure social ascent even for individuals from the lowest social strata. Hence time becomes a key component in the new liberal biographical project of social ascent, not only in the biological sense, but also with regard to the structure of social behaviour. Numerous instructions are given (even in fiction) on how to utilize time properly and transform it into material profit. As time in increasingly highlighted, so the importance of time periods and deadlines grows and need also incerases for synchronization and correct timing, because each actor noe disposes of his own time, which is not always compatible with the time of others actors. This study attempts to show how the new secularized time was represented in the emerging performance-oriented society and what consequences were in store for the monetization of time beyond this optimistic liberal discourse within the modernist generation at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
Literary modernism and the truth behind hoaxes. The symbolist conception of hoaxes between gnoseological enthusiasm and epistemological scepticism
Řezníková, Lenka
The study focuses the shifts in the representations of hoax in the Czech literature at the end of the 19th century and their epistemological context. Whereas in previous decades mystifications were particularly represented as a social practice, at the turn of the century they free itself from existing ethical standards and raise to a legitimate aesthetic and gnoseological category. This shift in the conception of hoaxes reflected the general rise in the scepticism, which at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries cast doubt over illusory obviousness of empirical evidence. Despite this epistemological scepticism, however, a new conception showed some gnoseological optimism, i.e. did not exclude the possibility of gaining knowledge as such. However it postulated knowledge of a new and unempirical kind reflecting the danger of delusion.
Prominent margin: Imagination of the Czech-German borderland in 19th and 20th century literature
Řezníková, Lenka
The study deals with the concept of the Czech-German "borderland" as a spatial, mental ad social figure participing in the construction of the ethnic (national and cultural) differences and of otherness in general. Interpreting 19th and 20th century Czech literary texts, it shows the main transformations of this concept, from the idea of language frontier (dominating in the 19th century) to representation of the border territory (in the 20th century) Underscoring the cultural and historical conditionality of the frontier as a social institution, and the influence of cartography for its socialization, the study focuses on the spatial and semiotic consequences of these transformations.
Historian – the Public Thing. Jaroslav Goll and the Czech Literary Modernicism
Řezníková, Lenka
The study focuses on the position of the Czech historian Jaroslav Goll in the culture at the turn of the 20th century. It explores the relation between the young literary generation and Jaroslav Goll as historian, poet, and the translator of the Baudelaire´s Fleurs du Mal, one of the text canonised by the literary generation of modernicism.
T. G. Masaryk an the Controversy on the Historicism in the Czech Literature at the Turn of 19th Century
Řezníková, Lenka
The study outlines connections between innovations of historical representations in the Czech literature around 1900 and the activities of T. G. Masaryk. From this point of view, it analyses the so-called "literary generation of the 1890s" as an self-identification imagined community, and the key role which Masaryk's participation in the controvery on Manuscript of Dvůr Králové (1886) played in its construing.

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